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HER Number:MDV4905
Name:Enclosure with internal hut circle, Merrivale settlement

Summary

Part of the settlement to the south of the road. Enclosure survives as an irregular shaped area (57 metres by 31 metres), defined by a 3.0 metre wide and 1.5 metre high rubble wall which is double faced in places. The irregular shape of the enclosure may be the result of a number of earth-fast boulders being incorporated into the circuit. Some of the larger stones within the wall have been split using the tear and feather technique. A gap in the north circuit of the enclosure wall may represent an original entrance.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 555 749
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/55
  • Old SAM County Ref: 332
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 12/01/1996
  • Old SAM Ref: 24191

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57SE19 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV219145.

Enclosure EE has walls measuring on average 2.0 metres in width, average height 0.5 metres. Walls composed of boulders, many of which are partly turf covered. The enclosure has been despoiled on the north side. On the eastern side a large granite block, probably in situ is incorporated into the wall. On the western side the walls are very ragged and much despoiled. The extent of the enclosure is still very clear. Condition fair. Hut circle DD is situated within the enclosure.

NMR, 1976, SX5574/1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV276277.

Visible on aerial photograph.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Recorded during the Aerial Photograph Project.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP/133501, 133508 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(Visited 1994) Enclosure within a large partially enclosed settlement, surviving as an irregular shaped area (a 57 metres by 31 metres) defined by a 3.0 metre wide and 1.5 metre high rubble wall which is double faced in places. The irregular shape of the enclosure may be the result of a number of earth-fast boulders being incorporated into the circuit. Some of the larger stones within the wall have been split using the tear and feather technique. A gap in the north circuit of the enclosure wall may represent an original entrance.
The stone hut circle lies at SX 5552 7497, within the north-eastern part of the enclosure.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 72-74, Map 30, fig 30.5 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Butler's enclosure B. This enclosure has a peculiar outline, which appears almost designed to exclude one hut (MDV4907). None of the gaps in the walls have original features and are probably recent. The edge runner (MDV53409) lies close to the south wall.

Probert, S. A. J., 2000, The Merrivale Guardianship Area, Walkhampton, Devon (Report - Survey). SDV344969.

Fragments of four sub-rectangular enclosures are associated with the hut circles, varying in size from 0.06 hectares to 0.24 hectares they are bounded by stony banks averaging 1.5 metres and 0.6 metres high. These features have suffered heavily from stone robbing and none possess obvious entrances. Five hut circles are associated with these enclosures (8, 15, 16, 24 and 36); three are adjoined by the enclosure walls (8, 16 and 24).

Dartmoor National Park + English Heritage, 2004, Merrivale: An Archaeological Landscape (Leaflet). SDV320201.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, MER-5 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 18/09/2019. Enclosure covered with grass and reeds with a few gorse outcrops. Overall condition good. Photo taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, MER-5 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo looking 250° showing grass and reed cover with a few gorse outcrops on SE section of enclosure wall.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219145Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57SE19. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 72-74, Map 30, fig 30.5.
SDV276277Aerial Photograph: NMR. 1976. SX5574/1.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP/133501, 133508.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320201Leaflet: Dartmoor National Park + English Heritage. 2004. Merrivale: An Archaeological Landscape. A5 Stapled.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #93403 ]
SDV344969Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2000. The Merrivale Guardianship Area, Walkhampton, Devon. English Heritage. 1247982. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. MER-5.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. MER-5.

Associated Monuments

MDV4906Parent of: Hut circle 36, Merrivale Settlement (Monument)
MDV53409Parent of: Millstone within enclosure, Merrivale settlement (Monument)
MDV53409Related to: Millstone within enclosure, Merrivale settlement (Monument)
MDV53410Parent of: Slit trenches within Merrivale settlement (Monument)
MDV4897Part of: Merrivale hut circle settlement (Monument)
MDV4897Related to: Merrivale hut circle settlement (Monument)
MDV4907Related to: Hut circle 18, Merrivale Settlement (Monument)
MDV4908Related to: Hut circle 19, Merrivale Settlement (Monument)
MDV4909Related to: Hut circle 20, Merrivale Settlement (Monument)
MDV4990Related to: Hut circle 30, Merrivale Settlement (Monument)
MDV4988Related to: Hut circle 31, Merrivale Settlement (Monument)
MDV4897Part of: Merrivale hut circle settlement (Monument)
MDV4897Related to: Merrivale hut circle settlement (Monument)
MDV53409Parent of: Millstone within enclosure, Merrivale settlement (Monument)
MDV53409Related to: Millstone within enclosure, Merrivale settlement (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4830 - Survey of guardianship area, Merrivale

Date Last Edited:Sep 23 2019 10:52AM