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HER Number:MDV48895
Name:Hut within enclosure on Shaugh Moor

Summary

A hut circle probably of Bronze Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey on the north-west facing slopes of Shaugh Moor. It is one of two located within a pentagonal enclosure. The hut circle is identifiable as a ruined structure and earthwork on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016 and visualisations derived from low resolution lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 552 628
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/35/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 422

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, RAF/106G/UK/1190 RP 3257-3258 27-FEB-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363067.

A circular bank and hollow are visible as earthworks.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0380-0382 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

A circular bank and hollow are visible as earthworks.

Price, D. G., 1973, Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor, 91 (Article in Serial). SDV147593.

Two hut circles inside enclosure.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56SE52 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138636.

(29/09/1980) On the west slope of Shaugh Moor at 295m. OD is a pound like enclosure of 0.34 hectares containing two hut circles.
The Two Type 2 (SX 56 NE 71) huts have level interiors with diameters of 8.7m. and 6.3m. and walling 1.1m. thick and 0.5m. high. They are much robbed and their entrances are uncertain. Surveyed at 1:2500 on MSD.

Collis, J., 1983, Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor, 58-60, figs 7, 9 (Article in Serial). SDV144058.

Disturbed hut circle cut into hill side, demarcated by low banks and odd stones. House V measures around 8.0 metres in diameter.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, Map 48 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Depicted and described by Butler.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

(01/12/1997) SX 5530 6283. A very fine enclosure build on a west-facing slope at 260m above OD incorporated the remains of two hut circles and traces of the reave it overlies.
SX 5529 6284. A hut circle located within the enclosure is 10.5m in overall diameter with a 7.2m diameter level interior and an 0.6m high back scarp. Its walling which as been damaged especially in the south-west quadrant survives as an 0.5m high stone and boulder core with some large inner and outer facing slabs/boulders in situ. The entrance is located in the south-west side.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5562 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A circular stony bank and hollow are visible as earthworks.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A circular bank and hollow are visible as earthworks.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A bank up to circa 3m wide is visible on aerial photographs of 1946 and 1964 as an earthwork under scrub vegetation, enclosing a roughly rectilinear hollow or terrace up to circa 7m across, within a larger enclosure on the west-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor. Linear arrangements of stones are visible on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016 set into two opposing sections of the bank.
The bank and stones are interpreted as the ruinous remains of a hut circle of probable Bronze Age date. A break in the south-west corner of the bank might be evidence of an entrance into the structure.
A second probable hut circle is visible as a more subtle earthwork immediately to the south-east.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. Map 48.
SDV138636Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56SE52. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV144058Article in Serial: Collis, J.. 1983. Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 41. A5 Paperback. 58-60, figs 7, 9.
SDV147593Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1973. Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 105. Unknown. 91.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363067Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1190 RP 3257-3258 27-FEB-1946.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0380-0382 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5562 31-MAY-2016. [Mapped feature: #123419 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV2446Part of: Enclosure 500 metres east of Huxton Farm (Monument)
MDV2590Part of: Shaugh Moor parallel reave field system (Monument)
MDV2448Related to: Hut within enclosure on Shaugh Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 18 2019 11:36AM