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HER Number:MDV5016
Name:Cross on Walkhampton Common

Summary

Wayside cross situated 40 metres south of a long established track running between Buckfast and Tavistock abbeys. Cross comprises the head of a Latin cross mounted on a modern shaft and set up in the original, roughly square socket stone. The medieval cross-head is 0.6 metres high by 0.6 metres wide, the modern shaft measures 1.3 metres high and the socket stone is 0.8 metres square and at least 0.3 metres thick.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 591 702
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/122
  • Old SAM Ref: 22386
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WAYSIDE CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Crossing, W., 1902, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Dartmoor, 87 (Monograph). SDV178385.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 315 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

Type A. The upper portion (head and arms) of a cross of rough rectangular section, set up on a slender modern shaft, in the ancient roughly square socket-stone.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57SE1 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV252722.

Cross on Walkhampton Common. On the moor, about a mile east of Classenwell Pool.
Height 1.8 metres, width across arms 0.6 metres, depth 0.4 metres. The socket stone in which the cross stands is 0.8 metres square, and 0.3 metres deep.


Starkey, F. H., 1983, Dartmoor Crosses and Some Ancient Tracks, 41 (Monograph). SDV345128.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130900, 6/5/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Wayside cross situated 40 metres south of a long established track between Buckfast and Tavistock Abbeys. Survives as the head of a Latin cross mounted on a modern shaft and set up in the original roughly square socket stone. The medieval cross head is 0.6 metres high by 0.6 metres wide, the modern shaft measures 1.3 metres high and the socket stone is 0.8 metres square and at least 0.3 metres thick.
The date of repair does not appear in published literature was certainly some time after 1902 when it was described by Crossing as broken with the head lying beside the socket stone in which it was once fixed. It was also noted that the socket stone had been moved and was lying in a sloping position. It is possible that the cross itself was damaged when this occurred.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Cross (restored)' is depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 27/06/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

This monument includes a wayside cross situated 40m south of a long established track running between Buckfast and Tavistock abbeys, and lies on a gentle south facing slope overlooking Newleycombe Lake. The monument survives as the head of a Latin cross mounted on a modern shaft and set up in the original, roughly square socket stone. The medieval cross-head is 0.6m high by 0.6m wide, the modern shaft measures 1.3m high and the socket stone is 0.8m square and at least 0.3m thick.
Despite limited damage, the wayside cross 910m ESE of Crazy Well Pool survives comparatively well with the socket stone, head and arms and the upper part of the shaft all being original. This cross remains in its original position alongside the track running between Buckfast and Tavistock abbeys.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV178385Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1902. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Dartmoor. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Dartmoor. Unknown. 87.
SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 315.
SDV252722Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57SE1. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130900, 6/5/1993.
SDV345128Monograph: Starkey, F. H.. 1983. Dartmoor Crosses and Some Ancient Tracks. Dartmoor Crosses and Some Ancient Tracks. Paperback Volume. 41.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #93735 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 27/06/2016.

Associated Monuments

MDV5076Related to: The Abbot's Way, Dartmoor (Monument)
MDV28177Related to: TRIAL PIT in the Parish of Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV5018Related to: Wayside cross near Crazy Well Pool, Walkhampton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Jun 12 2018 4:25PM