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HER Number:MDV468
Name:Mesolithic Tools from Westward Ho!

Summary

Late Mesolithic flint tools found at the site of the submerged forest at Westward Ho!

Location

Grid Reference:SS 429 295
Map Sheet:SS42NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishNortham
DistrictTorridge
Ecclesiastical ParishNORTHAM

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 33063
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS42NW/1/1
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SS42NW2

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ARTEFACT SCATTER (Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 8000 BC to 4000 BC (Between))

Full description

Keene, B., Arrowheads from Prehistoric Devon, 11 (Un-published). SDV325505.


Young, T., 1906, Pigmy Flint Implements in North Devon, 267-9 (Article in Serial). SDV6255.

Young notes the profusion of flint flakes and cores of unusual grey colour, mottled and stained, which lie beneath the peat. Also animal bones and shells of edible molluscs.


1910, EXE 92-105/1910
EXE 190-206/1910
EXE 314-323/1910
EXE 330-395/1910
EXE 422-433/1910
EXE 436/1910
(Record Office Collection). SDV322397.


Rogers, E. H., 1946, The Raised Beach, Submerged Forest and Kitchen Midden of Westward Ho and the Submerged Stone Row of Yelland, 109-135 (Article in Serial). SDV10007.

Flints found by E H Rogers in the 'kitchen midden', with their smoky discolouration, compared with those found in the peat, which are quite fresh. Flints include waste material, micro-burins, microlithic cores, core dressings, flakes and scrapers. Much of the microlithic material is broken.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1954 - 1974, SS42NW2 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV10009.

Flints found at the site from 1863 onwards.


Gardner, K. S., 1957, A Mesolithic Survey of North Devon, 165-6 (Article in Serial). SDV7582.

Gardener classifies a typical Mesolithic flint assemblage of microliths found sealed between two layers of blue clay in the 'kitchen midden' layer at Westward Ho!


Wymer, J. J., 1965, Appendix: worked flints from Westward Ho! (1961-1962), 83-4 (Article in Serial). SDV19839.

Wymer describes 35 microlithic pieces submitted to him by D M Churcill. The flints are described as characteristic products of a late Mesolithic industry.


Jenkyn, B. M., 1969, Some notes on the submerged forest of Westward Ho!, North Devon, 203-6 (Article in Serial). SDV9990.

Late Mesolithic flints found at the site of the submerged forest at Westward Ho. Peat dating gives youngest obtainable date prior to final submergence at 4600 BC. Plate 4 shows worked flints found. Other details: Plates 1-4.


1975, EXE 161/1975/2 (Record Office Collection). SDV322396.

Westward Ho! About 12 metres from the foot of the pebble ridge off the boundary line at end of terrace. One steep sided retouched, backed knife blade some cortex on back. Brownish mottled flint. Length 62 millimetres, width 14 millimetres.


Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J., 1993, Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements, 4 (Report - Assessment). SDV4711.


Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J., 1993, Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements, Part 1: Southern Routes, 4 (Report - Assessment). SDV4712.


Riley, H., 2002, Inter-tidal deposits at Westward Ho!, Northam, 3-5, Figs 2,4 & 5 (Report - Survey). SDV322401.

Five areas of peat were surveyed at Westward Ho! by English Heritage in 2002. Mesolithic flints had been recovered from the blue clay underlying the peat. The survey found substantial erosion had occured since 1984 particularly on the seaward edges of the peat and the midden deposits had disappeared. A small area of blue clay was recorded on the west side of the peat in Area B at SS24302950.


Horner, W., 2002, Slide (Photograph). SDV19852.


Horner, W., 2002, Westward Ho! (Personal Comment). SDV6213.

Site visited on 28th March 2002. A few pieces of split pebble flint were noted in the upper peat exposure.


Natural Environment Research Council, 2003, Mesolithic to Neolithic coastal environmental change c6500-3500 cal BC (Report - Survey). SDV9998.

Site visited on 27th April 2002. Several flints were visible within a clearly defined occupation horizon. These were removed and marked on the section drawing, as were pieces of wood from the overlying peat horizon.


Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 649 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.


Mills, A., 2009, Flint Found at Westward Ho! (Correspondence). SDV344218.

A Mesolithic flint tool was found on the beach at Westward Ho! in 2009.


National Monuments Record, 2010, 33063 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV344221.


Heathcote, J. + Campbell, G., 2013, NHPP 3A5 Identification of Wetland/Waterlogged Sites. 6240 Exceptional Waterlogged Heritage. Stage 1: Inventory, 25 (Report - non-specific). SDV357296.


University of Southampton, 2018, North Devon Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Desk-Based Assessment, No. 48 (Interpretation). SDV361978.

Record appears to refer to general occurences of flint finds from the peat/clay rather than being a precise findspot.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV10007Article in Serial: Rogers, E. H.. 1946. The Raised Beach, Submerged Forest and Kitchen Midden of Westward Ho and the Submerged Stone Row of Yelland. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Exploration Society. 3 Part 3. A5 Paperback. 109-135.
SDV10009Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1954 - 1974. SS42NW2. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV19839Article in Serial: Wymer, J. J.. 1965. Appendix: worked flints from Westward Ho! (1961-1962). Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 31. Unknown. 83-4.
SDV19852Photograph: Horner, W.. 2002. Slide. Slide.
SDV322396Record Office Collection: 1975. EXE 161/1975/2. Royal Albert Memorial Museum.
SDV322397Record Office Collection: 1910. EXE 92-105/1910 EXE 190-206/1910 EXE 314-323/1910 EXE 330-395/1910 EXE 422-433/1910 EXE 436/1910. Royal Albert Memorial Museum.
SDV322401Report - Survey: Riley, H.. 2002. Inter-tidal deposits at Westward Ho!, Northam. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. AI/18/2002. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3-5, Figs 2,4 & 5.
SDV325505Un-published: Keene, B.. Arrowheads from Prehistoric Devon. Manuscript + Digital. 11.
SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 649.
SDV344218Correspondence: Mills, A.. 2009. Flint Found at Westward Ho!. E-mail and attached photographs. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV344221National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2010. 33063. National Monuments Record Index. Website.
SDV357296Report - non-specific: Heathcote, J. + Campbell, G.. 2013. NHPP 3A5 Identification of Wetland/Waterlogged Sites. 6240 Exceptional Waterlogged Heritage. Stage 1: Inventory. English Heritage. N/A. Digital. 25.
SDV361978Interpretation: University of Southampton. 2018. North Devon Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Desk-Based Assessment. RCZAS. Digital. No. 48.
SDV4711Report - Assessment: Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J.. 1993. Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 93.25. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4.
SDV4712Report - Assessment: Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J.. 1993. Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements, Part 1: Southern Routes. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 93.32. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4.
SDV6213Personal Comment: Horner, W.. 2002. Westward Ho!. A4 Single Sheet.
SDV6255Article in Serial: Young, T.. 1906. Pigmy Flint Implements in North Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. A5 Hardback. 267-9.
SDV7582Article in Serial: Gardner, K. S.. 1957. A Mesolithic Survey of North Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 89. A5 Hardback. 165-6.
SDV9990Article in Serial: Jenkyn, B. M.. 1969. Some notes on the submerged forest of Westward Ho!, North Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 101. Paperback Volume. 203-6.
SDV9998Report - Survey: Natural Environment Research Council. 2003. Mesolithic to Neolithic coastal environmental change c6500-3500 cal BC. Natural Environment Research Council Project. NER/A/S/2000/00490. A4 Stapled + Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV76285Related to: Mesolithic Flint tool from Westward Ho! (Find Spot)
MDV107433Related to: Peat Deposit at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV50845Related to: Peat Deposit at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV53224Related to: Peat Deposit at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV14854Related to: Shell Middens at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV44568Related to: Submerged Forest, Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV71573Related to: Westward Ho!, Peat Deposit (Monument)
MDV71574Related to: Westward Ho!, Peat Deposit (Monument)
MDV71575Related to: Westward Ho!, Peat Deposit (Monument)
MDV44569Related to: Wooden Stakes at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV44571Related to: Wooden Stakes at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV44570Related to: Wooden Stakes at Westward Ho, (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV391 - ARROWHEAD (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FDV393 - Axe (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FDV392 - BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FDV390 - FABRICATOR (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FDV388 - KNIFE (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FDV389 - LEAF ARROWHEAD (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FDV385 - CORE (Mesolithic - 8000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FDV387 - FLAKE (Mesolithic - 8000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FDV386 - SCRAPER (TOOL) (Mesolithic - 8000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FDV384 - TOOL (Mesolithic - 8000 BC to 4001 BC)

Associated Events

  • EDV1988 - Unnamed Event
  • EDV1989 - Mesolithic to Neolithic coastal environmental change c6500-3500 cal BC
  • EDV1990 - Archaeological assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge tidal waters improvements
  • EDV1991 - Archaeological assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge tidal waters improvements Part 1: Southern routes
  • EDV1992 - Slide
  • EDV2004 - Inter-tidal deposits at Westward Ho!, Northam

Date Last Edited:Feb 4 2019 9:48AM