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HER Number:MDV4351
Name:Enclosure on the west side of track in the Erme Valley below Stalldown, Cornwood


Enclosure on the west side of track in the Erme Valley below Stalldown with an internal division and two hut circles. This is part of the larger multiple Enclosure 'B' (Butler) divided by the later track


Grid Reference:SX 639 614
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66SE51
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 442327
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/89
  • Old SAM County Ref: 817
  • Old SAM Ref: 10515

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure with two hut circles shown on 19th century map.

Brooking-Rowe, J., 1894, 6th Report of the Committee on Devonshire Records, 86 (Article in Serial). SDV157021.

Baring Gould, S., 1900, A Book of Dartmoor, 48 (Monograph). SDV277387.

Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2494, 3049-51 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147533.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6361, 2-3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV138823.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

National Monument Record, 1976, SX6461, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147975.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX66SW51 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV167066.

(26/07/1977) Centred SX 63976143. This settlement consists of 5 enclosures with 4 associated hut circles and 3 detached hut circles on a moderate, well drained, southeast facing slope at 275m, above OD.
SX 63976145 Two adjacent enclosures; 40m by 20m and 35m by 25m, of which the southern is probably the earlier. They have lynchetted walls, about 1.5m wide and in fair condition, built of a double row of orthostats. The two associated Type 2 hut circles, with average internal diameters of 6.5m and walls 1.4m wide, are set into the slope and have south east facing entrances. The south hut is built against, and is contemporary with or later than the enclosure, whilst the north hut is built on the wall line and probably predates it.
SX 6400 6142. This enclosure, 45m by about 40m, has been partly destroyed by the modern track. It has lynchetted walls, 1.4m wide, built of large boulders and is in very poor condition. A small yard 20m by 10m, with orthostatic wall 1.0m wide has been attached to the west side. A probable Type 2 hut circle is at the north east extremity of the enclosure. It has an internal diameter of 7.0m and a wall 1.3m wide, levelled into the hill side. It lies on the wall line, which it possibly predates.
SX 63926139 An oval enclosure measuring 30m by 20m with a wall, 1.5m wide, built of small boulders and in very poor condition. There is the possible remains of a Type 2 hut circle, internal diameter 7.5m integrated with the wall.
The three freestanding type 2 hut circles have an average internal diameter of 6.0m and walls 1.2m wide. They are terraced into the hillside and one has a possible south facing entrance. The modern track has partly destroyed one of the huts. There is no evidence of cultivation in the area which is generally free of boulders.
(Type 2 huts: SX 56 NE 71).
1:10 000 Survey revised on MSD.

Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Site visited on 30th June 1984.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Agglomerated enclosure visible, badly damaged by a modern track or road, with five elements containing four hut circles.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 42-3, Map 54, Figure 54.4 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Multiple Enclosure 'B' is subdivided into five compartments each with a fair sized hut across its boundary with diameters between 5.2 metres to 7.3 metres. The most northerly Hut 2 is uniquely entered from the top of the wall. Two smaller huts both of 4 metres diameter lie just outside the complex but are unconnected. These two adjoining enclosures are shown on the west side of the track.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Enclosure and hut circles shown on aerial photograph.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Enclosure shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A series of attached enclosures and five associated hut circles on the lower slopes of Stall Down: part of a large concentration of huts and enclosures spread across this location.The site was recorded whist under dense summer braken. The enclosures are transected by a modrrn track and it is assumed that the features both sides of the track once formed a single complex. To the west of the ttrack is an elongated enclosure with rounded ends and a central cross division totalling 0.12 hectares in area. On the west side the wall comprises a steep scarp of up to 1.8 metres high whilst the remaining walls are made up of turf-covered banks with boulders representing the remains of the structure. Both sub-divisions contain large hut circles comprising substantial stony banks with much stone surviving in situ.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

'Settlement' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England, 101274 (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

Two enclosures. The northern enclosure has a west east wall dividing. One hut circle in each sector. There is a small drystone walled enclosure to the south east 27.4 metres in diameter with a wall maximum 0.9 metres high.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138823Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6361. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 2-3.
SDV147533Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2494. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3049-51.
SDV147975Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX6461. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. 1.
SDV157021Article in Serial: Brooking-Rowe, J.. 1894. 6th Report of the Committee on Devonshire Records. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 26. Unknown. 86.
SDV167066Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX66SW51. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV277387Monograph: Baring Gould, S.. 1900. A Book of Dartmoor. A Book of Dartmoor. Unknown. 48.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 42-3, Map 54, Figure 54.4.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #117101 ]
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 101274.

Associated Monuments

MDV128014Parent of: Hut circle in northern section of prehistoric enclosure in the Erme Valley, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV128016Parent of: Hut circle in southern section of prehistoric enclosure in the Erme Valley, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV128020Parent of: Hut circle to south of prehistoric enclosure in the Erme Valley, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV128017Parent of: Hut circle to west of prehistoric enclosure in the Erme Valley, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV27887Related to: Enclosure with hut circle on the west side of the Erme Valley below Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV27888Related to: Hut circle to north of prehistoric settlement on the west side of the Erme Valley below Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV27807Related to: Hut circle within prehistoric enclosure on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV128025Related to: Hut on north side of enclosures east of track in the Erme Valley, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV15071Related to: Piles Reave in the Erme Valley, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV128023Related to: Prehistoric enclosures to the east of the track in the Erme Valley, Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Jan 24 2022 3:20PM