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HER Number:MDV5137
Name:Cairn at north end of Harford Stone Row, Harford

Summary

Cairn with retaining circle at north end of Harford Stone Row. The cairn is historically recorded as containing a cist

Location

Grid Reference:SX 641 653
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66NW48
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/51/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 319
  • Pastscape: 441705

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Spence Bate, C., 1871, Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor, 502 (Article in Serial). SDV277110.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 397 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Worth, R. H., 1919, 38th barrow report, 79 (Article in Serial). SDV153925.

Worth, R. H., 1943, The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor, 288 (Article in Serial). SDV320337.

Royal Air Force, 1946, CPE/UK 1890, 4277-8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV140289.

Photograph taken on 10th December 1946.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 288 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R., 1973, Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor, 28, Figure 7 (Article in Serial). SDV345864.

Brown Heath. Circle surveyed and measured plan published. Just to the east of the circle is a very large prostrate stone, its original position is uncertain. Possible damage by cattle pounds.

Burl, A., 1977, Stone Circles of the British Isles, 344 (Monograph). SDV260575.

Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

Site visited on 21st July 1976. In 1976 the circle consisted of nine large stones, the largest being the most northerly. Four other stones, some only fragments, showed the line of the circle. The remains of the cairn within the circle was circa 0.5 metres in height, and was hollow centred. There was no indication of a cist.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 139, Harford 3 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visited on 23rd June 1976. Cairn with retaining circle in the locality of Brown Heath at SX64106532. Diameter of circle is recorded as 9.4 meters and height 0.6 metres. It is recorded in conjunction with a cairn with a diameter of 6 metres and a height of 0.6 metres. The cairn encloses a cist. Circle is said to be “well clear of cairn”.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on aerial photographs.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 54, 78, Figure 22/f11 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Encircled cairn. Ring of orthostats 9.4 metres diameter, around a cairn 6 metres diameter and 0.6 metres high. Aligned west of centre of single stone row.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Feature shown on survey,

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A prehistoric cairn with a retaining circle which forms the northern terminal of a stone row on the east flank of the River Erme, north of Hook Lake. A fragmentary mound offset within the circle is all that remains of the cairn which has a hollowed centre but no surviving evidence of a cist. Nine slabs of the kerb are either standing or leaning and several recumbent stones on the northern arc may be fallen examples. The monument was heavily disguised by the rushes at the time of inspection in May 2018.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England, 1002493 (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

The cairn at the upper end of the alignment measures 9.2 metres in diameter, stands up to 0.8 metres high and is surrounded by a circle of stones standing up to 1.6 metres high. A number of edge set slab within the mound suggest the survival of further concentric stone rings. A cist recorded in 1871 is no longer visible and may survive as a buried feature.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 441705, SX66NW48 (Website). SDV363416.

The cairn is encircled by a peristalith of 13 stones with a max diameter of 1 metre Two are recumbent. The cairn is 0.8 metres high and is not central within the circle. The cist, again eccentric, has been robbed.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV140289Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. CPE/UK 1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4277-8.
SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV153925Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1919. 38th barrow report. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 51. 79.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 54, 78, Figure 22/f11.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 288.
SDV260575Monograph: Burl, A.. 1977. Stone Circles of the British Isles. Stone Circles of the British Isles. Unknown. 344.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 139, Harford 3.
SDV277110Article in Serial: Spence Bate, C.. 1871. Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 4. 502.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320337Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1943. The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. A5 Hardback. 288.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 397.
SDV345864Article in Serial: Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R.. 1973. Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 31. Paperback Volume. 28, Figure 7.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #125273 ]
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1002493.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 441705, SX66NW48.

Associated Monuments

MDV5136Related to: Harford Stone Row on Brown Heath in the Erme Valley, Harford (Monument)
MDV5135Related to: Northern enclosure in settlement south of Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley
  • EDV8115 - Measured survey of the Hook Lake Stone alignments

Date Last Edited:Oct 20 2020 2:22PM