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HER Number:MDV5026
Name:Roundy Farmstead, Walkhampton

Summary

Roundy deserted farmstead dating to at least the early 17th century. Two buildings with yards and gardens; entrance lane from open moor; in forestry commission plantation. Shown as 'Roundepark', still roofed, on mid-19th century Tithe Map.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 577 701
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/131
  • Old SAM Ref: 22380

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (XV to XVI - 1401 AD to 1600 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 10/04/1953, 540/1040, 0129 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351329.

Photograph taken on 10th April 1953.


Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Building shown still roofed on 19th century Tithe Map in a curvilinear enclosure. The Apportionment for 'Roundepark' lists Field Number 985 as 'Houses and Court' and Field Number 986 as 'Gardens'.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Roundy Farm (Ruin)' shown on 19th century map as several small buildings in two curvilinear enclosures.


Burnard, R., 1894, Dartmoor Pictorial Records. Plymouth, 67-68 (Monograph). SDV232119.


Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 99-100 (Monograph). SDV320981.


Beckerlegge, J. J., 1939, Eighth Report of the Plymouth and District Branch, 182 (Article in Serial). SDV149484.


Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 3439-40 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.


Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 153 (Monograph). SDV231148.

Door lintel of old farmhouse, now removed to Burrator, bears the date 1668.


Linehan, C. D., 1965, Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon, 175 (Article in Serial). SDV217992.

Roundy Farm. Deserted farm site. Two buildings with yards and gardens; entrance lane from open moor; in forestry commission plantation.


Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, Table 2 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.


Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 111 (Un-published). SDV150434.

Site visited on 28th October 1966. Lintel stone bore date 1668. The farmhouse is quite small with very small windows. Fireplace could not be seen though lintel was visible. Possible stairwell with blocked doorway.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1979, South West Water Authority Burrator Survey, No.16/plans in SMR (Report - non-specific). SDV278356.

A complex of ruined farm buildings with an open sided pound to the north west. A lane can be traced leading from the farm to the open moor to the east. Substantial remains survive. There was certainly a farm here in the xvii century but it is probably very much older in origin. Trees to be cleared in 1979-80.


Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 139-140 (Monograph). SDV249702.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on Royal Air Force 1947 aerial photographs and recorded on map overlay.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133202 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 4th May 1993. Roundy Farm is situated within a large subcircular enclosure. The earliest published reference to this site is a 1609 presentment respecting the forest, and this refers to this part of the moor, and speaks of 'certayne howses' that had been erected here and of land that had been enclosed. The date at which this site was abandoned is not known with certainty, though the Tithe Map of 1839 shows the buildings still to be roofed, though by the early 20th century, when Crossing was visiting the area, the site was deserted.


White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Roundy (Un-published). SDV352501.

Roundy a deserted farmstead known as 'Roundepark'.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

Curvilinear fields shown on modern mapping with traces of walls and buildings.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, 1009084 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

Farmstead within the Scheduled Monument to the east of Raddick Lane.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, 44022, SX57SE68 (Website). SDV359354.

A deserted Medieval site, known as Roundy Farm, consisting of two buildings and enclosures.
Roundy farmstead lies within a large sub-circular enclosure. The farmhouse is terraced into the hillslope and survives as a 2-roomed building defined by a 0.7 metre wide drystone wall standing up to 2.6 metres high. The upper room measures 5.1 metres by 3.9 metres and is separated by a rubble wall from the lower room which is 3.9 metres by 3.3 metres. There were oppposed doors in the long walls of the lower room, though the eastern door is now blocked. This originally gave access to a small structure dug into the hillside, surviving as a 0.7 metre deep drystone-lined pit with internal dimensions of 2.44 metres by 1.37 metres. This is interpreted as the base of a stairwell. The west-facing door gives onto a passage leading to the farmyard. It has been suggested that this building was originally a Medieval longhouse, but much of the standing fabric probably dates to the later 17th century and the door lintel bears the date 1668 as well as the initials RC. A barn adjoins the lower side of the farmhouse, surviving as a single-roomed building defined by a 1.3 metre high drystone wall. The interior measures 7.62 metres 3.05 metres and west-facing the doorway gives onto the farmyard. East of this barn is a stone-lined hollow, 8.8 metres by 2.2 metres and up to 1.5 metres deep, interpreted as a root crop storage facility. A hollow way, 2.6 metres wide and 1 metre deep, leads to the farmstead. It is defined to the north by a drystone revetment and to the south by a drystone wall. 2 garden areas have been identified, one west of the farmstead, the other east of the barn. A third lies within an abandoned stone hut circle, 70 metre to the north-west. West of the farmstead lies a small, open-sided structure, 2.1 metres by 1.37 metres internally and defined by a 1 metre high drystone wall. This may be an outside lavatory or a dog kennel. Further west stands a 2-roomed building with walls 1metre wide and 1.1 metre high. The eastern room measures 7.32 metres by 2.44 metres and the western room is 5.79 metres by 2.44 metres. It may have provided additional storage space or an undercover work area. The earliest published reference to this site dates to 1609. It is not known when it was abandoned. A map of 1839 shows roofed buildings, but by the early 20th century the site was deserted. Scheduled.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149484Article in Serial: Beckerlegge, J. J.. 1939. Eighth Report of the Plymouth and District Branch. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 71. A5 Hardback. 182.
SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 111.
SDV217992Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1965. Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 97. A5 Hardback. 175.
SDV231148Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 153.
SDV232119Monograph: Burnard, R.. 1894. Dartmoor Pictorial Records. Plymouth. Dartmoor Pictorial Records. Plymouth. IV. Unknown. 67-68.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 139-140.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133202.
SDV278356Report - non-specific: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1979. South West Water Authority Burrator Survey. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. 18. Unknown. No.16/plans in SMR.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3439-40.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. Table 2.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 99-100.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV351329Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 10/04/1953. 540/1040. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 0129.
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Roundy.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #93749 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1009084.
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 44022, SX57SE68.

Associated Monuments

MDV52363Parent of: Building at Roundy Farm (Building)
MDV52358Parent of: Farmhouse at Roundy Farm (Building)
MDV52361Parent of: Gardens at Roundy Farm (Park/Garden)
MDV52364Parent of: Possible field barn at Roundy Farm (Building)
MDV52362Parent of: Possible kennel or lavatory at Roundy Farm (Building)
MDV52359Parent of: Possible potato cave at Roundy Farm (Monument)
MDV5027Related to: Crazywell Farmstead, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV52360Related to: Hollow way at Roundy Farm (Monument)
MDV52365Related to: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV52418Related to: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV20656Related to: Kingset Farm, Walkhampton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Feb 12 2016 11:36AM