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HER Number:MDV48828
Name:Possible Mill Dam south of Weycroft, Axminster

Summary

A possible dam associated with medieval mills at Weycroft is depicted on historic maps and part is visible as a linear earthwork bank on aerial photographs taken from 1947 onwards and on images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014. The segment south of the watercourse does not appear to survive as a defined earthwork.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 308 997
Map Sheet:SY39NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishAxminster
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishAXMINSTER

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 449764
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY39NW/55/3

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MILL DAM (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102713.

Osa=sy39nw10/plan.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102714.

Des=os 6" provisional(1938)72nw.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV148.

Earthen dam at sy30809970 shown on os 25" maps from 1890 to 1959 but not on that of 1972. May have belonged to medieval mills at weycroft (os).


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

A linear bank is depicted with hachures. Map object partly based on this source.


Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1974, RAF/CPE/UK/1974 FP 1424-1425 11-APR-1947 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356127.

A linear earthwork bank is visible.


Ordnance Survey, 1976, OS/76051, OS/76051 V 017-018 08-MAY-1976 (Aerial Photograph). SDV359323.

A linear earthwork bank is visible north of the watercourse and a slight earthwork bank and pale cropmark is visible south of the watercourse.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), LIDAR SY3099 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359177.

A linear earthwork bank is visible. Map object partly based on this source.


Historic England, 2015-2016, NRHE to HER prototype (Website). SDV359652.

Summary description
Earthen dam appearing on Ordnance Survey maps up to 1959 may have belonged to one of the two mills at Weycroft mentioned in Domesday Book

Full description
Two mills at Weycroft (SY 307998) returning 7
shillings and 6 pence a year, are recorded in the Domesday
Survey. (1)
An earthern dam at SY 30809970, shown on Ordnance Survey 25" maps from 1890 to 1959 but not on that of 1972, may have belonged to one of these mills. (2)

Sources
1 Devonshire Association reports and transactions 361 68, 1936 WH Wilkin
2 Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments R1 SW 9-MAY-79

Monument types, periods and evidence
DAM Early Medieval 410 EARLY MEDIEVAL 1066 EARLY MEDIEVAL DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE
DAM Medieval 1066 MEDIEVAL 1540 MEDIEVAL DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE

Related monuments
None recorded

Related events
None recorded

Related archives/objects
None recorded

Actors
Compiler STEPHEN WILLY HE NRHE Monument Inventory 09-05-1979 09-05-1979

Metadata
When created Prior to 01-APR-1999
Created by Inventory


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2016-2018, The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV359463.

A linear earthwork, visible on aerial photographs taken from 1947 onwards and on images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014, corresponds to part of a bank depicted on historic maps either side and perpendicular to a watercourse south of Weycroft Manor. At its southern end it curves around to the west. The bank has been interpreted as part of a dam associated with medieval mills at Weycroft. While there are no clear traces of the bank south of the watercourse it seems to survive well on the northern side.


Dean, R., 2018, Land at east of Axminster, Devon: Geophysical Survey (Report - Geophysical Survey). SDV361775.

This report presents the results of an archaeological geophysical survey at the site. The survey was commissioned by AC Archaeology Ltd on behalf of clients in support of a planning application.

Group 2 represents disturbed deposits and stony material with some ferrous material likely
to reflect the removal and subsequent in-filling of a former medieval dam.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV102713Migrated Record:
SDV102714Migrated Record:
SDV148Migrated Record:
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV356127Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1974. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1974 FP 1424-1425 11-APR-1947.
SDV359177Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY3099 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014.
SDV359323Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1976. OS/76051. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). OS/76051 V 017-018 08-MAY-1976.
SDV359463Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2016-2018. The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:2
SDV359652Website: Historic England. 2015-2016. NRHE to HER prototype. https://nrhe-to-her.esdm.co.uk/home. Website.
SDV361775Report - Geophysical Survey: Dean, R.. 2018. Land at east of Axminster, Devon: Geophysical Survey. Substrata. 1806AXM-R-1. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV17622Part of: Weycroft Mill, Axminster (Building)
MDV119070Related to: Extractive Pit south of Weycroft Manor, Axminster (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7508 - The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Ref: ACD1228)
  • EDV7599 - Magnetometer Survey: Land east of Axminster, Devon (Ref: 1806AXM-R-1)

Date Last Edited:Jan 25 2019 3:37PM