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HER Number:MDV43445
Name:Hut circle on Shaugh Moor

Summary

A hut circle of probable Bronze Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey as an oval hollow or terrace enclosed by a roughly circular earthwork bank, on the north-west facing slopes of Shaugh Moor. The hut circle is identifiable as an earthwork bank under scrub vegetation on aerial photographs of 1964 and remains clearly visible as a subtle earthwork on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards. A spread bank is identifiable on visualisations derived from low resolution lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 554 634
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 49
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/320
  • Old SAM County Ref: 431
  • Pastscape: 439248

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0381-0382 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

A C-shaped bank is visible.

Price, D. G., 1973, Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor, 90 map (Article in Serial). SDV147593.

National Monuments Record, 1978, NMR SX5563, 3/223 (Aerial Photograph). SDV152488.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56SE49 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV150218.

(Visited 04/09/1980) A rather ruinous but large hut 8.0 metres in diameter and wall 2.0 metres thick in which are set many large orthostats. The western half of the hut wall has been removed but the entrance appears to have been orientated south-west. It is sited to the north of the main Saddlesbrough reave on ground sloping gently from east to west. ('A'). Surveyed at 1:2500 on MSD.

Collis, J., 1983, Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor, 59 60 fig 6 (Article in Serial). SDV144058.

House "D". If it is a house, it overlies reave (SX56SE-115) and is approximately 3.0 metres in diameter. Reave robbed in this area, perhaps for the construction of the huts.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Hut circle visible on aerial photographs and recorded in project.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 105-6, fig 48.5 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Depicted by Butler.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

(Visited 02/12/1997) Centred at SX 5542 6338. A row of four hut circles situated on a west-facing hillslope in moorland lie between 258 metres and 267 metres above OD. Three of the huts which occur within the parallel reave system (SX 56 SE 78) almost certainly pre-date it as does the fourth hut which lies in isolation beyond the terminal reave.
SX 5541 6340. A hut circle partially robbed which measures 10.7 metres (north-south) by 11.7 metres, has an internal diameter of 7.2 metres. Levelled into the hillslope it is built from large facing slabs and boulders although most have fallen and the west side has been effaced. The position of the entrance is not obvious.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A C-shaped stony bank is visible.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5663 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A C-shaped stony bank is visible.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A spread bank is identifiable as an earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Clearly visible on the aerial photography.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM-40 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 20/10/2019. Site description is good. No real damaging agents. Walkers, cyclists and horse riders pass through and by the site. The area is lightly grazed. Just south of site is a wide lightly used path which is grassed with no obvious wear. Overall condition good. Photo x3 taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM-40 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo 1: Overall view looking N. Photo 2: Overall view looing E. Photo 3: View of track passing S of hut circle looking SE.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.


A bank up to circa 2.5m wide is visible as a reverse C-shaped earthwork under scrub vegetation on aerial photographs of 1964, enclosing a roughly circular hollow or terrace up to circa 6m across on the north-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor.
The bank remains visible as an earthwork on visualisations derived from low resolution lidar data captured in 2013, which might support the interpretation that a bank survives to the west of the hollow as a low, spread feature.
The bank and hollow are more clearly visible on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 to 2016, on which stone settings are also identifiable within surviving, south-eastern section of bank.
The visible earthwork is interpreted as the remains of a hut circle of Bronze Age date that probably predates the adjacent reave earthwork.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 105-6, fig 48.5.
SDV144058Article in Serial: Collis, J.. 1983. Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 41. A5 Paperback. 59 60 fig 6.
SDV147593Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1973. Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 105. Unknown. 90 map.
SDV150218Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56SE49. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV152488Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1978. NMR SX5563. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3/223.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013. [Mapped feature: #123407 ]
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM-40.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0381-0382 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM-40.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5663 01-JUN-2002.

Associated Monuments

MDV43443Related to: Hut circle in reave system west of Saddlesborough (Monument)
MDV2573Related to: Saddlesborough Reave, Shaugh Moor and Shaden moor (Monument)
MDV2590Related to: Shaugh Moor parallel reave field system (Monument)
MDV2434Related to: Stone row north-west of Saddlesborough (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 17 2019 4:10PM