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HER Number:MDV4525
Name:Roman Marching Camp north of The Barton, North Tawton I

Summary

The northern end of a temporary Roman military camp visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs. Part of a complex of large Roman military enclosures on the east bank of the River Taw.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 662 006
Map Sheet:SS60SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishNorth Tawton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishNORTH TAWTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS60SE/26
  • Old SAM Ref: 10384.03
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SS60SE18

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • TEMPORARY CAMP (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD (Between))

Full description

Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 05/12/2006, Proposed Works at Roman Forts, Marching Camps and Associated Monuments, North Tawton, Devon (Correspondence). SDV350304.

Scheduled monument consent for construction of a warehouse extension, associated road access, services, parking area and pond granted providing conditions recommended by English Heritage, and set out in the letter, are adhered to.


Unknown, 1840-1849, North Tawton (Cartographic). SDV274720.


Fox, A., 1961, Twenty-Fifth Report on the Archaeology and Early History of Devon, 168-177 (Article in Serial). SDV341693.


Lambert, M. J., 1973, Roads to the Roman Camp at North Tawton, 131-139 (Article in Serial). SDV274717.


Cambridge University, 1975, CUC/BTR, 18-22, 24 (Aerial Photograph). SDV274730.


Cambridge University, 1975, CUC/BUO, 8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV237834.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SS60SE18 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV274715.


St. Joseph, J. K. S., 1977, Untitled Source, 125 (Article in Serial). SDV274703.

Evidence of Roman campaigning in the south-west (the first temporary camps). Roman temporary camp, on the right side of the River Taw near North Tawton, about 500 metres north of the Roman road running east-west. To the south of the road is the fort. The whole of the north side is about 450 metres long, some 15 metres of east side, together with a rounded north-east angle and part of the curve of the north-west. Minimum area of 6.8 hectares.


Silvester, R. J., 1978, Cropmark Sites at North Tawton and Alverdiscott, 249-253 (Article in Serial). SDV274704.

Camp large enough to accommodate a full legion.


Maxfield, V. A., 1979, Roman Frontier Studies, 297 (Article in Serial). SDV274716.


Rivet, A. L. F. + Smith, C., 1979, The Place-Names of Roman Britain (Monograph). SDV274733.


Griffith, F. M., 1983, Untitled Source (Personal Comment). SDV343869.

Site visit 24th April 1983. Most of the western side of this camp has been removed or covered (since its discovery in 1975) by the construction of a series of very large barns or warehouses behind The Barton. Foundation pits for one of these inspected but no dating evidence found. All hedges in the area of the camp have been removed and it is under a grass crop. Nothing visible.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/AF, 2, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV237333.

Northwest corner of second camp visible to west of main camp on aerial photograph, also linear features (one double) to northwest.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/AU, 7A, 8, 9, 10 (Aerial Photograph). SDV267542.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/BE, 12 (Aerial Photograph). SDV274725.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/BN, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV267547.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/DD, 4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV35304.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, Roman Military Sites in Devon: Some Recent Discoveries, 11-32 (Article in Serial). SDV35308.

Discusses the entire military complex lying to the south of this camp. Also includes aerial photograph transcriptions. In addition the north-west angle of an apparent second camp has been recorded.


Griffith, F. M., 1985, A Nemeton in Devon?, 121-124 (Article in Serial). SDV224842.


Frere, S. S., 1985, Roman Britain in 1984, 305 (Article in Serial). SDV35311.


Maxwell, G. S. + Wilson, D. R., 1987, Air Reconnaissance in Roman Britain 1977-84, 1-48 (Article in Serial). SDV35314.


Griffith, F. M., 1989, DAP/LH, 1, 2, 4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV233518.


Griffith, F. M., 1993, DAP/VZ, 10, 11 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224904.

Cropmarks visible in July 1993.


Horner, B., 1993, DAP/WA, 5-12 (Aerial Photograph). SDV274741.


Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit, 1993, Watching Brief at 'The Barton', North Tawton, Devon (Report - Watching Brief). SDV274709.

Watching brief during construction of visibility splay in 1993 recorded no archaeological features.


Horner, B., 1994, DAP/WC, 22-25 (Aerial Photograph). SDV39277.


Welfare, H. + Swan, V., 1994, Roman Camps in England Project (Report - non-specific). SDV274735.


Griffith, F. M., 1995, DAP/YB, 3-10, 13, 14 (Aerial Photograph). SDV274742.


Griffith, F. M., 1995, DAP/YC, 1-5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV274743.


Gent, T. H., 1996, Archaeological Assessment of a Proposed Golf Course at the Hams, North Tawton, 3, 10 (Report - Assessment). SDV319191.


Exeter Archaeology, 1999, Archaeological Assessment of a Proposed Development Site at Barton Hill, North Tawton, 2 (Report - Assessment). SDV274744.


Coe, D., 2001, Report on Site Visit to Roman Camps at North Tawton (Un-published). SDV274711.

Site visit 22nd August 2001. An area 10 metres by 10 metres was levelled after two new South West Electricity Board poles were erected, creating a mound of spoil within the scheduled area.


Whiteaway, T., 2003, Archaeological Evaluation of Proposed Site of Lorry Park and Storm Water Storage Pond at the Barton, North Tawton, 2, Fig. 4 (Report - Evaluation). SDV265762.


Passmore, A. J., 2003, Archaeological Recording During Gas Main Realignment South of Newland Mill, North Tawton, 1 (Report - Survey). SDV219497.


Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 2003, Proposed Works at Roman Forts, Marching Camps and Associated Monuments, North Tawton (Correspondence). SDV274712.

Scheduled Monument Consent granted for works concerning the construction of a lorry park and storm water storage pond with an archaeological watching brief.


Department of Environment, 2003, Roman Forts, Marching Camps and Associated Monuments (Schedule Document). SDV343864.

The monument includes a complex of large Roman military enclosures together with a series of smaller enclosures and ring-ditches in fields around The Barton on the east bank of the River Taw. The military enclosures have been identified as two forts and two marching camps. The marching camps which lie to the north of the forts, apparently enclosing The Barton, are visible as cropmarks.


Passmore, A. J., 2004, Archaeological Recording at Site of New Warehouse for Vital Dog Supplies, The Barton, North Tawton, 1-6 (Report - Watching Brief). SDV319972.

A ditch excavated in 2004 prior to the construction of a warehouse to the north of 'The Barton' appears to represent part of the western side of the cropmark interpreted as a Roman military marching camp. The ditch 1.2 metres wide by 0.5 metres deep had a distinctive though heavily trucated V-shaped profile with a rounded base and a single struck flake was recovered. Other details: Fig 3.


Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 2004, Proposed Works at Roman Forts, Marching Camps and Associated Monuments, North Tawton (Correspondence). SDV274713.

Scheduled Monument Consent granted for works concerning the construction of overhead electricity transmission lines.


Young, A., 2005, Transcriptions from Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Cartographic). SDV321540.

Transcriptions of ditches correspond to the grid reference for PRN167053. Map object partly based on this source.


Young, A. & Turner, S., 2005-2006, North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project database records, PRN167053 (Interpretation). SDV358473.

A long, linear feature is visible as a single ditch on aerial photos (p1). It runs S-N for 90m, then turns to run E-W for 350m. This feature has been interpreted as the NE edge of a Roman marching camp. It has been digitally plotted as part of the National Mapping Programme.
Photograph reference:
1. CUCAP BTR 021-2 03-JUL-1975


GSB Prospection, 2006, Roman Marching Camp, North Tawton (Report - Geophysical Survey). SDV338954.

The north-western corner of the large Roman marching camp may have been identified during the geophysical survey undertaken in 2006 as a 80 metres long linear feature running east to west with a curve to the south at the western end. Other features including former field boundaries, a line of possible pits and ploughing trends were also identified.


English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 119 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Generally satisfactory but with significant localised problems. Principal vulnerability arable ploughing.


Gillard, M., 2009, The Barton, North Tawton, Devon: Results of Archaeological Excavations, 10, 17, 20 (Report - Excavation). SDV347928.

Excavations on the site of a proposed warehouse development to the north of the existing commerical buildings at The Barton confirmed the continuation of the western boundary ditch of the Roman marching camp established by previous excavation and aerial photography. The V-shaped profile of ditch 164 is suggestive of a Roman military origin and charcoal from the fill was radiocarbon dated to 18-127 calibrated AD. A pair of cooking pits (120 and 220) located 65 metres to the west of the boundary ditch may be related to the marching camp - the ceramic and radiocarbon evidence from each pit respectively is consistent with an early, pre AD69 date. Alternatively they may have been within an annexe or another camp of which ditch 132 to the north-west may be northern boundary.


English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West, 112 (Report - non-specific). SDV344777.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.


English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West, 118 (Report - non-specific). SDV355280.

Roman forts, marching camps and associated monuments, North Tawton. Generally satisfactory but with significant localised problems. Declining. Principal vulnerability arable ploughing.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219497Report - Survey: Passmore, A. J.. 2003. Archaeological Recording During Gas Main Realignment South of Newland Mill, North Tawton. Exeter Archaeology Report. 03.25. A4 Stapled + Digital. 1.
SDV224842Article in Serial: Griffith, F. M.. 1985. A Nemeton in Devon?. Antiquity. 59. Photocopy. 121-124.
SDV224904Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1993. DAP/VZ. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 10, 11.
SDV233518Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1989. DAP/LH. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1, 2, 4.
SDV237333Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/AF. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2, 3.
SDV237834Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. 1975. CUC/BUO. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper). 8.
SDV265762Report - Evaluation: Whiteaway, T.. 2003. Archaeological Evaluation of Proposed Site of Lorry Park and Storm Water Storage Pond at the Barton, North Tawton. Exeter Archaeology Report. 03.60. A4 stapled + Digital. 2, Fig. 4.
SDV267542Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/AU. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 7A, 8, 9, 10.
SDV267547Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/BN. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3.
SDV274703Article in Serial: St. Joseph, J. K. S.. 1977. The Journal of Roman Studies. 67. Unknown. 125.
SDV274704Article in Serial: Silvester, R. J.. 1978. Cropmark Sites at North Tawton and Alverdiscott. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. Paperback Volume. 249-253.
SDV274709Report - Watching Brief: Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit. 1993. Watching Brief at 'The Barton', North Tawton, Devon. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV274711Un-published: Coe, D.. 2001. Report on Site Visit to Roman Camps at North Tawton. A4 Single Sheet.
SDV274712Correspondence: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 2003. Proposed Works at Roman Forts, Marching Camps and Associated Monuments, North Tawton. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Letter.
SDV274713Correspondence: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 2004. Proposed Works at Roman Forts, Marching Camps and Associated Monuments, North Tawton. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Letter.
SDV274715Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SS60SE18. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV274716Article in Serial: Maxfield, V. A.. 1979. Roman Frontier Studies. British Archaeological Reports International Series. 71. Unknown. 297.
SDV274717Article in Serial: Lambert, M. J.. 1973. Roads to the Roman Camp at North Tawton. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 105. A5 Paperback. 131-139.
SDV274720Cartographic: Unknown. 1840-1849. North Tawton. Tithe Map. Map (Paper).
SDV274725Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/BE. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 12.
SDV274730Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. 1975. CUC/BTR. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper) + Digital (Scan). 18-22, 24.
SDV274733Monograph: Rivet, A. L. F. + Smith, C.. 1979. The Place-Names of Roman Britain. The Place-Names of Roman Britain. Unknown.
SDV274735Report - non-specific: Welfare, H. + Swan, V.. 1994. Roman Camps in England Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV274741Aerial Photograph: Horner, B.. 1993. DAP/WA. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 5-12.
SDV274742Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1995. DAP/YB. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3-10, 13, 14.
SDV274743Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1995. DAP/YC. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1-5.
SDV274744Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 1999. Archaeological Assessment of a Proposed Development Site at Barton Hill, North Tawton. Exeter Archaeology Report. 99.88. A4 Stapled + Digital. 2.
SDV319191Report - Assessment: Gent, T. H.. 1996. Archaeological Assessment of a Proposed Golf Course at the Hams, North Tawton. Exeter Archaeology Report. 96.09. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3, 10.
SDV319972Report - Watching Brief: Passmore, A. J.. 2004. Archaeological Recording at Site of New Warehouse for Vital Dog Supplies, The Barton, North Tawton. Exeter Archaeology Report. 04.11. A4 Stapled + Digital. 1-6.
SDV321540Cartographic: Young, A.. 2005. Transcriptions from Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project. Plot of Cropmarks. Digital.
SDV338954Report - Geophysical Survey: GSB Prospection. 2006. Roman Marching Camp, North Tawton. GSB Prospection Report. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV341693Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1961. Twenty-Fifth Report on the Archaeology and Early History of Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 93. A5 Hardback. 168-177.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 119.
SDV343864Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 2003. Roman Forts, Marching Camps and Associated Monuments. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.
SDV343869Personal Comment: Griffith, F. M.. 1983.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #92426 ]
SDV344777Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West. English Heritage Report. Digital. 112.
SDV347928Report - Excavation: Gillard, M.. 2009. The Barton, North Tawton, Devon: Results of Archaeological Excavations. Southwest Archaeology Report. 093005. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. 10, 17, 20.
SDV350304Correspondence: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 05/12/2006. Proposed Works at Roman Forts, Marching Camps and Associated Monuments, North Tawton, Devon. Letter. A4 Stapled.
SDV35304Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/DD. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4.
SDV35308Article in Serial: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. Roman Military Sites in Devon: Some Recent Discoveries. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 42. A5 Paperback. 11-32.
SDV35311Article in Serial: Frere, S. S.. 1985. Roman Britain in 1984. Britannia. 16. Unknown. 305.
SDV35314Article in Serial: Maxwell, G. S. + Wilson, D. R.. 1987. Air Reconnaissance in Roman Britain 1977-84. Britannia. 18. Unknown. 1-48.
SDV355280Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West. english Heritage. Digital. 118.
SDV358473Interpretation: Young, A. & Turner, S.. 2005-2006. North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project database records. Cornwall Council Report. Digital. PRN167053.
SDV39277Aerial Photograph: Horner, B.. 1994. DAP/WC. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 22-25.

Associated Monuments

MDV103778Part of: Roman Military Complex at North Tawton (Monument)
MDV104059Related to: Cooking Pits to north of The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV104694Related to: Earthwork within the Roman Military Complex at North Tawton (Monument)
MDV70557Related to: Former Field Boundary, The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV104064Related to: Line of Pits in Roman Marching Camp to north of The Barton, North Tawton. (Monument)
MDV6841Related to: North Tawton Roman Fort I (Monument)
MDV29193Related to: North Tawton Roman Fort II (Monument)
MDV70558Related to: Possible field boundary to north of The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV17626Related to: Probable Ring Ditch North of The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV14518Related to: Ring Ditch North-East of The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV14517Related to: Ring Ditches North of The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV4526Related to: ROAD in the Parish of North Tawton (Monument)
MDV70556Related to: Roman Marching Camp North of The Barton, North Tawton II (Monument)
MDV71119Related to: The Barton, Pits (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV1038 - FLAKE (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD)

Associated Events

  • EDV10 - Watching Brief at 'The Barton', North Tawton
  • EDV11 - Report on Site Visit to Roman Camps at North Tawon
  • EDV379 - Archaeological recording at site of new warehouse for Vital Dog Supplies, The Barton, North Tawton
  • EDV4269 - Geophysical Survey at The Barton, North Tawton
  • EDV9 - Unnamed Event
  • EDV7455 - Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme

Date Last Edited:Feb 26 2018 2:01PM