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HER Number:MDV49055
Name:Unenclosed hut circle settlement, Walkhampton Common

Summary

Group of hut circles, a length of boundary wall and a field system forming part of an unenclosed settlement.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 561 705
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 SE 47
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/28
  • Old SAM Ref: 22272
  • Pastscape: 440161

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 4441 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951, SX57SE47 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV272512.

Group of six huts (see related records).

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX57SE47 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV337205.

Centred at SX 56137055 is a group of fourteen hut circles situated at 355 metres OD on a moderate north slope, and to the east of a reave (SX 57 SE 93).
Eight huts are of Type 1 (SX 56 SE 19) of which four are linked by walling and one has its own walled plot (see plan). Their internal diameters range from 1.8 metres to 3.8 metres with walling either of single blocks or of rubble, between 0.4 metres and 1.2 metres wide, and from 0.2 metres to 0.4 metres high. Where visible, most entrances are to the east or south-east.
The smallest hut is part of the linked group centred at SX 56087055 where there is also an oval hut, 4.7 metres from east to west and 2.1 metres from north to south.
The six huts of Type 2 (SX 56 NE 71) have very obvious levelled interiors, from 3.0 metres to 7.5 metres in diameter, and double faced walling 1.2 metres to 2.5 metres wide and from 0.4 metres to 0.7 metres high. Entrances are to the south-east save in the largest at SX 56187051, ('A' on plan), which is subdivided with one or possibly, two entrances on the west. To the north of 'A' there are the remains of two fields with substantial turf covered lynchets 0.8 metres high. Elsewhere there are very poor traces of a field system which, seen in low light, appears to be confined to about 3.0 hectares within and northward of the settlement and extending up to the reave. The field system is demarcated on the 1:10 000 Field Sheet. Settlement surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD and at 1:2500. (Quinnell, N. V., 02/06/1980)

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset. (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Unenclosed hut settlement. See related records for details.

English Heritage, 1993, Eleven stone hut circles, a length of boundary wall and a field system (Schedule Document). SDV337207.

Eleven stone hut circles, a length of boundary wall and a field system forming part of an unenclosed settlement on the north-east slope of Sharpitor.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 39, Map 45.3 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Fletcher, M. J., 2007, Survey of settlement (Report - Survey). SDV337206.

An unenclosed bronze age settlement comprising fourteen hut circles lies in a natural hollow on the lower slopes and in the shadow of the prominent clitter-covered hill called Sharpitor. Most of the huts are freestanding, although one hut is set within a small enclosure and four are linked to a curvilinear rubble wall. The largest hut is now sub-divided. This settlement is very well preserved and well defined. It lies in shallow hollow below the clitter line the lower slopes of Sharpitor on open grass moorland that is being colonised by bracken with some gorse vegetation. Surveyed at 1:2500 scale.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 39, Map 45.3.
SDV272512Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951. SX57SE47. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. [Mapped feature: #118699 ]
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4441.
SDV337205Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX57SE47. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV337206Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 2007. Survey of settlement. English Heritage. Unknown.
SDV337207Schedule Document: English Heritage. 1993. Eleven stone hut circles, a length of boundary wall and a field system. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.

Associated Monuments

MDV3763Parent of: Hut A attached to enclosure in settlement north-east of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV3764Parent of: Hut B in settlement on the north-east slope of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV3765Parent of: Hut C in settlement on the north-east slope of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV3766Parent of: Hut D in settlement on the north-east slope of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV3767Parent of: Hut E in settlement on the north-east slope of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV3768Parent of: Hut F in settlement on the north-east slope of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV48341Parent of: Hut in settlement north-east of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV48344Parent of: Hut in settlement north-east of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV48343Parent of: Hut in unenclosed settlement on the north-east slope of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV48339Parent of: Hut linked to wall in settlement on the north-east slope of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV48350Parent of: Hut linked to wall in settlement on the north-east slope of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV48340Parent of: Oval hut linked to wall in settlement north-east of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV48345Parent of: Remains of a field associated with settlement north-east of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV48342Parent of: Wall linking four huts in settlement north-east of Shariptor (Monument)
MDV48348Related to: Damaged hut in settlement north-east of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV14308Related to: Enclosure 320 metres north-east of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV48346Related to: Hut in settlement north-east of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV48347Related to: Hut in settlement north-east of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV15038Related to: The Walkhampton Common Reave (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Dec 3 2019 12:11PM