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HER Number:MDV4733
Name:Furzehill Mine, south-east of Horrabridge

Summary

Furzehill Mine is an important site documented as early as the 15th century which may be the earliest example of shaft mining for tin in Devon. This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 515 691
Map Sheet:SX56NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHorrabridge
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Furzehill Mine, south-east of Horrabridge; an important mine documented as early as the 15th century

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NW/47
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XVIII to XXI - 1751 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Furzehill Mine (disused)' indicated on the First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch (1880s-1890s) and on the Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch (1904-1906) maps.


Harris, H., 1968, Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor, 199 (Monograph). SDV149229.

A number of shafts of this mine remain, on the border with Walkhampton parish, as well as undulations and the ruin of a chimney stack. An old building is believed to have been the count-house. The surrounding area is well wooded. The mine was worked during the 1860s and 1870s when tin and arsenic were produced. Eight men were drowned in a flood disaster here in 1866 when drilling from one of the levels pierced the old water filled workings.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1946 Royal Air Force aerial photographs.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1990, An Assessment of Dartmoor Tinworking, 26 (Report - Assessment). SDV343684.

This site on west Dartmoor at Furzehill is very important as the site with the earliest evidence for shaft mining for tin in Devon (possibly as early as the 15th century). The mine was documented from the end of the 15th century and was particularly important in the 18th and 19th centuries. Now it forms an important landscape/amenity feature as part of Furzehill Wood. It is also likely to be connected with mill site and cluster of artefacts at Little Horrabridge (sx56nw/28).


Richardson, P. H. G., 1992, The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913, 138 (Article in Serial). SDV323598.


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149229Monograph: Harris, H.. 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 199.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV323598Article in Serial: Richardson, P. H. G.. 1992. The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913. British Mining. 44. A5 Paperback. 138.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV343684Report - Assessment: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1990. An Assessment of Dartmoor Tinworking. Digital. 26.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #92904 ]
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 25 2013 12:38PM