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HER Number:MDV4356
Name:Partial enclosure in prehistoric settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood

Summary

Partial enclosure with attached hut circle in unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House. The south-eastern section of this enclosure appears to have been destroyed by peat-cutting.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 637 631
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Bronze Age settlement north of Downing's House on Harford Moor consisting of three enclosures and at least sixteen hut circles

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/94
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1977, SX66SW14 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV155458.

One of two enclosures and 15 hut circles in poor condition. (1950)
An enclosure of which the south-eastern side has been destroyed by peat-cutting. It now measures 45.0 by 30.0 meters. No entrance is visible. Built on the outside of the enclosure is a hut. The huts extend between this enclosure and SX66SW/75. There is no associated field system.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6363, 2, 4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV156571.

Incomplete or partly robbed enclosure. Less than 0.1 hectares.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

The enclosure is visible, with one hut circle attached to its outer wall. Fourteen other hut circles are visible including those at SX63676329 and SX63716307.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 51-52, Map 54, Figure 54.12 (Monograph). SDV337765.

This enclosure (A) is incomplete - the south-eastern section is missing. One hut circle is attached to the south-western corner of the pound, the diameter of which is 4.0 meters.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

The fragment of enclosure and the main attached hut circle are clearly seen but it is possible that there may be more hut circles associated with this pound.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Enclosure shown on modern mapping.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Three sides of an enclosure shown on modern mapping.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1, Figure 15 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

An enclosure which forms part of a dispersed prehistoric settlement (MDV4332) on the north-west slope of Stall Down, approximately 180 metres west of the River Erme, on a moderate slope. The enclosure is an incomplete sub-rectangle of 0.015 hectares, with walls of spread, turf-covered stony banks, up to 2.6 metres wide, mostly lower than 0.3 metres high. A small hut circle is attached to the western exterior.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV155458Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1977. SX66SW14. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV156571Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6363. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. 2, 4.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 51-52, Map 54, Figure 54.12.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #123550 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV127177Parent of: Hut circle attached to enclosure in prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127177Related to: Hut circle attached to enclosure in prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4332Part of: Unenclosed hut circle settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV79061Related to: Circular enclosure in prehistoric settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV28109Related to: Enclosure in settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127177Parent of: Hut circle attached to enclosure in prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127177Related to: Hut circle attached to enclosure in prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127169Related to: Hut circle between two enclosures in prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127175Related to: Hut circle in northern part of prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127174Related to: Hut circle in north-west part of prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127164Related to: Hut circle in the south of the unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127165Related to: Hut circle in the south-west of the unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127170Related to: Hut circle to north-east of enclosure in prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127173Related to: Hut circle to north-west of enclosure in prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127176Related to: Hut circle to north-west of enclosure in prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127167Related to: Hut circle to the north of an enclosure in prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127166Related to: Hut circle to the north-west of an enclosure in prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127168Related to: Hut circle to the north-west of an enclosure in prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127163Related to: Two hut circles attached to an enclosure in settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127171Related to: Two hut circles to north of enclosure in prehistoric unenclosed settlement north of Downing's House, Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Jan 3 2020 12:50PM