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HER Number:MDV5135
Name:Northern enclosure in settlement south of Erme Pound, Harford

Summary

Northern enclosure in prehistoric settlement south of Erme Pound containing three hut circles and several courts.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 640 653
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66NW47
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/50
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/51/4
  • Old SAM County Ref: 319
  • Pastscape: 441700

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Spence Bate, C., 1871, Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor, 502 (Article in Serial). SDV277110.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 397 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Worth, R. H., 1919, 38th barrow report, 79 (Article in Serial). SDV153925.

Worth, R. H., 1943, The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor, 288 (Article in Serial). SDV320337.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 288 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66NW47 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV363655.

(05/05/1950) A fine example of an enclosure. The walling consists of very large stones reaching a height of one metre; it contains three hut-circles and a number of 'courts' situated mainly on its north and western sides. No obvious entrance.

National Monuments Record, 1976, SX6465 (Aerial Photograph). SDV151191.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

Site visited on 21st July 1976 and 17th August 1978. A large circular enclosure, length north to south circa 130 metres, width east to west circa 120 metres. Crossing gives the circumference as 426 yards (390 metres). The walling is complete, but disorderly particularly in the north wall. "a block 9ft long" in the north wall, mentioned by Crossing, is probably the largest stone in the walls. There is evidence of a 'court' at the south wall, close to a hut circle. The hut circle consists of single standing stones but is very incomplete, diameter circa 6.5 metres. The site of two more hut circles can be traced close to the south wall, but not much evidence of either of them remains. The whole site is in rather poor condition, and does not come up to the description of it given by Crossing.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SX66NW47 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV153920.

(12/01/1978) On a south-west facing slope above the River Erme at about 400 metres OD is an enclosure covering an area of approximately 1.0 hectare and measuring 130 metres by 100 metres overall. The walling consists of very large stone 2.6 metres wide and reaching a height of one metre. It contains three hut circles and a number of 'courts' situated mainly on its north and western side. Three courts measure 0 metres by 10 metres, 9 metres by 9 metres and 20 metres by 18 metres with low and fragmentary walling. The enclosure has no obvious entrance.
A hut circle is situated inside the enclosure at SX 6405 6534. Its internal diameter is 5.0 metres and it has an entrance on the south-east side. It is in a ruinous condition it may be of Type 2.
There are no traces of the two huts previously published at SX 6410 6535. There is no position evidence of clearance inside or outside the enclosure. (Type 2 huts: SX 56 NE 71). Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits (Site Visit). SDV114314.

Site visited on 19th January 1983.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Ovoid enclosure containing four hut circles visible, with six small internal walled plots around its perimeter. One of the hut circles is incorporated into one of these walled plots. Another, freestanding, hut circle, has a wall or bank attached to it. Area 1 hectare.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Enclosure shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A sub-circular enclosure of 1.2 hectares on the eastern slope of the River Erme which is the northern of two enclosures between Hook Lake and Erme Pound. The walls are very strong and well built from large boulders standing to over 1 metre high in places and although spread to 4 metres many sections of the original facings of the wall survive on both the interior and exterior. On the northern arc of the enclosure an 8 metres section of the wall appears to be absent or buried. Fifteen metres west of the breach a smaller opening appears to have been deliberately blocked by resting a 2.8 metre slab across it. Several pens have been constructed against the interior wall surviving as turf and stone banks of a much slighter construction than the main wall. Earlier depictions show more of these but at the time of the 2018 survey much of the interior was obscured by the dense growth of rushes. Two hut circles survive on the interior including one which survives as a much disturbed semi-circle of boulders. The other (see MDV5145) is in slighty better condition though covered by rushes.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV114314Site Visit: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits.
SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV151191Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. SX6465. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph.
SDV153920Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. SX66NW47. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. unjk.
SDV153925Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1919. 38th barrow report. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 51. 79.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 288.
SDV277110Article in Serial: Spence Bate, C.. 1871. Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 4. 502.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320337Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1943. The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. A5 Hardback. 288.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 397.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #125243 ]
SDV363655Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66NW47. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. unjk.

Associated Monuments

MDV5146Parent of: Hut circle to south of the northern enclosure within prehistoric settlement north of Hook Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV5146Related to: Hut circle to south of the northern enclosure within prehistoric settlement north of Hook Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV5143Parent of: Hut circle within northern enclosure at prehistoric settlement south of Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV128114Parent of: Series of 'Pens' or 'Courts' around the perimeter of northern enclosure at prehistoric settlement south of Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV5145Parent of: Two hut circles within northern enclosure at prehistoric settlement south of Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV5142Part of: Prehistoric settlement south-east of Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV3066Related to: Blackwood Path, Ugborough Moor (Monument)
MDV5137Related to: Cairn at north end of Harford Stone Row, Harford (Monument)
MDV5147Related to: Hut circle just east of Harford Stone Row within prehistoric settlement north of Hook Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV5146Parent of: Hut circle to south of the northern enclosure within prehistoric settlement north of Hook Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV5146Related to: Hut circle to south of the northern enclosure within prehistoric settlement north of Hook Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV5148Related to: Hut circle to the west of Harford Stone Row within prehistoric settlement north of Hook Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV5152Related to: Southern enclosure in prehistoric settlement north of Hook Lane, Erme Valley, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley
  • EDV8115 - Measured survey of the Hook Lake Stone alignments

Date Last Edited:Apr 20 2020 2:24PM