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HER Number:MDV50220
Name:Cairn at end of stone row on Walkhampton Common

Summary

Damaged cairn at the north-western end of a probable stone alignment (MDV50223) on Walkhampton Common. On the line of an (apparently later) reave, it measures between 6.0 and 9.0 metres in diameter (needs confirming). A number of retaining stones are visible around north-eastern edge.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 565 714
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/171/3
  • Old SAM Ref: 22323

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 1501 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX57SE104, 31/07/1980 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV242852.

On the south-east slope below Leeden Tor a row of stones extends for 147 metres between SX5654 7146 and SX5667 7143. It is aligned up the slope towards a cairn on a bearing 284 degrees grid north.
The cairn measures 5.8 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres high, with some evidence of retaining stones on its north-east. It has been 'robbed' and is now in poor condition. The cairn is incorporated in a 'branch' reave of the Walkhampton Common Reave (MDV15038) which cuts across the row (see plan) and the reave may be the cause of the poor condition of the cairn and row.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 and at 1:2500 and 1:1000 for AO records.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130812, 1992 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Visited 1992 (estimated) Round cairn, diameter 9.0 metres, height 1.0 metre. Lies on line of reave (MDV15037). A number of retaining stones visible around north-eastern edge. Appears to pre-date the reave, and is probably associated with nearby alignment (MDV50223).


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West (Monograph). SDV137656.

Scrappy remains of a single stone row now 165 metres long, descend from a badly battered cairn on the south-east slopes of Leeden Tor. The cairn is about 6.0 metres across with a large central pit and partial retaining circle.


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 20/04/2019. Diameter 6m. Slit trench 2m X 0.5m in middle of feature. Potential for flood/land wash damage in area directly to south Grass and small amount gorse. Very poor condition. Photo taken
Feature to west thought to be hut but now confirmed as gun emplacement at SX56507 71473


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 20/04/2019. Photo taken


Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Cairn is depicted on the modern mapping which is confirmed by the aerial photographs of the feature.


National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 29/06/2007 (Website). SDV362732.

The disturbed cairn and the remnants of the stone row are gradually being overwhelmed by gorse vegetation. Surveyed at 1:2500 (citing Fletcher, M. J., 29/06/2007, English Heritage Field Investigation).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume.
SDV242852Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX57SE104. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 31/07/1980.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130812, 1992.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper).
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #117193 ]
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 29/06/2007.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV57040Related to: Gun emplacement on Walkhampton Common (Monument)
MDV15037Related to: Leeden Tor cross reave, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV50223Related to: Stone row south-east of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton Common (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 3 2019 12:52PM