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HER Number:MDV5152
Name:Southern enclosure in prehistoric settlement north of Hook Lane, Erme Valley, Harford

Summary

Southern of two prehistoric enclosures in prehistoric settlement to the north of Hook Lane in the Erme Valley containing one hut circle and several internal walls creating 'pens' (these were previously recorded as hut circles).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 640 651
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66NW50
  • National Monuments Record: SX66NW51
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/51/3
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/56
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/56/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 319
  • Pastscape: 441711
  • Pastscape: 441714

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Spence Bate, C., 1871, Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor, 502 (Article in Serial). SDV277110.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure shown on 19th century map with larger stones on the east side; features abutting the southern part of the enclosure wall shown (labelled as 'hut circles'); these are described as courts by the Ordnance Survey in the 1950s.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 397 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Worth, R. H., 1943, The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor, 288 (Article in Serial). SDV320337.

Royal Air Force, 1946, CPE/UK 1890, 4277-8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV140289.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66NW50 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV363654.

(05/05/1950) SX 6405 6516 Enclosure, well preserved. Contains one small hut circle and two courts situated on its southern extremity. The walling consists of large stones reaching an average height of 1m.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66NW51 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV153208.

(08/05/1950) SX 6406 6512 These are courts and not hut circles and were probably used to stockade small animals.

National Monuments Record, 1976, SX6465 (Aerial Photograph). SDV151191.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

Site visited on 21st July 1976 and 17th August 1978. A large enclosure, roughly square with rounded corners, the sides 80 metres in length. The south wall, nearest Stony Bottom, curves inwards and makes the shape seem irregular. The walls are complete, although the east wall has been somewhat broken down. Walls with height up to 1 metre with a spread to a width of circa 3 metres. Some stones in the wall are 2 metres and more in length. There is a gateway in the east part of the wall. The wall described by Ccrossing as running north to south in the western part of the enclosure is not very clear. Two 'courts' can be traced in the south east corner, one being 18.5 metres by 15 metres, the other smaller and adjoining the first is less well defined, both are bounded by the south wall of the enclosure. Outside the east wall, towards the south part, a low wall runs out for about 8 metres, and circa 28 metres further south there are traces of a similar wall running out from the enclosure. Between these two little walls there are traces of stones which suggest that there may have been a 'court' about 10 metres wide outside the east wall of the enclosure.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SX66NW50 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV153144.

(14/01/1978) At about 380m OD on a south-west facing slope above the river Erme is an enclosure of approximately 0.75 hectares, with walling of average width of 2.5m - 3.0m and a maximum height of 1.0m, constructed of large boulders with some orthostats. Attached to the north-west side of the enclosure is a yard and two hut circles (see SX 66 NW 49).
Within the enclosure is a hut circle, oval rather than circular in shape, with a maximum internal measurement of 3.7m a thickness of wall of 1.0m and an entrance on the south-west side. The walling is largely orthostatic. There is no evidence of stone clearance within the enclosure. The area is naturally fairly open and clear of rocks. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.
(Also recorded on the same day under the number SX66NW51) SX 6406 6512: There are no surveyable traces of these hut-circles.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Agglomerated and partitioned enclosure visible on the aerial photographs with two hut circles inside. The enclosure of 0.5 hectares has three elements, and has been cut by an openwork.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Enclosure shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A ruined prehistoric enclosure covering 0.6 hectares to the north of Hook Lake on the eastern bank of the River Erme, containing one stone hut circles and several internal wall banks creating 'pens'. The enclosure is approximately trapezoidal in outline but with curving corners and a serpentine south-west wall. It was of very robust construction with granite boulder walls up to 2.7 metres thick and having inner and outer face, though now spread to over 4 metres in places due to collapse. However many fragmentary lengths of the wall face survive in situ and it stands to 1 metre in height. The enclosure has no obvious remains of an entrance other than two apparent breaches on the eastern side. Slight ruinous walls divide parts of the south-west interior into 'pens' including one large elongated and two smaller crescent shaped examples.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England, 1002493 (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

The southern enclosure survives as an irregular shaped area surrounded by a large orthostatic wall measuring up to 3 metres wide. Internally there are a series of walls forming conjoined enclosed areas and at least two stone hut circles. Two further enclosures are attached to the outer face of the main enclosure one of which incorporates two stone hut circles.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV140289Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. CPE/UK 1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4277-8.
SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV151191Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. SX6465. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph.
SDV153144Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. SX66NW50. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV153208Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66NW51. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV277110Article in Serial: Spence Bate, C.. 1871. Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 4. 502.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320337Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1943. The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. A5 Hardback. 288.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 397.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #125276 ]
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1002493.
SDV363654Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66NW50. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.

Associated Monuments

MDV5151Parent of: Hut in enclosure north of Hook Lake (Monument)
MDV5149Parent of: Hut on north side of enclosure in settlment north of Hook Lake (Monument)
MDV5150Parent of: Hut on north side of enclosure in settlment north of Hook Lake (Monument)
MDV5142Part of: Prehistoric settlement south-east of Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV5147Related to: Hut east of Harford Stone Row in settlement north of Hook Lake (Monument)
MDV5146Related to: Hut south of enclosure in settlement north of Hook Lake (Monument)
MDV5148Related to: Hut west of Harford Stone Row in settlement north of Hook Lake (Monument)
MDV5135Related to: Northern enclosure in settlement south of Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Oct 20 2020 4:00PM