HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV4463
Name:The Great Sea Bank, Braunton Marsh

Summary

A massive bank, known as the Great Sea Bank, was constructed between Broad Sands and Marstage Farm, to reclaim 382 hectares of marsh. The work was carried out between 1811 and 1815.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 476 341
Map Sheet:SS43SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBraunton
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBRAUNTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS43SE/12

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • SEA DEFENCES (Built, XIX - 1811 AD to 1815 AD (Between))

Full description

Slee, A. H., 1968, Braunton Marshes, 104-6 (Article in Serial). SDV341184.

An embankment 3 miles long, from near Vellator to near Broadsands, to arrest the tidal waters, was first put in hand. Thousands of tons of stones and boulders were used in the embankment, which was divided into five sections by well-constructed walls, with a footpath at the summit. Four stiles were placed over the boundary walls and gates on the roadway beneath, leading into each section. The embankments were grassed and became fine sheep-grazing lands.


Parkinson, M., 1976, Braunton Marsh, 51-2 (Article in Serial). SDV341099.

The continuance of Braunton Marsh in its reclaimed condition depended entirely on maintaining the Great Sea Wall intact, and in the years immediately following reclamation there were strict regulations concerning its protection. Once a close sward was established on the bank, grazing by a limited number of sheep was regarded as the best way of managing it, as it is today.


Turpin, J. W., 1982, Braunton Great Field and Marshes, 7 (Report - non-specific). SDV341027.

A massive bank, known as the Great Sea Bank, was constructed between Broad Sands and Marstage Farm, to reclaim 382 hectares (945 acres) of marsh. The work was carried out between 1811 and 1815 at an estimated cost of £20,000. A series of delphs were constructed to drain the marshes and discharge the water via the Great Sluice. Stiles divide the sea bank into grazing sections.


Manning, C., 2007, Braunton Marsh Management Study 2007, 4 (Report - non-specific). SDV341104.

The construction works were divided into sections, with those landowners who would gain direct benefit lending the money for the works. The loans would be paid back from the proceeds made from selling various plots of land after the reclamation was complete. Records suggest that work on the embankments had progressed rapidly by 1813, when the first sales of land were held, with the final stages of reclamation work completed by 1815.


Wessex Archaeology, 2007, RMB Chivenor Flood Defence Scheme Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment, 10 (Report - Assessment). SDV342125.

Other details: WA 25.


Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 1002 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.

Braunton marshes. Drainage scheme circa 1811-15. Massive sea wall on south east side runs from SS466329 to SS485353. Stone sluice with arched openings, piers and retaining walls. Area reclaimed less intensively probably in Medieval period.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 1002.
SDV341027Report - non-specific: Turpin, J. W.. 1982. Braunton Great Field and Marshes. Devon County Council Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 7.
SDV341099Article in Serial: Parkinson, M.. 1976. Braunton Marsh. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 108. A5 Paperback. 51-2.
SDV341104Report - non-specific: Manning, C.. 2007. Braunton Marsh Management Study 2007. Taw Torridge Estuary Forum Report. A4 Spiral Bound. 4.
SDV341184Article in Serial: Slee, A. H.. 1968. Braunton Marshes. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 100. A5 Paperback. 104-6.
SDV342125Report - Assessment: Wessex Archaeology. 2007. RMB Chivenor Flood Defence Scheme Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment. Wessex Archaeology Report. 67300.01. A4 Stapled + Digital. 10.

Associated Monuments

MDV17015Related to: Braunton Marsh (Monument)
MDV36837Related to: Stile on Braunton Sea Wall 200 metres north-east of the Great Sluice (Building)
MDV74676Related to: Stile on Braunton Sea Wall 400 metres south-west of the Great Sluice (Monument)
MDV36838Related to: Stile on Braunton Sea Wall 900 metres south-west of the Great Sluice (Monument)
MDV74673Related to: The Great Sluice, Braunton Marsh (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4490 - RMB Chivenor Flood Defence Scheme Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment

Date Last Edited:Feb 2 2017 2:48PM