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HER Number:MDV43721
Name:8 Fore Street, Cullompton

Summary

Half timbered three storey house with cob and stone mix to side and rear. Important and intact survival of a 17th century Devon merchant's townhouse.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 020 072
Map Sheet:ST00NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCullompton
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCULLOMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: ST00NW14
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: ST00NW/66
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II*): 95285

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HOUSE (XVII - 1601 AD to 1700 AD (Between))

Full description

Tiverton District Council, 1978, Cullompton Conservation Area, 6 (Report - non-specific). SDV41951.


Department of Environment, 1986, Cullompton, 65 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV336339.

Solicitor's offices, formerly a merchant's town house, 17th century. Half timbered, with cob and stone mix to side and rear, plastered, under gabled-end slate roof, and abutting the property to the left. L-shaped plan, with rear wing, the one-room deep main range facing the street. The house appears to conform to merchant-house plan type with shop and storage area on the ground floor, and main rooms on the first floor. Main range of three storeys, rear wing of two. Left-hand end stack and another at junction of main range and wing, both with brick shafts.
Front: except for the altered ground floor, a symmetrical 17th century range: upper floors with exposed close studding and horizontal bar, the upper part of the first floor with plaster coving concealing jetty; these two storeys divided one from the other by decorative frieze. Second floor: horizontal rail broken by three three-light casement windows, lintels at eaves level, each light with 20 leaded panes. First floor: studding below coving takes the form of ionic pilasters and broken by two six-light windows. Some crown glass survives. Ground floor: 19th century refacing under slated pentice; left hand side brought out with two-light window; right-hand side with two-light sash window. Vehicular entrance between. Right-hand side elevation with no windows.
Rear: one two-light window and a single-light window above vehicular entrance.
Interior: first floor (two rooms) with two moulded axial beams; moulded mullions, and one big internal upright support to each window. Newel staircase to rear with octagonal newel and moulded finial. Attic with original floorboards, two door frames, and post and wattle internal partitions.
Roof: three bays, purlins trenched into principals; apex carpentry not visible. No 8 Fore Street is an important and intact survival of a 17th century Devon merchant's townhouse.


Morton, R., 2007, Land at Station Road Cullompton, Devon. Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment for Tesco Stores Ltd, 7,17 (Report - Assessment). SDV338659.


Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants, 2009, The Walronds, Cullompton, Devon. A Conservation Management Plan for The Cullompton Walronds Preservation Trust. Consultation Draft, 22, 26, 27; figures 3, 21 (Report - non-specific). SDV344797.

Now called the Merchant's House, the building is dated to the early 17th century on stylistic grounds. Shown on a painting of circa 1825 with a thatched roof. The Merchant's House together with The Walronds and The Manor House represent perhaps the finest piece of early 17th century streetscape to survive in any Devon town.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.


James, T., 2011, The Proposed Cullompton Town Centre Enhancement Scheme, Fore Street, Cullompton, Devon: Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Assessment, 4, 6-7; figure 2, site B5; plates 3, 7 (Report - Assessment). SDV347743.


National Monuments Record, 2012, 898793 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV338707.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336339List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1986. Cullompton. Historic Houses Register. A4 Comb Bound. 65.
SDV338659Report - Assessment: Morton, R.. 2007. Land at Station Road Cullompton, Devon. Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment for Tesco Stores Ltd. Cotswold Archaeology Report. 07059. A4 Stapled + Digital. 7,17.
SDV338707National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2012. 898793. National Monuments Record Database. Website.
SDV344797Report - non-specific: Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants. 2009. The Walronds, Cullompton, Devon. A Conservation Management Plan for The Cullompton Walronds Preservation Trust. Consultation Draft. Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants Report. K/770. A4 Stapled + Digital. 22, 26, 27; figures 3, 21.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #91876 ]
SDV347743Report - Assessment: James, T.. 2011. The Proposed Cullompton Town Centre Enhancement Scheme, Fore Street, Cullompton, Devon: Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Assessment. AC Archaeology Report. ACD247/1/0. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4, 6-7; figure 2, site B5; plates 3, 7.
SDV41951Report - non-specific: Tiverton District Council. 1978. Cullompton Conservation Area. Tiverton District Council Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 6.

Associated Monuments

MDV1408Related to: The Manor Hotel, Cullompton (Building)
MDV1410Related to: The Walronds, Cullompton (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4777 - Conservation Management Plan for The Walronds, Cullompton

Date Last Edited:Jan 7 2015 3:13PM