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HER Number:MDV48946
Name:Hut circle or cairn south of the Hentor Brook, Shaugh Prior


Hut circle or cairn on the south side of Hentor Brook is a crude circle of stones


Grid Reference:SX 589 651
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE81
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 438732
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/173/2
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/173/8
  • Old SAM Ref: 28792

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Alternate Type) CAIRN? (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Hut circle shown on 19th century map.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950/1979, SX56NE81, Hut A (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV163217.

(02/06/1950) SX 5895 6516 Hut A. One of seven originally recorded (four confirmed during visit) which have average diameters of 5.5m, height 0.3m. No obvious entrance.
(29/01/1979) Along the banks of Hentor Brook from 356.0m to 370.0m OD are eight Type 1 huts and two Type 2 huts. The internal diameters of 3.3m and walling of 1.3m width and 0.7m height. All have southern entrances and levelled interiors and the majority are in poor condition. The Type 2 huts are at SX 58946517 and SX 59076518; the latter has a windbreak and the hut at SX 59006524 has two orthostats marking its entrance. Fragments of walling are visible in places in the boggy area around the huts suggesting a possible enclosure or the remains of fields.
(Type sites 1: SX 56 SE 19, 2: SX 56 NE 71).
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140510, 08/05/1996 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(SX 5894 6516) Hut circle forming part of a partially enclosed hut settlement. It survives as a 3m by 2m internal area surrounded by a 1.4m wide and 0.4m high single orthostat and rubble bank wall. This structure is described as a Cairn by Butler, but the field evidence and its position suggests that it is more likely to be a stone hut circle.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 122, Map 49, Figure 49.8. (Monograph). SDV137656.

Hentor Brook cairn at SX58946517 of 6.0 metres diameter by 0.3 metres high close to the southern bank of the Hen Tor Brook which has been dug into.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 140/ 102.509 (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(22/03/2002) Centred SX 58986521. A cluster of six unenclosed hut circles lie in open moorland some 400 metres south of Hentor House. With one exception (Butler's 'cairn') the huts lie on the right bank of Hentor Brook. Most of the huts are poorly preserved, now existing as crude circles of upright stones but all are terraced into the gentle north-west facing slope to provide level interiors. One hut is adjoined by a short length of contemporary walling.
SX 5894 6517. A crude circle of stones 3.7 metres north to south by 3.3 metres in internal diameter with a possible entrance in the north-east.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Hut shown on survey.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Slight outline of hut identified on aerial photograph.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, UPHT-29 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(06/02/2020) Condition of hut assessed as good, although vegetation is having an impact on this feature. Entrance not clear, appears more likely to be a cairn than a hut circle.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photographs taken during February 2020 visit.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

Hut circle shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1015752 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument, which falls into three separate areas of protection, includes a partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement situated on both sides of the Hentor Brook on a gentle north west facing slope of Hen Tor. The third element of the monument is an isolated stone hut circle which lies downstream on the southern side of the Hentor Brook.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 122, Map 49, Figure 49.8..
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 140/ 102.509.
SDV163217Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950/1979. SX56NE81. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Hut A.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140510, 08/05/1996.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #122049 ]
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UPHT-29.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1015752.

Associated Monuments

MDV48945Related to: Hut circle north of Hentor Brook, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV48947Related to: Hut north of the Hentor Brook, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Jun 29 2021 3:17PM