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HER Number:MDV4719
Name:West Wheal Friendship Mine, Mary Tavy

Summary

Part of the Wheal Burn Sett, this mine attempted to take advantage of the western end of the Wheal Friendship lode on the west side of the Burn, a small tributary of the River Tavy. Leased by the Tavistock Canal Company between 1815-21, but earlier worked in 1801-15 by Gill and Burge. This mine was later active in the 1850s, abandoned in 1865.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 483 796
Map Sheet:SX47NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMary Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMARY TAVY

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47NE/25

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • COPPER MINE (Constructed, XVIII to XIX - 1800 AD to 1865 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Old shaft' and 'shaft' are depicted on the late 19th century historic map; part of the 'West Wheal Friendship (copper, disused)' mine.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'West Wheal Friendship (copper disused)' shown on the early 20th century (1906) historic map.


Ordnance Survey, 1953-1969, 1953-1969 National Grid OS A edition imperial (Cartographic). SDV352727.

'West Wheal Friendship (copper disused)' depicted on Ordnance Survey 6 inch (1954) historic map.


Harris, H., 1968, Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor, 187 (Monograph). SDV149229.

West Weal Friendship mine; some rather inconspicuous tips are the only visible evidence of West Friendship. The mine was active in the 1850's, when three copper lodes were worked from engine shaft, but yields were small and it was abandoned by 1865.


Waterhouse, R., 2017, The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology, 173-4, fig 6.25 (Monograph). SDV361789.

Two mine shafts comprising the north lode of the Wheal Burn Sett, later known as West Wheal Friendship. This was the only mine belonging to the Tavistock Canal Company outside the Tamar and Tavy valleys. Part of an attempt to take advantage of the western end of the Wheal Friendship lode on the west side of the Burn, a small tributary of the River Tavy.
Initially leased from 1801-1815 by John Gill and Joseph Burge (lease dated 1810), this was a Canal Company prospect from 1815-21, and possibly may have been worked in the 1830s by the Tavistock Consolidated Mines Adventurers who took on the Canal Company's mining portfolio in 1828 (so far no documentary evidence for this).


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

Disused shafts depicted on the modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149229Monograph: Harris, H.. 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 187.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV352727Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1953-1969. 1953-1969 National Grid OS A edition imperial. Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV360652Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #113895 ]
SDV361789Monograph: Waterhouse, R.. 2017. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. Paperback Volume. 173-4, fig 6.25.

Associated Monuments

MDV68397Related to: Mine shafts, Wheal Friendship Mine (Monument)
MDV123232Related to: Tavistock Canal, Main record (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 1 2018 2:28PM