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HER Number:MDV5126
Name:Cairn and cist south of Langcombe Brook, Shaugh Prior

Summary

Cairn with a cist to the south of Langcombe Brook of 8.0 metres diameter by 0.4 metres high with a cist of 0.7 metres by 0.56 metres Kistvaen. Two side stones and the western end stone are in place. The irregular shaped cover stone of 1.4 metres by 1.07 metres lies on the east side.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 612 663
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66NW34
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/42
  • Old SAM Ref: 10672

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • CIST (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1931, 50th Report on Barrows, 81 (Article in Serial). SDV152078.

Kistvaen. Two side stones and the western end stone are in place, the eastern end stone has either been removed or has fallen out of upright, the point cannot be determined without excavation. Length of kistvaen cannot have exceeded 686 millimetres, width is 559 millimetres (both internal measurements) the depth cannot be ascertained. The cover stone is very irregular, due to purely natural causes, its greatest length is 1.397 metres and its greatest width is 1.067 metres. A low cairn surrounds the grave, margined by the remains of a retaining circle, some 4.877 metres to 5.486 metres in internal diameter.

Worth, R. H., 1934, 53rd Report of the Barrow Committee, Figure 1, (Map) (Article in Serial). SDV345863.

Kistvaen. Two side stones and the western end stone are in place, the eastern end stone has either been removed or has fallen out of upright, the point cannot be determined without excavation. Length of kistvaen cannot have exceeded 686mm, width is 559mm (both internal measurements) the depth cannot be ascertained. The cover stone is very irregular, due to purely natural causes, its greatest length is 1.397m and its greatest width is 1.067m. A low cairn surrounds the grave, margined by the remains of a retaining circle, some 4.877m to 5.486m in internal diameter (worth).

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66NW34, SX66NW34 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV152079.

Visited on 17th May 1950. Previous descriptions and dimensions are accurate, with the exception of the retaining circle, which is doubtful.
Visited on 12th September 1978. As described by Worth, but the coverstone of 1 metre by 1.3 metres, has been replaced over the cist.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 163, Shaugh Prior 18 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Visited on 19th September 1975. Cairn with inner retaining circle circa 5.0 metres in diameter, enclosing cist placed east-south-east to west-north-west with an irregularly-shaped capstone. Overall diameter 18.0 metres, height 0.4 metres.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on RAF 1946-7 aerial photographs.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 74, E8 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Platform circle. Ring of orthostats, 7 metres internal diameter, encloses flat-topped cairn 0.3 metres high with central cist.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 150, Map 50, Figures 50.2 & 50.2.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Langcombe Brook '4' cairn at SX61246630 of 8.0 metres diameter by 0.4 metres high with a cist. It was first recorded in 1931. Numerous stones show through the surface, some upended in an inner ring closely surrounding the cist, and a series of larger slabs of an outer retaining circle lie around the base. The cist seems to have been dug into from the eastern end, concealed by an irregularly shaped capstone, but three sides at least are present. A small area of turf has fallen away from the north-west of the cairn revealing some neatly layered slabs around the base indicating a carefully constructed monument.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Cairn shown on survey.

Cartographic Engineering, 2006, Dartmoor 2006 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital) (Aerial Photograph). SDV345590.

Visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Cairn' with cist shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1012282 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This cairn with a cist lies close to the southern bank of Langcombe Brook, to the west of a tributary stream. It consists of a mound 6 metres in diameter and 0.4 metres in height with a possible retaining kerb visible around the north side and a cist. The cist is 1.3 metres in length, 0.7 metres in width and 0.4 metres in depth. Both side stones and the western end stone are in place, the eastern end stone and coverstone have been displaced.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 150, Map 50, Figures 50.2 & 50.2.1.
SDV152078Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1931. 50th Report on Barrows. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 63. 81.
SDV152079Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66NW34. OSAD Card. Card Index. SX66NW34.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 74, E8.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 163, Shaugh Prior 18.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV345590Aerial Photograph: Cartographic Engineering. 2006. Dartmoor 2006 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital). Digital. [Mapped feature: #130705 ]
SDV345863Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1934. 53rd Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 66. A5 Hardback. Figure 1, (Map).
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1012282.

Associated Monuments

MDV5122Related to: Cairn with a cist between Deadmans Bottom and Langcombe Brook, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV5125Related to: Cairn with cist east of Deadman's Bottom, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV5129Related to: Cist 365 metres west of Grim's Grave, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV5086Related to: Cist between Deadmans Bottom and Langcombe Brook, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV5083Related to: Grim's Grave cairn circle north of Langcombe Brook, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape

Date Last Edited:Jun 13 2021 9:45AM