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HER Number:MDV48021
Name:Reave system on Easdon Down

Summary

Prehistoric parallel reave system covering most of Easdon Down to the north-east of Easdon Farm. Nationally important site and considered to be an undesignated heritage asset.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 731 826
Map Sheet:SX78SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishNorth Bovey
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishNORTH BOVEY

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks and walling of Bronze Age parallel reave system on Easdon Down and fossilised in the surrounding fields

Other References/Statuses

  • Dartmoor Non-designated Heritage Asset (Evidential)
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX78SW/255
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PARALLEL REAVE SYSTEM (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Fleming, A., 1983, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 2: North and East Dartmoor, 208 (Article in Serial). SDV227880.


Fleming, A., 1984, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor; Wider Implications, 9 (Article in Serial). SDV320417.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Extensive field system visible on the aerial photographs and recorded on the map overlay.


Fleming, A., 1988, The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions, 29, 46, 50. (Monograph). SDV229071.

Easdon north parallel reave system. Its terminal reave joins Easdon Hill reave on its north side at SX731824. It covers most of the northern part of Easdon Down and is fossilised by modern hedges further north. Probable original extent covered circa 200 hectares. The eastern boundary was probably the River Bovey and the northern boundary the stream which flows through Hele. The western boundary left the terminal at SX731825, meeting modern farmland at SX727830 and was then fossilised by modern hedges. In the Canna Park - Langdon area this reave was presumably the terminal for reaves of the Shapley common system which would have met it at right angles. Other details: Figure 28.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, 156-7 (Monograph). SDV299725.

Easdon Tor settlement includes a Prehistoric field system. The banks around the summit and on the north-west slopes are unusually sinuous. Many of the present field walls continue the line of the reaves downhill towards the streams surrounding Easdon Down. The numerous small Prehistoric enclosures suggest a high population and it seems certain that a number of settlements must have disappeared completely within the fields on the lower slopes. Further boundaries were added in Medieval times and as this second enclosure wave ebbed back to the present line some of the Prehistoric banks emerged rebuilt with a ditch alongside. Other details: Map 22, Site 2.


Baldwin, J. + Butler, S. + Harper, B. + Hewitt, J. + Hugo, R. + Kapff, M. + Perkins, K. + Stewart, C. + Taylor, A., 1999, The Book of Manaton, 6 (Monograph). SDV351773.

Aerial photograph showing clearly the reaves, field boundaries and hut circles that were all part of the prehistoric community on Easdon.


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

Coaxial field system on Easdon Down was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument in 2004. Other details: Site 88.


Gerrard, S., 2006, Dartmoor Nationally Important Sites (Cartographic). SDV345607.

Extent of field system on Easdon Down outlined. Map object based on this Source.


GetMapping, 2010, GetMapping 2010 aerial photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV351585.

Field system is visible on the 2010 aerial photography. Map object based on this source.


Bray, L., 2017, Easdon Down reave system, 13/12/2017 (Un-published). SDV360702.

SX 72687 82817 Early Bronze Age to Late Medieval
Easdon down is the site of an extensive system of reaves; the low, stony banks which constitute the remains of field boundaries dating to the Middle Bronze in the centuries around 1,500 BC. These define a co-axial field pattern consisting of a series of parallel boundaries linked by shorter boundaries at right angles defining long, narrow rectilinear fields. The system is a rare survival on an international level and as such has considerable archaeological interest based on its evidential and historical values.
The Easdon Down reave system is therefore considered to be an undesignated heritage asset although it is included on the Dartmoor National Park Authority list of Nationally Important sites as it has been identified by English Heritage (now Historic England) as meeting the criteria for Scheduling and may be so designated in the future.
Evidential and historical value.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV227880Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1983. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 2: North and East Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 49. Unknown. 208.
SDV229071Monograph: Fleming, A.. 1988. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. Hardback Volume. 29, 46, 50..
SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. 156-7.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320417Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1984. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor; Wider Implications. Landscape History. 6. Unknown. 9.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345607Cartographic: Gerrard, S.. 2006. Dartmoor Nationally Important Sites. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV351585Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 2010. GetMapping 2010 aerial photographs. Getmapping. Photograph (Digital).
SDV351773Monograph: Baldwin, J. + Butler, S. + Harper, B. + Hewitt, J. + Hugo, R. + Kapff, M. + Perkins, K. + Stewart, C. + Taylor, A.. 1999. The Book of Manaton. The Book of Manaton. Hardback Volume. 6.
SDV360702Un-published: Bray, L.. 2017. Easdon Down reave system. Non-Designated Heritage Assets. Digital. 13/12/2017.

Associated Monuments

MDV8767Parent of: Cairn with possible cist on Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV27000Parent of: Fossilised field system in woods south-west of Bowda, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV27001Parent of: Hut circle on Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV27002Parent of: Hut circle on Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV26994Parent of: Hut circle on north Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV8756Parent of: Hut Circles within Enclosure on Easdon Down, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV8766Parent of: Line of hut circles on Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV26998Parent of: Possible enclosure on Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV27003Parent of: Possible enclosure on Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV26995Parent of: Possible hut circle on Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV26996Parent of: Possible hut circle on Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV26988Parent of: Ridge and furrow within fields on Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV104912Related to: Enclosure on Easdon Down, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV27973Related to: Field system to the south-east of Easdon Down, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV26991Related to: Fossilised reave system between Bowden and Langdon, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV8757Related to: Hut circle on Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV26997Related to: Hut circle on north-east side of Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV26993Related to: Hut circle on north-western corner of Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV26999Related to: Line of trial pits on Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV15731Related to: Medieval field system on Easdon Down (Monument)
MDV26989Related to: Possible hut circle on Easdon Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7411 - North Bovey Woodlands archaeological survey

Date Last Edited:Jan 16 2018 10:41AM