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HER Number:MDV50845
Name:Peat Deposit at Westward Ho!

Summary

Area of peat where animal bones dated to the Roman era were found.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 431 295
Map Sheet:SS42NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishNortham
DistrictTorridge
Ecclesiastical ParishNORTHAM

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS42NW/1/7

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORGANIC DEPOSIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD (Between))

Full description

Balaam, N. D. et al, 1987, Studies in palaeoeconomy and environment in South West England: Prehistoric and Romano British sites at Westward Ho!, Devon, 166,186, 214-5 (Monograph). SDV322416.

Accumulations of animal bones in channels in Area 1 of 1984 survey. Do not relate to particular features. They are generalised scatters. Include domestic species such as cattle, sheep/goat, dog. Some evidence of butchery and dog-chewing. Also 3 red deer antlers. Piece of bone dated to 1560 +/- 80BP (HAR-6513). Adjacent group of stakes dated to 1600 +/- 80BP (HAR-6440). Other details: Archaeological & palaeo-environmental surveys 1983 & 1984.


Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J., 1993, Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements, 4 (Report - Assessment). SDV4711.


Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J., 1993, Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements, Part 1: Southern Routes, 4 (Report - Assessment). SDV4712.


Hale, C., 1994, Untitled Source (Correspondence). SDV5112.

Single antler found in this vicinity in late 1992.


Riley, H., 2002, Inter-tidal deposits at Westward Ho!, Northam, 3-5, Figs 2,4 & 5 (Report - Survey). SDV322401.

Five areas of peat were surveyed at Westward Ho! by English Heritage in 2002. The survey found substantial erosion had occured since 1984 particularly on the seaward edges of the peat. Area E was a large exposure of peat 50m north to south x 30m east to west with the northern & western edges masked by sand. This area was referred to as the 'outer peat'.


Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 127 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.


Passmore, A. J., 2009, Braunton Burrows Higher Level Environmental Stewardship Scheme. Archaeological Survey 2009 (Report - Survey). SDV344652.


Passmore, A. + Knight, S., 2009, Farm Environment Plan (FEP), Updated Spreadsheet of Archaeological Sites (Un-published). SDV344664.


Heathcote, J. + Campbell, G., 2013, NHPP 3A5 Identification of Wetland/Waterlogged Sites. 6240 Exceptional Waterlogged Heritage. Stage 1: Inventory, 25 (Report - non-specific). SDV357296.

No other similar sites in SW and a nationally important site. Mesolithic and later –including footprints. Former wet woodland and fen, now in the intertidal zone, Midden with flint artefacts, animal bone, plant environmental proxies.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV322401Report - Survey: Riley, H.. 2002. Inter-tidal deposits at Westward Ho!, Northam. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. AI/18/2002. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3-5, Figs 2,4 & 5.
SDV322416Monograph: Balaam, N. D. et al. 1987. Studies in palaeoeconomy and environment in South West England: Prehistoric and Romano British sites at Westward Ho!, Devon. British Archaeological Reports. 181. Unknown. 166,186, 214-5.
SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 127.
SDV344652Report - Survey: Passmore, A. J.. 2009. Braunton Burrows Higher Level Environmental Stewardship Scheme. Archaeological Survey 2009. Exeter Archaeology Report. 09.113. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV344664Un-published: Passmore, A. + Knight, S.. 2009. Farm Environment Plan (FEP), Updated Spreadsheet of Archaeological Sites. Exeter Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357296Report - non-specific: Heathcote, J. + Campbell, G.. 2013. NHPP 3A5 Identification of Wetland/Waterlogged Sites. 6240 Exceptional Waterlogged Heritage. Stage 1: Inventory. English Heritage. N/A. Digital. 25.
SDV4711Report - Assessment: Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J.. 1993. Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 93.25. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4.
SDV4712Report - Assessment: Turton, S. D. + Weddell, P. J.. 1993. Archaeological Assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge Tidal Waters Improvements, Part 1: Southern Routes. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 93.32. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4.
SDV5112Correspondence: Hale, C.. 1994. Letter to Historic Environment Record. Letter + Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV468Related to: Mesolithic Tools from Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV53224Related to: Peat Deposit at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV102445Related to: Peat deposits, Westard Ho! (Monument)
MDV14854Related to: Shell Middens at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV44568Related to: Submerged Forest, Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV71573Related to: Westward Ho!, Peat Deposit (Monument)
MDV71575Related to: Westward Ho!, Peat Deposit (Monument)
MDV44569Related to: Wooden Stakes at Westward Ho! (Monument)
MDV44570Related to: Wooden Stakes at Westward Ho, (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV397 - ANIMAL REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FDV396 - BONE NON SPECIFIC (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Events

  • EDV2015 - Archaeological assessment of SWW TawTtorridge tidal waters improvements
  • EDV2016 - Archaeological assessment of SWW Taw-Torridge tidal waters improvements Part 1: Southern routes
  • EDV2017 - Inter-tidal deposits at Westward Ho!, Northam
  • EDV4737 - Stewardship Scheme Archaeological Survey, Braunton Burrows

Date Last Edited:Jul 22 2015 3:41PM