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HER Number:MDV43444
Name:Hut circle on Shaugh Moor

Summary

A hut circle probably of Bronze Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey immediately south of the Saddlesborough reave on the north-west facing slopes on Shaugh Moor as a stone-defined hut circle levelled into a north-west-facing hillslope. The hut circle is identifiable as a ruined structure on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 554 633
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 49
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/319
  • Old SAM County Ref: 431
  • Pastscape: 439248

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp 2 5140-5141 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

Stone settings are visible in a circular plan.

Price, D. G., 1973, Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor, 90 map. (Article in Serial). SDV147593.

National Monuments Record, 1978, NMR SX5563, 3/223 (Aerial Photograph). SDV152488.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56SE49 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV150218.

Collis, J., 1983, Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor, 59 60 fig 6. (Article in Serial). SDV144058.

House "A". Double row of stones up to 1.0 metre high. Internal diameter approximately 4.0 metres. Entrance on south-east with a collapsed orthostat. Line of stones bisects interior. Reave (SX56SE-115) robbed in this area, perhaps for the construction of the houses.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Hut circle plotted in 1985 project from 1978 aerial photograph.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, fig 48.4 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Deicted by Butler.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

(Visited 02/12/1997) Centred at SX 5542 6338. A row of four hut circles situated on a west-facing hillslope in moorland lie between 258 metres and 267 metres above OD. Three of the huts which occur within the parallel reave system (SX 56 SE 78) almost certainly pre-date it as does the fourth hut which lies in isolation beyond the terminal reave.
SX 5547 6334. A well-defined hut circle levelled into a west-facing hillslope. It measures overall 10.0 metres in diameter with a level interior which is 7.0 metres across with 0.4 metre front and back scarps. The walling which is damaged in the south-east quadrant has a boulder/stone core with inner and outer facings of slabs and boulders a maximum 0.7 metres high. The position of the entrance is not clear.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Stone settings are visible in a circular plan.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Stone settings are visible in a circular plan.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Hut clearly visible on the aerial photography.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM18 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 03/08/2019. The Royal Commission 1997 survey description more accurately describes the site however does not mention the curved line of stones that bisects the interior of the hut circle.
The reaves as shown on the map are in a good condition, clear and distinct in the landscape although by the hut circle the terminal (boundary) reave is disturbed. Site lightly visited by walkers and grazed by animals. Site is stable. Photo taken

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM18 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 03/08/2019 Photo looking south west giving an overall view of the hut circle

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Concentric rings of stone settings up to circa 1.5m wide are visible defining a roughly circular enclosure up to circa 6.6m across, immediately south of the Saddlesborough reave on the north-west facing slopes on Shaugh Moor.
The stones are interpreted as the remains of a hut circle wall of probable Bronze Age date. It is possible that the hut circle predates, but was associated with the reave system.
It is not possible to identify an entrance with any confidence from the aerial photographic evidence alone.
No evidence of an earthwork bank associated with the wall is identifiable from the sources available to the survey.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. fig 48.4.
SDV144058Article in Serial: Collis, J.. 1983. Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 41. A5 Paperback. 59 60 fig 6..
SDV147593Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1973. Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 105. Unknown. 90 map..
SDV150218Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56SE49. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV152488Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1978. NMR SX5563. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3/223.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp 2 5140-5141 12-JUL-1946.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM18.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM18.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 03-MAY-2007. [Mapped feature: #123410 31-MAY-2016, ]

Associated Monuments

MDV2590Part of: Shaugh Moor parallel reave field system (Monument)
MDV2573Related to: Saddlesborough Reave, Shaugh Moor and Shaden moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 17 2019 5:19PM