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HER Number:MDV474
Name:Godborough Castle

Summary

A cross ridge dyke with a vestigial bank to the east and a ditch to the west up to 2 or 3 feet deep.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 436 273
Map Sheet:SS42NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishNortham
DistrictTorridge
Ecclesiastical ParishNORTHAM

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS42NW/5
  • Old SAM County Ref: 927
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SS42NW6

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LINEAR EARTHWORK (Unknown date)

Full description

Haswell, B. W., 04/08/1976, Survey of Godborough Castle (Correspondence). SDV358653.


Risdon, T., 1580-1810, Untitled Source, 424-425 (Monograph). SDV336411.


Lysons, D. + Lysons, S., 1822, Magna Britannica, 352, 367 (Monograph). SDV323771.


Rogers, I., 1948, Invasion of North Devon by Hubba the Dane, 119-126 (Article in Serial). SDV336405.

Godborough Castle. Earthwork. A single bank and ditch circa 260 metres long, running north-south and following the contours of the hill. Several short ditches cover the north entrance. Interpreted as Hubba's fortification of AD878 (ie Danish) and considered incomplete.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1953 - 1977, SS42NW6 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV336406.

Strong cross-ridge north-south bank with ditch to west, turning in south into the natural steep slope of the hill, and ending in the north in a strong east-west lynchet-like bank. Complex earthworks (see plan) at centre of north-south bank, possibly the site of an entrance. Interpretation difficult. Tree covered. Other details: Plan, sketch, photo.


Donn, B., 1965, A Map of the County of Devon, 1765 (Reprint) (Monograph). SDV336413.


Department of Environment, 1973, Cross Ridge Dyke on Godborough Castle Earthwork North-west of Turners Wood (Schedule Document). SDV336407.

Site visit 10th December 1972. A cross ridge dyke with a vestigial bank to the east and a ditch to the west up to 2 or 3 feet deep. Under forestry and gorse scrub.


Haswell, B. W., 1976, Hill Fort (Worksheet). SDV336408.

The fort itself (320 by 190 metres) is situated on an escarpment, with a steep slope to the south and east. The north side is overlooked by rising land forming the valley side. Woods and hedges have recently been removed. The east and south sides of the fort follow the natural contours of the land. The western wall passes around 3 features, two of which appear to be barrows. A bank east of these is similar to that of the Iron Age fort at Brent Tor near Tavistock. The north wall follows a man made feature. There is an enclosure within the fort (80 by 30 metres), which is raised on the east, providing a defensive viewpoint of the whole countryside.


King, A. C., 1979, Bideford Bypass Survey (Report - Survey). SDV1506.


Higham, R. A., 1979, The Castles of Medieval Devon (Post-Graduate Thesis). SDV336189.

One suggested site of Arx Cynuit (9th century battle site). A curious earthwork, possibly unfinished.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SS42NW6 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV336409.

Full survey details given.


Snell, R., 1986, Green Lanes in Devon Project (Un-published). SDV8442.


Higham, R. A., 1988, Devon Castles: An Annotated List, 146 (Article in Serial). SDV341278.

No historical evidence, and earthworks not convincingly medieval.


Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J., 1992, Preliminary Archaeological Assessment, Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements, 3 (Report - Assessment). SDV18873.


Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J., 1994, Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements Part 3: Cornborough STW, 7 (Report - Assessment). SDV18876.


Horner, B., 1994, Godborough Castle (Worksheet). SDV336410.

Visited on 20th January 1994. The scheduled area has moderate to heavy tree covering and is subject to badger activity. There is also a regular 'L' or 'Z' shaped cutting through the earthwork, possibly a (coal) mining exploratory cut. This feature is waterlogged and makes an effective pond. It clearly post-dates the main north-south bank and ditch. The interior in this northern area also gives the impression of having been quarried in recent centuries. Other details: Annotated map.


English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 116 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Stable, principal vulnerability scrub or tree growth.


English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West, 109 (Report - non-specific). SDV344777.


English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West, 115 (Report - non-specific). SDV355280.

Condition unknown. Stable. Principal vulnerability scrub or tree growth.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1506Report - Survey: King, A. C.. 1979. Bideford Bypass Survey. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. Unknown.
SDV18873Report - Assessment: Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J.. 1992. Preliminary Archaeological Assessment, Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 92.32. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3.
SDV18876Report - Assessment: Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J.. 1994. Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements Part 3: Cornborough STW. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 94.12. A4 Stapled + Digital. 7.
SDV323771Monograph: Lysons, D. + Lysons, S.. 1822. Magna Britannica. Magna Britannica: A Concise Topographical Account of The Several Counties o. 6: Devonshire. Unknown. 352, 367.
SDV336189Post-Graduate Thesis: Higham, R. A.. 1979. The Castles of Medieval Devon. University of Exeter Thesis. Unknown.
SDV336405Article in Serial: Rogers, I.. 1948. Invasion of North Devon by Hubba the Dane. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 80. A5 Hardback. 119-126.
SDV336406Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1953 - 1977. SS42NW6. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV336407Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 1973. Cross Ridge Dyke on Godborough Castle Earthwork North-west of Turners Wood. The Schedule of Monuments. Typescript.
SDV336408Worksheet: Haswell, B. W.. 1976. Hill Fort. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Register. Worksheet + Digital.
SDV336409Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SS42NW6. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV336410Worksheet: Horner, B.. 1994. Godborough Castle. Devon County Sites and Monuments Register. Worksheet + Digital.
SDV336411Monograph: Risdon, T.. 1580-1810. Survey of Devon. Unknown. 424-425.
SDV336413Monograph: Donn, B.. 1965. A Map of the County of Devon, 1765 (Reprint). A Map of the County of Devon, 1765 (Reprint). Hardback Volume.
SDV341278Article in Serial: Higham, R. A.. 1988. Devon Castles: An Annotated List. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 46. Paperback Volume. 146.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 116.
SDV344777Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West. English Heritage Report. Digital. 109.
SDV355280Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West. english Heritage. Digital. 115.
SDV358653Correspondence: Haswell, B. W.. 04/08/1976. Survey of Godborough Castle. Letter and Plan. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV8442Un-published: Snell, R.. 1986. Green Lanes in Devon Project. Green Lanes in Devon Project. Not applicable. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV50847Parent of: Northam, Godborough Castle, Adit (Monument)
MDV2638Related to: Godborough Castle, Axe (Find Spot)
MDV473Related to: Kenwith Castle (Monument)
MDV50846Related to: Northam, Godborough Castle, Linear Earthworth to south east (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV3908 - Unnamed Event

Date Last Edited:Jun 23 2015 4:27PM