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HER Number:MDV49509
Name:Cairn at end of stone row south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor

Summary

Cairn at the head of the single stone row running in an east-west line on the south-western flank of Little Trowlesworthy Tor. Cairn is marked by a circle containing one upright and eight fallen small slabs and boulders. Within these is a slightly raised area, perhaps the remains of a cairn. There is no evidence to suggest the former presence of a cist. Previously described as a stone circle or stone setting.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 575 639
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/13/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 560B
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24229
  • Old SAM Ref: 10663

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. N., 1892, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor, 401 (Article in Serial). SDV237176.

Single stone row running west-east. It has 8 stones, all erect, columnar in type.

Worth, R. H., 1941, Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor, 232 (Article in Serial). SDV251083.

Worth states there is only one stone left standing in circle.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 292, 15 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Indications of a retaining circle around 6.1m diameter at eastern end of stone row.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SE15 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV139180.

(02/11/1950) Of the 8 possible stones of the circle that remain, 3 are standing and 5 are fallen. There is no sign of a barrow inside the circle.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX56SE15, Cairn (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV171273.

(22/05/1977) A 4.5m diameter circle of 10 stones; average height 0.4m. There is no visible cairn or cist in the centre. Two upright stones immediately to the north-west of the circle are probably associated. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on P.F.D. (1:500 enlargement survey).

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 165, Shaugh Prior 43 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(07/05/1976) Retaining circle at higher end of stone row. Circle 6m diameter.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 82, G26 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Stone circle aligned right of centre at eastern end of stone row. Measures 5.5m diameter 8 stones standing.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140523 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(10/03/1994) SX 5755 6397. Encircled cairn lies at eastern end of stone alignment. Cairn survives as a 5.75m diameter and 0.3m high mound of stones surrounded by at least 13 upright stones standing between 0.1m and 0.45m high. A hollow in the mound, measuring 3.1m by 2m by 0.3m deep, suggests partial early excavation or robbing.
This structure is described by the National Trust Inventory and depicted by the Ordnance Survey as a stone circle. A mound is however clearly visible and this feature should therefore be properly considered as a cairn.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 14, 102.042b (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Defined by three distinct orthostats and at least 20 other stones, either buried or protruding through turf. Diameter 7m. Tallest stone 1.11m high.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(16/02/2001) Cairn at the head of the single stone row running in an east-west line from the site of a possible ring cairn at the foot of the south-western flank of Little Trowlesworthy Tor.
Cairn is marked by a circle containing one upright and eight fallen small slabs and boulders. Within these is a slightly raised area, perhaps the remains of a cairn. There is no evidence to suggest the former presence of a cist.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Stones of the cairn visible on the aerial photography.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV139180Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SE15. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 14, 102.042b.
SDV171273Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX56SE15. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown. Cairn.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 82, G26.
SDV237176Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1892. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 24. Digital. 401.
SDV251083Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1941. Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 73. 232.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 292, 15.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 165, Shaugh Prior 43.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140523.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #124765 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV2557Related to: Enclosure south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV2421Related to: Stone row 440 metres south of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV2415Related to: Stone Row 550 metres south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Mar 16 2020 10:26AM