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HER Number:MDV44568
Name:Submerged Forest, Westward Ho!

Summary

In 1863 the stumps of 70-80 large trees were visible which were part of the Prehistoric submerged forest at Westward Ho! In 2002 evidence of only a few trees remained.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 429 295
Map Sheet:SS42NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishNortham
DistrictTorridge
Ecclesiastical ParishNORTHAM

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 33063
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS42NW/1/3
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SS42NW2

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • SUBMARINE FOREST (Mesolithic to Late Neolithic - 8000 BC to 2201 BC (Between))

Full description

Hall, T. M., 1863-1872, Privately printed manuscript (Monograph). SDV6210.

In 1863 the stumps of 70-80 large trees were visible.


Ellis, H. S., 1868, On some mammalian bones and teeth found in the submerged forest at Northam, 162 (Article in Serial). SDV10003.

Submerged forest. Bones and teeth of mammalia found in the peat, associated with flint flakes, flint cores and large quantities of comminuted shells, principally oyster and cockle.


Rogers, I., 1908, On the Submerged Forest at Westward Ho! Bideford Bay, 249-59 (Article in Serial). SDV6208.

Author unearthed trunk of oak, the type of tree of which the forest had been predominantly composed. Also finds of seeds of many plants, which are listed. Evidence that forest must have been overrun by animals.


Worth, R. H., 1934, An antler from the submerged forest at Westward Ho!, 127 (Article in Serial). SDV10006.

Find of exposed red deer antler, 0.3 metres long, partially buried in peat. No traces of human handiwork. Other details: Figure 1, Plate 7.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1954 - 1974, SS42NW2 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV10009.

Prehistoric submerged forest exposed in the winter of 1863-4. The site could not be located in 1953-4.


Johnson, N. + David, A., 1982, A mesolithic site on Trevose Head and contemporary geography, 95 (Article in Serial). SDV6219.


Berridge, P. + Roberts, A., 1986, The Mesolithic period in Cornwall, 11 (Article in Serial). SDV10024.


Balaam, N. D. et al, 1987, Studies in palaeoeconomy and environment in South West England: Prehistoric and Romano British sites at Westward Ho!, Devon, 163-264 (Monograph). SDV322416.


Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J., 1993, Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements, 4 (Report - Assessment). SDV4711.


Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J., 1993, Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements, Part 1: Southern Routes, 4 (Report - Assessment). SDV4712.


Dick, A. M., 1994, Westward Ho! Mesolithic Deposits (Ground Photograph). SDV836.

Part of fossilised tree trunk visible at approximately SS43142942.


Nayling, N., 2002, Email re Westward Ho! (Correspondence). SDV6212.

Site visited in March 2001. A sample of oak was taken from the upper peat layer at NGR SS43162957 and two oak samples were taken from lower peat layer at NGR SS42962951 and one from SS42982952. These were recovered for tree ring dating. A sample was taken of the lower peat layer to study the beetles present. Other details: Visited 3/2001.


Riley, H., 2002, Inter-tidal deposits at Westward Ho!, Northam, 3-5 (Report - Survey). SDV322401.

Five areas of peat were surveyed at Westward Ho! by English Heritage in 2002. The survey found substantial erosion had occured since 1984 particularly on the seaward edges of the peat & the midden deposits had disappeared. The largest area of peat (Area B), known as the 'outer peat' centred at this location remained to the northwest of the midden site. The area of peat was 45 metres north to south x 30 metres east to west with the peat eroding and cut by channels forming linear peat islands along the southern edge. Wood and tree stumps were identified in Area B as well as a row of four small wooden stakes on the north-eastern corner of the peat exposure. A long piece of wood was also identified to the northeast in Area E at SS43152956. Other details: Figures 2,4 and 5.


Horner, W., 2002, Slide (Photograph). SDV6227.


Horner, W., 2002, Westward Ho! (Personal Comment). SDV6213.

Submerged forest visible in both lower and upper peat exposures. Some fresh damage including complete section removed from oak in upper peat.


Natural Environment Research Council, 2003, Mesolithic to Neolithic coastal environmental change c6500-3500 cal BC (Report - Survey). SDV9998.

Site visited on the 27th and 28th April 2002. Context recording of the oak trunk on the inner peat (SS4298029519), that was previously sampled for dendrochronology was undertaken. Sampling for pollen and plant macrofossil analysis carried out on exposed section adjacent to dendrochronolgy sample point.


Jones, G., 2007, Petrified Forest at Westward Ho! North Devon (Ground Photograph). SDV340177.

Submerged forest exposed at low tide. Other details: Saved digitally at P:\Culture\Archaeology\Images\Ground\SS\SS42NW.


Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 184 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.

In 1863 the stumps of 70-80 large trees were visible which were part of the submerged forest at Westward Ho! In 2002 evidence of only a few trees remained.


Passmore, A. J., 2009, Braunton Burrows Higher Level Environmental Stewardship Scheme. Archaeological Survey 2009 (Report - Survey). SDV344652.


Mills, A., 2009, Flint Found at Westward Ho! (Correspondence). SDV344218.

A Mesolithic flint tool was found on the beach at Westward Ho! in 2009.


National Monuments Record, 2010, 33063 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV344221.

Other details: SS42NW2.


Heathcote, J. + Campbell, G., 2013, NHPP 3A5 Identification of Wetland/Waterlogged Sites. 6240 Exceptional Waterlogged Heritage. Stage 1: Inventory, 25 (Report - non-specific). SDV357296.

No other similar sites in SW and a nationally important site. Mesolithic and later –including footprints. Former wet woodland and fen, now in the intertidal zone, Midden with flint artefacts, animal bone, plant environmental proxies.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV10003Article in Serial: Ellis, H. S.. 1868. On some mammalian bones and teeth found in the submerged forest at Northam. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 2. A5 Hardback. 162.
SDV10006Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1934. An antler from the submerged forest at Westward Ho!. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 66. A5 Hardback. 127.
SDV10009Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1954 - 1974. SS42NW2. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV10024Article in Serial: Berridge, P. + Roberts, A.. 1986. The Mesolithic period in Cornwall. Cornish Archaeology. 25. Paperback Volume. 11.
SDV322401Report - Survey: Riley, H.. 2002. Inter-tidal deposits at Westward Ho!, Northam. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. AI/18/2002. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3-5.
SDV322416Monograph: Balaam, N. D. et al. 1987. Studies in palaeoeconomy and environment in South West England: Prehistoric and Romano British sites at Westward Ho!, Devon. British Archaeological Reports. 181. Unknown. 163-264.
SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 184.
SDV340177Ground Photograph: Jones, G.. 2007. Petrified Forest at Westward Ho! North Devon. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV344218Correspondence: Mills, A.. 2009. Flint Found at Westward Ho!. E-mail and attached photographs. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV344221National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2010. 33063. National Monuments Record Index. Website.
SDV344652Report - Survey: Passmore, A. J.. 2009. Braunton Burrows Higher Level Environmental Stewardship Scheme. Archaeological Survey 2009. Exeter Archaeology Report. 09.113. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV357296Report - non-specific: Heathcote, J. + Campbell, G.. 2013. NHPP 3A5 Identification of Wetland/Waterlogged Sites. 6240 Exceptional Waterlogged Heritage. Stage 1: Inventory. English Heritage. N/A. Digital. 25.
SDV4711Report - Assessment: Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J.. 1993. Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 93.25. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4.
SDV4712Report - Assessment: Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J.. 1993. Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements, Part 1: Southern Routes. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 93.32. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4.
SDV6208Article in Serial: Rogers, I.. 1908. On the Submerged Forest at Westward Ho! Bideford Bay. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 40. A5 Hardback. 249-59.
SDV6210Monograph: Hall, T. M.. 1863-1872. Privately printed manuscript. Unknown.
SDV6212Correspondence: Nayling, N.. 2002. Email re Westward Ho!. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV6213Personal Comment: Horner, W.. 2002. Westward Ho!. A4 Single Sheet.
SDV6219Article in Serial: Johnson, N. + David, A.. 1982. A mesolithic site on Trevose Head and contemporary geography. Cornish Archaeology. 21. Unknown. 95.
SDV6227Photograph: Horner, W.. 2002. Slide.
SDV836Ground Photograph: Dick, A. M.. 1994. Westward Ho! Mesolithic Deposits. Photograph (Paper) + Digital.
SDV9998Report - Survey: Natural Environment Research Council. 2003. Mesolithic to Neolithic coastal environmental change c6500-3500 cal BC. Natural Environment Research Council Project. NER/A/S/2000/00490. A4 Stapled + Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV76285Related to: Mesolithic Flint tool from Westward Ho! (Find Spot)
MDV468Related to: Mesolithic Tools from Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV50845Related to: Peat Deposit at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV53224Related to: Peat Deposit at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV102445Related to: Peat deposits, Westard Ho! (Monument)
MDV14854Related to: Shell Middens at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV107372Related to: Submerged Forest, Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV107435Related to: Submerged Forest, Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV71573Related to: Westward Ho!, Peat Deposit (Monument)
MDV71574Related to: Westward Ho!, Peat Deposit (Monument)
MDV71575Related to: Westward Ho!, Peat Deposit (Monument)
MDV44569Related to: Wooden Stakes at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV44571Related to: Wooden Stakes at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV44570Related to: Wooden Stakes at Westward Ho, (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV395 - ANIMAL REMAINS (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD)

Associated Events

  • EDV1993 - Unnamed Event
  • EDV1994 - Unnamed Event
  • EDV1995 - Mesolithic to Neolithic coastal environmental change c6500-3500 cal BC
  • EDV1996 - Archaeological assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge tidal waters improvements
  • EDV1997 - Archaeological assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge tidal waters improvements Part 1: Southern routes
  • EDV1998 - Slide
  • EDV1999 - Inter-tidal deposits at Westward Ho!, Northam
  • EDV4737 - Stewardship Scheme Archaeological Survey, Braunton Burrows

Date Last Edited:Jul 23 2015 3:48PM