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HER Number:MDV4348
Name:Enclosure with a hut circle in the Erme Valley, Cornwood

Summary

Small enclosure with a hut circle in the Erme Valley shown as 'Homestead' on modern mapping

Location

Grid Reference:SX 641 615
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork and structural remains of at least six hut circles and an enclosure in the Erme Valley

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/86
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure and hut circle shown on 19th century map.

Brooking-Rowe, J., 1894, 6th Report of the Committee on Devonshire Records, 86 (Article in Serial). SDV157021.

Baring Gould, S., 1900, A Book of Dartmoor, 48 (Monograph). SDV277387.

Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2494, 50 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147533.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66SW50, 12/4/1950 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV157019.

Small enclosure and hut circle. In the Erme Valley. (SX 64206155 - Enclosure, SX 64186159 - Hut Circle A. and SX 64226154 - Hut Circle B).

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible on the Royal Air Force aerial photographs.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 43-44, Map 54, Figure 54.4 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Enclosure 'D' at 'Stalldown South-east 2' with an associated hut circle on the east side.

GetMapping, 1999 - 2000, Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital) (Aerial Photograph). SDV345751.

Darker patch on the aerial photograph appears to be the enclosure / hut circle.

National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, Accessed 16/09/2016 (Website). SDV359354.

Situated on the south east slopes of Stall Down at 274.0 metres OD are two hut circles, one with an enclosure attached.
The enclosure has rubble walling, 1.8 metres wide and 0.6 metres high with no obvious entrance, and is attached to the west side of a Type 2 hut of 5.5 metres internal diameter with walling 1.5 metres thick and 0.6 metres high. The interior of the hut is level and there is an entrance in the south east.
At SX 64226157 is the remains of a Type 2 hut of internal diameter 7.0 metres with walling 1.2 metres wide and 0.4 metres high. Poor condition prevents identification of the entrance.
Nothing now remains of the hut at SX 64186159, which may have been destroyed for roadstone. Fragmentary remains of fields are visible amongst the thick bracken and are probably part of the field system of SX 66 SW 49. Revised 1:10 000 on MSD and AM (citing Field Investigators Comments, F1 NJA, 03/08/1977).

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Enclosure shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A small oval prehistoric enclosure with a single hut circle incorporated into the walls, on the lower slopes of Stall Down; part of a large concentration of huts and enclosures spread across this location. The enclosure walls comprise spread stony turf-covered banks with some large boulders surviving above the turf. The internal space covers 0.06 hectares. A ruined hut circle built into the eastern end of the enclosure survives as a low spread circular bank with some visible stone and an approximate diameter of 6.5 metres. The site was recorded while beneath summer braken and too densely covered for precise description or measurement.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

Enclosure and hut circle shown on modern mapping as 'Homestead'.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV147533Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2494. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 50.
SDV157019Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66SW50. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 12/4/1950.
SDV157021Article in Serial: Brooking-Rowe, J.. 1894. 6th Report of the Committee on Devonshire Records. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 26. Unknown. 86.
SDV277387Monograph: Baring Gould, S.. 1900. A Book of Dartmoor. A Book of Dartmoor. Unknown. 48.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 43-44, Map 54, Figure 54.4.
SDV345751Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999 - 2000. Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital). Digital.
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. Accessed 16/09/2016.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #117252 ]
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV127994Parent of: Hut circle within the boundary wall of prehistoric enclosure in the Erme Valley, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4350Related to: Four prehistoric hut circles near small enclosure in the Erme Valley, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4349Related to: Isolated prehistoric hut circle in the Erme Valley, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4347Related to: Prehistoric settlement west of the River Erme, Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Apr 17 2020 1:48PM