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HER Number:MDV5142
Name:Prehistoric settlement south-east of Erme Pound, Harford

Summary

Prehistoric settlement to the south-east of Erme Pound includes two enclosures, a stone row, a cairn and several hut circles

Location

Grid Reference:SX 640 652
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66NW47
  • National Monuments Record: SX66NW50
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/51/5
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/52
  • Old SAM County Ref: 319
  • Pastscape: 441700
  • Pastscape: 441711

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Features shown on 19th century map with 'Enclosure', 'Stone Circle (Remains of)', 'Stone Avenue (Remains of) and groups of 'Hut Circles'.

Worth, R. H., 1943, The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor (Article in Serial). SDV320337.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66NW49, Settlement (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV151203.

Group of nine huts described by the Ordnance Survey in 1950 (see related records).

National Monuments Record, 1976, SX6465, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV151191.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SX66NW47 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV153920.

(12/01/1978) Enclosure at SX 6408 6539; see MDV5135.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SX66NW49 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV151151.

Between settlements SX 66 NW 47 and SX 66 NW 50 there are five hut circles; see related records.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SX66NW50 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV153144.

(14/01/1978) Enclosure at SX 6405 6516; see MDV5152.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Hut circles, a group of nine. Eight hut circles visible, including those at SX64006520 and SX64126532.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Features visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

'Settlements' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England, 1002493 (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

The monument includes a double stone alignment with cairn and two enclosures with stone hut circles forming part of a substantial prehistoric settlement on a south-west facing slope overlooking Hook Lake and the valley of the River Erme. The stone alignment includes two parallel lines of upright stones standing 1.4 metres apart leading downslope for 227 metres from a round cairn. The alignment includes 80 upright stones and a further 12 fallen and buried stones. The average height of the stones is 0.36 metres and the lower end of the alignment is denoted by a pair of terminal stones. The alignment has been incorporated into the wall of the southern enclosure and an unenclosed stone hut circle, providing conclusive evidence that the alignment is earlier then the settlement. It is interesting to note that the Bronze Age enclosure builders had little respect for the alignment, but perhaps superstition prevented them from removing it all together. The cairn at the upper end of the alignment measures 9.2 metres in diameter, stands up to 0.8 metres high and is surrounded by a circle of stones standing up to 1.6 metres high. A number of edge set slab within the mound suggest the survival of further concentric stone rings. A cist recorded in 1871 is no longer visible and may survive as a buried feature.
The southern enclosure survives as an irregular shaped area surrounded by a large orthostatic wall measuring up to 3 metres wide. Internally there are a series of walls forming conjoined enclosed areas and at least two stone hut circles. Two further enclosures are attached to the outer face of the main enclosure one of which incorporates two stone hut circles. Two unenclosed stone hut circles survive in the area between the enclosures.
The northern enclosure is circular in shape and also contains a series of small enclosed areas and at least four stone hut circles. A further two stone hut circles are attached to the outer face of the enclosure by two lengths of walling.
Further archaeological remains survive within the vicinity of the monument, some are scheduled, but others are not currently protected and these are not included within the scheduling because they have not been formally assessed.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV151151Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. SX66NW49. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV151191Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. SX6465. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. 1.
SDV151203Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66NW49. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Settlement.
SDV153144Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. SX66NW50. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV153920Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. SX66NW47. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. unjk.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320337Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1943. The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. A5 Hardback.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1002493.

Associated Monuments

MDV5147Parent of: Hut east of Harford Stone Row in settlement north of Hook Lake (Monument)
MDV5150Parent of: Hut on north side of enclosure in settlment north of Hook Lake (Monument)
MDV5146Parent of: Hut south of enclosure in settlement north of Hook Lake (Monument)
MDV5148Parent of: Hut west of Harford Stone Row in settlement north of Hook Lake (Monument)
MDV5135Parent of: Northern enclosure in settlement south of Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV128114Parent of: Series of 'Pens' or 'Courts' around the perimeter of northern enclosure at prehistoric settlement south of Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV5152Parent of: Southern enclosure in prehistoric settlement north of Hook Lane, Erme Valley, Harford (Monument)
MDV5143Parent of: Unlikely hut in settlement south-east of Erme Pound (Monument)
MDV5144Parent of: Unlikely hut in settlement south-east of Erme Pound (Monument)
MDV5151Related to: Hut in enclosure north of Hook Lake (Monument)
MDV5145Related to: Two partial huts in enclosure within settlement south of Erme Pound (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Oct 20 2020 3:45PM