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HER Number:MDV5118
Name:Hut circles in settlement near the Langcombe Brook

Summary

Two hut circles (either side of two cists) north-west of Deadman's Bottom; circular and of unusual size, but not apparently connected with any fields. The hut near Langcombe Brook is sub-rectangular, possibly Medieval. Surveyed in 2002.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 607 668
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 66 NW 40
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/37
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/37/4
  • Old SAM County Ref: 506
  • Old SAM Ref: 28787
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX66NW40
  • Pastscape: 441676

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ancient Monuments, Schedule Notes? (Schedule Document). SDV152661.

Hut circles north-west of Deadman's Bottom. Two hut circles on either side of two cists; circular and of unusual size, but not apparently connected with any fields. The hut near Langcombe Brook is sub-rectangular, possibly Medieval.

Worth, R. H., 1900, 19th Report of the Barrow Committee, 51 (Article in Serial). SDV231259.

Hut circles, connected with the kists (see Devon 113SW/19).
The south-eastern circle whose diameter was 3.8m was opened. The interior was found to be paved with flat stones. Nothing but earth was found resting on these stones. A little charcoal lay between them in the joints. The pavement when lifted proved to have been laid directly on the subsoil of decomposed granite, which normally is the colour of umber. Under the pavement it is a light brick red. At some time a considerable fire must have been maintained within the circle. The red colour goes deeper in the centre of the circle than elsewhere. These circles do not resemble the so called "sacred circles", however a feature in common is the evidence of fire which is found on excavation. There were no traces of barrows having been raised within the circles. It is suggested that cremations took place within these two circles and that the ashes were transferred to urns subsequently placed in the adjacent kistvaen.
The north-west circle with an inner diameter of 4.5m was also opened by Worth. The interior was paved with stones with a little charcoal between them. Here the pavement had been laid on the meat earth, the ground not having been cleared to the sub soil. The protective layer of earth had shielded the subsoil but slight traces of red baked clay were visible. These circles do not resemble the so called "sacred circles", however a feature in common is the evidence of fire which is found on excavation. There were no traces of barrows having been raised within the circles. It is suggested that cremations took place within these two circles and that the ashes were transferred to urns subsequently placed in the adjacent kistvaen.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66NW40, Huts A and B (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV143593.

(17/05/1950) Two hut circles correct as shown on the 6 inch map sheet.
SX 6080 6687 Hut circle A (south-eastern example). A very fragmentary hut circle consisting of a few stones. No definite entrance.
SX 6076 6689 Hut circle B (north-western hut). This hut circle is composed of only a few stones. Diameter 4.8m. No definite entrance.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SX66NW40 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV152667.

(09/09/1978) SX 6081 6687 Both features appear to be type 1 hut circles. levelled into
a slight south west slope at 390m above OD. The hut to the north-west has an internal diameter of 2.6m with on the south east, a semi circular annex 2.0m across. The hut to the south east is 3.0m internal diameter with an entrance gap on the south side. In both cases the walling is 0.6m thick and 0.4m high, with turf covering what is probably piled stones. (Type site: SX 56 SE 19).
There is no properly defined field system in the area but over some 5.0 hectares there are widely spaced and fragmentary rickles of stone (MDV57425).
These are seldom more than 10.0m long, are contour following, and seem never to have been longer than at present as if they represent clearance which never developed into recognisable fields or plots. Hut circles surveyed at 1:10000 on PFD.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on the Royal Air Force 1946/7 aerial photos.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 46 73/d28 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Turner records this as a ring setting with paved interior, 3.8m internal diameter.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140547 and 140547b, add38 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(09/05/1996) SX 6076 6690 Two stone hut circles north-west of Deadman's Bottom.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 300-2, 102.1172d (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(28/02/2002) SX 6077 6690 A sub-circular enclosure which probably represents a hut circle with an annex on the south-east side lies on a level stance. It measures internally 10.1m by 5.0m with a disturbed boulder/stone wall incorporating some upright slabs of 0.4m average height. There is no obvious entrance. A stony mound about 4.5m across and up to 0.4m high which lies to the south-east may be spoil from the excavation.
SX 6079 6689 A sub-circular stony spread probably the remains of a disturbed hut circle c 7.6 x 6.7m with a c 3.4m square hollow at its centre. There is a pronounced gap in the slope side which may be a possible entrance - an upright slab c 0.5m high and 1.1m long set in the down-slope side. There is evidence of a stony bank submerged under peat on east side.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 300-2, 102.1172d.
SDV143593Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66NW40. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Huts A and B.
SDV152661Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. Schedule Notes?. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV152667Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. SX66NW40. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 46 73/d28.
SDV231259Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1900. 19th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 32. Unknown. 51.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140547 and 140547b, add38.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown. [Mapped feature: #128548 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV5120Related to: Cist near Deadman's Bottom, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV5119Related to: Cist with ring cairn near Deadman's Bottom, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV57425Related to: Fragmentary enclosure at Deadman's Bottom (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8470 - Excavation at Deadman's Bottom

Date Last Edited:Jan 29 2021 3:31PM