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HER Number:MDV4387
Name:Partly enclosed stone hut circle settlement on Kennon Hill

Summary

Enclosures and hut circles of uncertain date noted on air photos. The western part of the settlement consists of an agglomerated enclosure containing at least 13 irregular shaped areas. each defined by lengths of rubble walling. At least 22 stone hut circles lie within the enclosure. The enclosure wall appears to be latter linking a number of the huts. In the areas to the east and south are three unenclosed hut circles and further to the east are two further huts linked by a length of rubble walling. There is a small oval enclosure denoting the eastern edge of the settlement.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 641 890
Map Sheet:SX68NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishThrowleigh
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTHROWLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX68NW4
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 443698
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68NW/21
  • Old SAM Ref: 28656

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))
  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2082, 4382-3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV221887.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX68NW4 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV242684.

(16/08/1950) Hut circles and enclosures, in position as shown on field sheet, [area centred at SX64208900].
Enclosures: The walls of the enclosures are very fragmentary, only a few stones remain. The average height of the walls is 0.3m.
Hut circles:
A: Diameter 5.0m. Wall is circa 0.4m high and is composed of heather-covered stones. Possible entrance on the SW.
B: Diameter 4.0m. Remains of hut circle, possible entrance to north.
C: The same condition as A. 5.0m diameter.
D: Diameter 4.0m. Wall composed of large stones. No obvious entrance.
E: Diameter 4.5m. Very fragmentary walling consisting of few stones. No visible entrance.
F: Remains of 2 hut circles, diameter of each being 4.0m. Stone walling and no obvious entrance.
G: Diameter 4.0m. In fragmentary condition with no obvious entrance.
H: Diameter 4.5m. Wall is composed of heather-covered stones. In poor condition and no entrance visible.
I: Same as H, but with 4.0m diameter.
J: Diameter 4.5m. Wall is composed of usual turf-covered stones and is circa 0.3m high. Possible entrance at north.
K: Diameter 5.5m, otherwise same as J, except that entrance is to the SE.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible in 1947 RAF aerial photograph. Agglomerate enclosure with three hut circles incorporated into its walls, another three attached to the internal wall and one attached to the external wall. There are a further two discreet hut circles within the enclosure and one outside at SX 64208902.

Price, D. G., 1985, Changing Perceptions of Prehistoric Tinning on Dartmoor, 129-138 (Article in Serial). SDV215975.

Ancient Monuments, 1997, Schedule note (Schedule Document). SDV242687.

Partly enclosed hut settlement on Kennon Hill. Western part includes agglomerated enclosure containing at least 13 irregular areas each defined by lengths of rubble wall. At least 22 huts lie within the agglomerated enclosure and of these, 3 are free standing, 3 are butted to the walling and the remainder are linked by lengths of enclosure wall. Those linked to the enclosure wall are clearly earlier than the enclosure, whilst those butted to it are later. The enclosure shows obvious signs of having developed over time and was added to a previously unenclosed settlement. In the area east and south of the agglomerated enclosures are 3 unenclosed hut circles and further to east are 2 further huts linked by a length of rubble wall. A small oval enclosure denoting the eastern edge of the settlement measures 12m by 10m and is defined by a 1.4m wide, 0.7m high rubble bank containing occasional orthostats.
The hut circles within the settlement all survive as banks surrounding circular or oval areas varying from 3.46 square m to 52.78 square metres, with the average being 18.48 square metres. Walls vary 0.3m to 1.3m high, averaging 0.6m. Eleven huts have visible doorways and the orthostatic rubble bank and coursed walling traditions are all represented.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV215975Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1985. Changing Perceptions of Prehistoric Tinning on Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 117. 129-138.
SDV221887Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2082. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 4382-3.
SDV242684Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX68NW4. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV242687Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1997. Schedule note. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown. [Mapped feature: #137032 copied from EH SAM GIS layer, ]
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Apr 25 2022 8:57AM