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HER Number:MDV4588
Name:Enclosure and hut circle 200 metres south of Broad Hole


A Bronze Age hut circle contained within an enclosure measuring 21 metres by 13 metres with rubble walling. The hut circle has a diameter of 3.0 metres and a levelled interior with a possible entrance to the south.


Grid Reference:SX 591 783
Map Sheet:SX57NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 NE 8
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NE/25
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NE/25/1
  • Old SAM Ref: 22251
  • Pastscape: 439587

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57NE8, Sketch plan (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV275120.

Visited 27/6/1950 Hut circle and enclosure (remains of SX59067837). The hut circle which is described but not shown on the 6 inch mapping, is in a ruinous condition. Measures approximately 4.0 metres in diameter with wall composed of turf-covered stones. No visible entrance.
The hut is attached to an enclosure measuring 13 metres (north-south) by 21 metres (east-west). The wall is also composed of similar turf-covered stones in a fragmentary condition.
Visited 19/12/1950 Hut circle is 10 feet (3.05 metres) in diameter. Enclosure measures 44 feet (13.4 metres) by 63 feet (19.2 metres). In good condition.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/F64/58/6399, 034-5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV255307.

National Monuments Record, 1979, NMR SF1510, 205 (Aerial Photograph). SDV273995.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on Royal Air Force 1964 and National Monuments Record 1979 aerial photographs. Recorded on map overlay.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP, 1992 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Hut circle attached to enclosure. Oval enclosure measuring 21 metres by 13 metres internally. Rubble wall 1.5 metres thick by 0.4 metres high. Lowering of wall just east of hut circle may indicate an entrance.
Conjoined hut circle with rubble bank wall. Internal diameter of east room 2.3 metres diameter, wall 1.4 metres wide, 0.4 metres high. Doorway to south. West room measures 1.3 metres diameter, wall 1.2 metres wide, 0.2 metres high.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 64-5, Map 29.14 (Monograph). SDV219155.

One of two (other is MDV4623) minute homesteads below Beardown Tors, each consisting of a single oval enclosure less than 25 metres across at most with a tiny hut (2.5 metres in diameter) built across the line of the circuit wall.

Newman, P., 2004, Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV346874.

Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey visit. The hut is in a stable condition in an area of short grass.

Newman , P., 2018, Archaeological Sites within Merrivale Training Area, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: A condition survey on behalf of Defence Infrastructure Organisation (Report - Survey). SDV361635.

A hut circle within a small enclosure on a shelf on the east bank of the Cowsic River.

Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

Depicted on the modern mapping.

Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

This monument includes an oval enclosure with a single stone hut circle built across the northern line of the boundary wall and is situated on a terrace lying immediately west of the River Cowsic. The interior of the enclosure measures 21m east to west by 13m north to south and is defined by rubble walling 1.5m thick and 0.4m high. A lowering of the wall just east of the stone hut circle may indicate the position of the entrance. The stone hut circle is composed of a stone and earth wall 1.4m wide and 0.6m high defining an internal area measuring 2.3m in diameter. A circular stone built structure is attached to the western wall of the hut and measures 1.3m in internal diameter and is defined by a 1.2m wide and 0.2m high wall.

National Monument Record, 2018, Pastscape, (1978 and 1994 data) (Website). SDV360651.

On a relatively flat shelf, above the valley bottom, about 442.0 metres OD, is an enclosed hut circle. The oval enclosure is 21.0 metres by 13.0 metres with rubble walling 1.5 metres thick and 0.4 metres high. A lowering of the wall just to the east of the hut is the only visible evidence suggestive of an entrance. The Type 2 hut measures 3.0 metres in internal diameter with walling 1.0 metres thick and 0.5 metres high and has a levelled interior. The entrance is probably in the south. The hut and enclosure are in good condition.
Revised at 1:10 000 on PFD. (Type site SX 56 NE 71). See ground photograph (citing Ordnance Survey Field Investigators Comments, 01/09/1978)
Centred SX 59137837. The site is as described in 1978 though there appears to be a small annexe measuring 3.0 metres (north-south) by 2.2 metres attached to the west wall of the hut. There is no obvious entrance to this additional feature (citing Probert, S. A. J., 11/07/1994, Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigators Comments).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 64-5, Map 29.14.
SDV255307Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/F64/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 034-5.
SDV273995Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. NMR SF1510. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 205.
SDV275120Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57NE8. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Sketch plan.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP, 1992.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346874Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2004. Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV360651Website: National Monument Record. 2018. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. (1978 and 1994 data).
SDV360652Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV360653National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV361635Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2018. Archaeological Sites within Merrivale Training Area, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: A condition survey on behalf of Defence Infrastructure Organisation. Southwest Landscape Investigations. A4 Comb Bound. [Mapped feature: #113037 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV18817Related to: Enclosed stone hut circle settlement 300 metres south of Broad Hole (Monument)
MDV4623Related to: Enclosure and hut circle 160 metres south east of Broad Hole (Monument)
MDV54356Related to: Hut circle on Beardown Hill (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7441 - Condition survey of the archaeological sites of Merrivale Training Area
  • EDV7570 - Condition survey of Merrivale Range training area

Date Last Edited:Aug 21 2018 12:33PM