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HER Number:MDV4358
Name:Enclosed hut settlement on the Penn Moor contour reave east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood

Summary

Enclosed hut settlement on the Penn Moor contour reave to the east of Penn Beacon containing eight hut circles with three others associated with it

Location

Grid Reference:SX 602 628
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66SW40
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/96
  • Old SAM County Ref: 445
  • Old SAM Ref: 10782

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Seven 'Hut Circles' shown within an oval enclosure on 19th century map interupting the east to west reave with two more huts shown on the reave to the east.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66SW40, SX66SW40, Plan (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV154491.

Visited on 30th March 1950. Pound and hut circles, south east of Penn Beacon.
Visited on 17th August 1977. As described by Fleming and Collis. The settlement is earlier than or contemporary with the construction of Penn Moor Reave. No associated fields or plots are visible.

Fleming, A. + Collis, J. + Jones, R. L., 1973, A Late Prehistoric Reave System near Cholwich Town, Dartmoor, 13, Plan, Figures 5-6 (Article in Serial). SDV358808.

Visited in April 1972. Approximately circular though irregular enclosure. One definite entrance to the north-west. Inside the enclosure seven free-standing huts and one attached to the wall. Outside, an outlying hut is attached to Penn Moor Reave.

National Monuments Record, 1976, SX6062, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV142425.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Sub-circular enclosure visible incorporated within Penn Moor Reave. Seven hut circles visible freestanding inside the enclosure, with four attached to walls. Three hut circles are close to, or attached to, Penn Moor Reave (two to the east one to the south), and one hut circle lies just outside the southern perimeter of the enclosure.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 178-9, Map 52, Figure 52.4 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Oval enclosure to the east of Penn Beacon of 62 metres by 70 metres which interupts the reave. Eight hut circles are crowded into the western half with two more built against the reave to the east and another a few metres south of the enclosure. Numeruos pits and fractured blocks scattered over the hillside show that a considerable amount of moorstone has been gathered from the vicinity as well as from the interior of the pound. A particularly large pit breaks the southern perimeter wall which was not constructed with the usual precision. The width between facing slabs varying between 1 nd 2 metres apart and now spread to 3 metres in places. Only one gap in the boundary wall is without displaced stones and so likely to be the original entrance which is on the eastern side of the enclosure on the northern side of the junction with the reave.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosure and hut circles visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

Enclosure shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1012805 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

The enclosed hut settlement, known as Penn Moor Settlement, consists of a sub-circular bank enclosing at least eight stone hut circles. Two further hut circles lie to the east of the enclosed settlement, attached to the south side of the reave.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 178-9, Map 52, Figure 52.4.
SDV142425Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. SX6062. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2.
SDV154491Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66SW40. OSAD Card. Card Index. SX66SW40, Plan.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV358808Article in Serial: Fleming, A. + Collis, J. + Jones, R. L.. 1973. A Late Prehistoric Reave System near Cholwich Town, Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Exploration Society. 31. Unknown. 13, Plan, Figures 5-6.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #132499 ]
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1012805.

Associated Monuments

MDV131198Parent of: Hut circle to east of enclosure east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV131199Parent of: Hut circle to east of enclosure east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV131200Parent of: Hut circle to east of enclosure east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV131190Parent of: Hut circle within enclosure east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV131191Parent of: Hut circle within enclosure east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV131192Parent of: Hut circle within enclosure east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV131193Parent of: Hut circle within enclosure east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV131194Parent of: Hut circle within enclosure east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV131195Parent of: Hut circle within enclosure east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV131196Parent of: Hut circle within enclosure east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV131197Parent of: Hut circle within enclosure east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV15069Related to: Penn Moor Reave East, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV15058Related to: Penn Moor Reave West (Monument)
MDV45129Related to: Stone hut circle south of Penn Moor enclosed stone hut settlement (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 28 2021 11:16AM