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HER Number:MDV5216
Name:Settlement north of Snowdon Brook


Hut circle settlement between the River Mardle and Snowdon Brook. Remains of an enclosure with associated banks and three hut circles. This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.


Grid Reference:SX 678 682
Map Sheet:SX66NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWest Buckfastleigh
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKFASTLEIGH

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Walling remains of a Bronze Age settlement consisting of two joined enclosures with associated internal hut circles and a number of unenclosed huts to the east of the enclosures north of Snowdon Brook

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NE/36

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, NMR SX1747, 403 (Aerial Photograph). SDV345913.

National Monuments Record, NMR SX6562, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV345908.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, 5035-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147275.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1970, SX66NE7 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV147274.

Group of seven or more hut circles situated on the site of a Services battle-course and have suffered considerably as a consequence.
Hut A measures 8.0 meters in diameter and has no obvious entrance. The walls of this hut are fragmentary, and consist of large fallen stones.
Hut B measures 8.5 meters in diameter and is constructed of turf-covered stones, which have disappeared in the southern quadrant, probably taking the entrance with them.
Hut C and D – no trace was found of these circles (may not exist).
Hut E measures 9.0 meters in diameter and its walls are constructed of large stones and turf, with an entrance to the south-east. Hut F – no trace was found of this hut.
Several mounds within the settlement are likely to be clearance cairns, not prehistoric cairns. Evidence was provided by examining one of the mounds that had been cut into, which proved to contain very small stones, rather than the large stones that normally compose a prehistoric cairn. (21/10/1950)
These huts have been destroyed with the exception of SX67936827. The fragmentary remains of a Type 2 hut circle. The internal diameter is about 6.0 meters, the walls 1.2 meters wide. SX67786827. A Type 2 hut circle with an internal diameter of 8.0 meters and walls of 1.2 meters wide. It is in fair condition. (28/6/1977)

National Monuments Record, 1979, NMR SF1457, 441 (Aerial Photograph). SDV172921.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

None of these features were visible on the National Monuments Record or Royal Air Force aerial photographs but see hut circle SX66NE/228 and enclosures SX66NE/240,230.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 167 (Monograph). SDV337765.

The two settlements between the Rover Mardle and the Snowdon Brook are both fairly overgrown although this settlement, including roughly rectangular enclosure is easily located at the upper end of four large tinner’s pits. A curved bank runs south from the enclosure towards Snowdon Brook and some sections of bank (part of which may represent the remains of a circular enclosure) are located north of the rectangular enclosure towards to River Mardle. Two hut circles are located in close proximity to the enclosure and a third isolated circle noted to the north-east of the tinner’s pits. Other details: Map 58, 5.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV147274Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1970. SX66NE7. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV147275Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 5035-6.
SDV172921Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. NMR SF1457. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. 441.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 167.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #94226 ]
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345908Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. NMR SX6562. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. 2.
SDV345913Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. NMR SX1747. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. 403.

Associated Monuments

MDV24689Parent of: Enclosure with hut circle north of Snowdon Brook (Monument)
MDV24690Parent of: Enclosure with hut circle north of Snowdon Brook (Monument)
MDV24777Parent of: Hut circle near enclosure north of Snowdon Brook (Monument)
MDV5306Related to: Enclosure north of Snowdon Brook (Monument)
MDV24735Related to: Streamworks along the River Mardle at Chalk Ford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Dec 5 2017 10:03AM