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HER Number:MDV5083
Name:Grim's Grave cairn circle north of Langcombe Brook, Shaugh Prior

Summary

Grim's Grave cairn circle north of Langcombe Brook of 5.5 metres diameter by 0.6 metres high with a cist. The mound is surrounded by nine stones in a circle. The cist is 0.9 metres by 0.75 metres by 0.6 metres deep

Location

Grid Reference:SX 612 664
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66NW33
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/8
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/8/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 503
  • Old SAM Ref: 10673
  • Pastscape: 441653

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN CIRCLE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Kistvaen (Remains of)' shown on 19th century map.

Worth, R. H., 1890, 12th Report of the Barrow Committee, 51 (Article in Serial). SDV346007.

Worth, R. H., 1890, The Moorland Plym, 309 (Article in Serial). SDV215949.

Rowe, S., 1896, A Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor, 171-2 (Monograph). SDV249697.

Falcon, T. A., 1900, Dartmoor Illustrated, 59 (Monograph). SDV257410.

Worth, R. H., 1901, 20th Report of the Barrow Committee, 120-121/plate xvi (Article in Serial). SDV163208.

Worth, R. H., 1902, 21st Report of the Barrow Committee, 137 (Article in Serial). SDV20971.

Worth, R. H., 1937, 56th Report of the Barrow Committee, 95 (Article in Serial). SDV20973.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66NW33, SX66NW33 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV162957.

Visited on 12th September 1978. Flat topped turf covered mound of stones 4.5 metres diameter, 0.5 metres high. Peristalith has 9 upright stones from 0.6 metres to 1 metre high. Central cist has had the coverstone replaced, as in the plan of 1950.
Grim's Grave, Langcombe. A fine and perfect specimen standing in a mound surrounded by nine stones in a circle, all standing. The cover stone lay diagonally across the kist, and has now been lifted out and lies within the circle on the south side. No results from excavation, but one flint was found on the surface within a few feet of kistvaen. Stone circle (diameter 5.486 metres), kist (length 0.9 metres to 1.06 metres, breadth 0.76 metres to 0.8 metres), depth (before excavation 0.6 metres, original depth 0.96 metres) most of the stones in the circle lean outwards, due to trenching, round the circle (citing Worth).

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 163 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(19/09/1975) Cairn with retaining circle (9 stones standing in 1896), enclosing cist, placed nearly south/north; capstone in position. Diameter 5.5 metres, height 0.5 metres.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on aerial photographs used in project.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 42 72 fig 14/D20 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Turner records this as a ring setting, 3.2 metres internal diameter around a central cist. The orthostats are large, flat and pointed and tilt outwards.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 150-1, Map 50, Figure 50.2 & 50.2.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Grim's Grave cairn at SX61246641 of 5.5 metres diameter by 0.6 metres high with a cist. The name was first applied in 1872 when it was identified, on rather slight grounds, with one of the ancient boundaries of the Forest mentioned in the 1240. The retaining circle is complete with nine large slabs embedded well enough to have stayed upright despite the erosion ditch outside the ring. Two capstones were required to cover the large central cist, one lying half buried alongside the outer ring whilst fragments of the other have fallen into the cist's cavity.

Department of Environment, 1995, Grim's Grave (Schedule Document). SDV162964.

Letter dated 11th July 1995. Consent granted for removal of stranded turf from the eroded gully, infilling with degraded granite, turf where possible or cover with appropriately seeded topsoil and protect areas with gorse cuttings or twigs.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Circle of stones shown on survey.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Stone circle and cist visible on aerial photograph.

Environment Agency WMS, 2019, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362956.

Visible on Lidar data.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Grim's Grave Cairn Circle' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1018591 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This cairn lies close to the northern bank of Langcombe Brook, a tributary of the River Plym. It consists of a retaining kerb of nine, possibly ten, stones up to a metre in height, surrounding a mound 5.5 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres in height, with a central cist. The cist is 1 metre in length and up to 0.8 metres in width, and 0.9 metres in depth. Both side and end slabs are in place and the coverstone has been replaced in position. The ground outside the retaining kerb is badly eroded, leaving the monument standing above the surrounding ground level. There are several other cairns with cists in the Langcombe valley.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 150-1, Map 50, Figure 50.2 & 50.2.1.
SDV162957Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66NW33. OSAD Card. Card Index. SX66NW33.
SDV162964Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 1995. Grim's Grave. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Letter.
SDV163208Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1901. 20th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 33. Digital. 120-121/plate xvi.
SDV20971Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. 21st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Paperback + Digital. 137.
SDV20973Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1937. 56th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A4 Unbound. 95.
SDV215949Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1890. The Moorland Plym. Transactions of the Plymouth Institute. 10. Unknown. 309.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 42 72 fig 14/D20.
SDV249697Monograph: Rowe, S.. 1896. A Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Unknown. 171-2.
SDV257410Monograph: Falcon, T. A.. 1900. Dartmoor Illustrated. Dartmoor Illustrated. Unknown. 59.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 163.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV346007Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1890. 12th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 22. Hardback Volume + Digital. 51.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #130704 ]
SDV362956Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 2019. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), 2019. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1018591.

Associated Monuments

MDV5126Related to: Cairn and cist south of Langcombe Brook, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV5122Related to: Cairn with a cist between Deadmans Bottom and Langcombe Brook, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV5125Related to: Cairn with cist east of Deadman's Bottom, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV5129Related to: Cist 365 metres west of Grim's Grave, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV5086Related to: Cist between Deadmans Bottom and Langcombe Brook, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8468 - Excavation of cairn/cist at Langcombe, Grim's Grave

Date Last Edited:Jun 13 2021 9:45AM