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HER Number:MDV4362
Name:Unenclosed hut circle settlement west of Ford Brook, Cornwood

Summary

Scattered unenclosed hut circle settlement of at least 12 circular huts and several enclosures to the west of Ford Brook

Location

Grid Reference:SX 604 626
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66SW39
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/100
  • Old SAM County Ref: 444/20492(P)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC? to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Dick, A. M., Settlement west of Ford Brook (Report - Survey). SDV156240.

Scheduled document of 1960 stated 'scattered settlement of at least 12 circular huts, some of them being very large. Possibly romano-british as opposed to the bronze age/iron age settlements nearby. Later rectangular house on south edge of area. Moorland'
Scheduled in 1960 as SAM 444. Revised in 1992 under schedules SAM 10772-10779and 10781 includes enclosure and 8 hut circles the remaining 4 hut circles cited by ancient monuments in 1960 have been effectively descheduled.
The 1993 revision of the 1992 schedule appears to reinstate the 4 descheduled hut circles.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Twelve 'Hut Circles' and one enclosure shown on 19th century map.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66SW39, SX66SW39 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV156241.

National Monuments Record, 1976, SX6062, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV142425.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Eleven freestanding hut circles are visible on aerial photograph on open ground.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset. (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Visited on 6th May 1993.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosure and hut circles visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

Enclosure and ten hut circles shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1015428, 1013175, 1008643 & 1008644 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument includes 11 stone hut circles and a sub-circular enclosure situated on a south east facing slope overlooking the valley of the Ford Brook. The interior of the enclosure measures 60 metres long by 55 metres wide and is defined by a double faced 3 metres wide and 0.5 metres high rubble wall. An entrance survives as a gap in the surrounding wall and faces north east. Two stone hut circles are built across the northern line of the enclosure boundary wall. The eastern hut survives as a 5 metres diameter and 0.4 metres deep circular hollow terraced into the hillslope. The western hut includes a faced stone and earth wall 2 metres wide and 0.6 metres high surrounding the interior which measures 6.3 metres in diameter. The remaining huts lie outside the enclosure. One hut lies north of the enclosure and survives as a bank of stone and earth 1 metre wide and 0.8 metres high surrounding a 5 metres diameter circular internal area. The other eight huts are clustered together in the area south west of the enclosure and their internal diameters vary between 4 metres and 7.3 metres with the average being 5.61 metres. The height of the surrounding walls varies between 0.4 metres and 1.2 metres with the average being 0.81 metres. Six of the huts have visible doorways. Stone hut circles and enclosures lying to the north west, south west and south east are the subject of seperate schedulings under Numbers 1013175, 1008643 and 1008644.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV142425Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. SX6062. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1.
SDV156240Report - Survey: Dick, A. M.. Settlement west of Ford Brook. Devon County Council.
SDV156241Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66SW39. OSAD Card. Card Index. SX66SW39.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #132520 ]
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1015428, 1013175, 1008643 & 1008644.

Associated Monuments

MDV12423Parent of: Enclosure divided by a leat in unenclosed hut circle settlement west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4281Parent of: Enclosure west of Ford Brook and 740 metres south-east of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV27921Parent of: Enclosure west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV50908Parent of: Hut circle in unenclosed settlement west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV45130Parent of: Hut circle to the north of enclosure west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV131201Parent of: Hut circle within enclosure west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV131202Parent of: Hut circle within enclosure west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4282Parent of: Hut circle within unenclosed settlement west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV45132Parent of: Hut circle within unenclosed settlement west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV45133Parent of: Hut circle within unenclosed settlement west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV45134Parent of: Hut circle within unenclosed settlement west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV50909Parent of: Hut circle within unenclosed settlement west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV50910Parent of: Hut circle within unenclosed settlement west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV50912Parent of: Hut circle within unenclosed settlement west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV50913Parent of: Hut circle within unenclosed settlement west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV50914Parent of: Hut circle within unenclosed settlement west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV104954Related to: Broken granite trough in hut circle at High House Waste, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV13240Related to: Enclosure west of Ford Brook, Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 4 2021 10:42AM