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HER Number:MDV5183
Name:Huntingdon Warren

Summary

Huntingdon Warren, established in 1808 for farming rabbits. This warren contains around 100 artificial pillow mounds and several vermin traps. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 653 669
Map Sheet:SX66NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NE/13
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RABBIT WARREN (XIX to XX - 1808 AD to 1930 AD (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, NMR SX6566, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV234496.


National Monuments Record, NMR SX6666, 1, 4, 9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV151758.


Royal Air Force, 1946, CPE/UK 1890, 4272, 4275-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV140289.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, 5037 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147275.


Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2494, 4117-8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147533.


Royal Air Force, 1953, 58/1110, 0043 (Aerial Photograph). SDV157241.


Cook, R. M. L., 1964, Old vermin traps on south-west Dartmoor, 196 (Article in Serial). SDV230549.

Huntingdon Warren at the head of the Avon Valley was established 1808. No sign of any trap sites in the warren. Inspected by R. G. Haynes, 1962.


Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, 113-144 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

Other details: Table 2.


Haynes, R. G., 1970, Vermin Traps and Rabbit Warrens on Dartmoor, 163 (Article in Serial). SDV166302.

(Site visited in 1962?) The pillow mounds in general have their axes down slope. Lengths vary from 9.0 meters to 44.0 meters, widths 4.5 meters to 10.0 meters, heights from 0.7 meters to 1.6 meters. 102 mounds have been identified from air photographs. Ceased to be a warren in 1882. Comprises 610 acres, bounded by rivers Wallabrook and Avon to the east and south, and by a reave to the north and west. The warren has an unusually large number of buries - at least 80. Four vermin traps have been found, suggesting perhaps an earlier warren.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX66NE43 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV234494.

In Huntingdon Warren are situated 102 pillow mounds, the majority of which have their main axes down slope. The lengths vary from 9.0 meters to 44.0 meters, widths 4.5 meters – 10.0 meters and the heights 0.7 meters - 1.6 meters. All the mounds are ditched.


Harvey, N., 1980, Untitled Source (Monograph). SDV234502.


Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 309-313 (Monograph). SDV249702.

Huntingdon Warren and house existed here prior to 1809, when a lease was granted to Thomas Michelmore to work the warren. Walls enclosing the uninclosed land on the hill were built between 1809 and 1819, as per the conditions of the lease. The vermin traps are likely to be later. Hemery believes a longhouse and smaller warren predated Huntingdon Warren, the remains of which would have been reused in the building of Huntingdon Warren House. Warrening at Huntingdon ceased shortly after the Great War, although the house was lived in until 1956.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1983, Untitled Source (Monograph). SDV234503.

Other details: Plate 89.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

The boundaries to Huntingdon Warren: Western Walla Brook from SX66476803 to SX66506615, River Avon from SX66506615 to SX66016614, wall from SX66016614 to edge of map at SX65006700, linear feature from SX65006741 to SX66476803.
Total enclosed area 250 hectares. Main concentration of pillow mounds between SX665673 and SX663663, below the 1450 foot contour. 75 pillow mounds are visible, mostly in south-east of the warren, near Western Walla Brook.
There is evidence of extensive mining within boundaries with deserted buildings and field system. SX66NW/99.


Griffith, F. M., 1990, QG, 4-7 (Aerial Photograph). SDV234504.


Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East (Monograph). SDV337765.

Warren depicted on Butler's map. Other details: Map 58.


Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1993-1998, Dartmoor Royal Forest Project (Report - Survey). SDV346608.

Centred at SX665669. The remains of a large 19th century enclosed warren comprising 116 pillow mounds, a destroyed Warrener's House and a complex series of drainage channels lies on the east, south and west flanks of Huntingdon Warren some 8.0 kilometres west of Buckfastleigh. (For the warren-house, see 14372).
The most numerous features of this area are the well-built pillow mounds which average 5.5 meters wide but vary in length from 5.2 meters to 42.5 meters and stand between 0.5 meters and 2.0 meters high. Most possess drainage ditches and are positioned across the contours. Several of these mounds are irregular or ovoid in shape and two are obviously unfinished.
To protect the mounds from waterlogging a number of drainage channels were constructed on the southern flank of the warren. The lower portions of these utilise former tinners openworks and measure up to 10.0 meters wide and 5.0 meters deep while the upper extremities of this system are little more than leats around 1.0 meters wide and 0.5 meters deep. Overall they form a grid pattern running diagonally across the slope. Other details: A detailed report and large scale survey are deposited in the archive..


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV140289Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. CPE/UK 1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4272, 4275-6.
SDV147275Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 5037.
SDV147533Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2494. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4117-8.
SDV151758Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. NMR SX6666. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. 1, 4, 9.
SDV157241Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1953. 58/1110. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 0043.
SDV166302Article in Serial: Haynes, R. G.. 1970. Vermin Traps and Rabbit Warrens on Dartmoor. Post-Medieval Archaeology. 4. A4 Bound. 163.
SDV230549Article in Serial: Cook, R. M. L.. 1964. Old vermin traps on south-west Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 96. 196.
SDV234494Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX66NE43. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV234496Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. NMR SX6566. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1.
SDV234502Monograph: Harvey, N.. 1980. Industrial Archaeology of Farming in England and Wales. Hardback Volume.
SDV234503Monograph: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1983. Farms in England: Prehistoric to Present. Paperback Volume.
SDV234504Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1990. QG. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4-7.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 309-313.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. 113-144.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #94105 ]
SDV346608Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1993-1998. Dartmoor Royal Forest Project. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV24764Parent of: Enclosure, Huntingdon Warren (Monument)
MDV24763Parent of: Square enclosure, Huntingdon Warren (Monument)
MDV112646Parent of: Vermin trap in Huntingdon Warren (Monument)
MDV14373Parent of: Vermin trap, Huntingdon Warren (Monument)
MDV14374Parent of: Vermin trap, Huntingdon Warren (Monument)
MDV14375Parent of: Vermin trap, Huntingdon Warren (Monument)
MDV107784Related to: Aircraft crash site near Huntingdon Warren (Monument)
MDV107785Related to: Aircraft crash site on Brent Moor (Monument)
MDV5186Related to: Clapper bridge north-west of Buckland Ford (Monument)
MDV80401Related to: Huntingdon Warren leat (Monument)
MDV24788Related to: Leat west of Huntingdon Warren (Monument)
MDV14372Related to: Warren House, Huntingdon, Lydford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Dec 19 2016 3:43PM