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HER Number:MDV5219
Name:Cairn at Puper's Rock on Buckfastleigh Moor, West Buckfastleigh

Summary

Cairn at Puper's Rock on the summit of Pupers Hill. This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 672 673
Map Sheet:SX66NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDean Prior
Civil ParishWest Buckfastleigh
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKFASTLEIGH

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Pupers Reave and Pupers Rock Cairn. Earthwork and stone remains of a Bronze Age reave, enclosure with hut circle and cairns across Buckfastleigh and Dean Moors bisected by 16th-17th century openworks on western side of Lambs Down

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66NE10
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NE/39
  • Pastscape: 441378
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RING CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, NMR SX6767, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV145368.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 137 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

No definite trace of cairn could be found. (Visited 11/10/1975).

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Puper’s Rock is a natural outcrop at 455 meters above sea level, some 10.0 meters across and 2.0 meters high, encompassed by a mass of small stones. Most are piled to the west of the outcrop but overall they form a cairn 16.0 meters in diameter and 1.0 meter high. On the southern side the precise perimeter is difficult to determine since a spread of stone on the surface extends for a further 8.0 meters. The structure is much disturbed but appears to have originally had a flat top with a rim, 2.0 - 3.0 meters wide and 0.5 meters high, around the western half. There are five upright slabs on the top angled to blocks of outcrop.
Recorded in Project.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 37 69 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Ring cairn incorporating a large flat-topped granite outcrop. The stone ring measures 17 meters in diameter internally with 2.5 meter wide bank 0.6 meters high. There are the remains of a stone circle, around 1.0 meter high within the outcrop. Other details: A58.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 170-1, Map 58 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Pupers Hill summit cairn at SX67276737 of 27 metres diameter by 1.0 metres high. The summit outcrop is surrounded by loosely piled stones spreads in all directions with the only unusual feature being the large slabs upended amongst the rocks. At one time the hilltop was a favoured source of stone and immediately south of the cairn are numerous pits and shattered blocks with the characteristic marks of stone-mason's tools.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 441378, SX66NE10 (Website). SDV363416.

Site visited in 1950. Pupers Rock either a truncated cairn or a ring cairn, built around a tor. Diameter 22 meters, height 1.2 meters.
Field Investigation on 20th December 1977. Pupers Rock is a natural outcrop at 455 metrs OD, some 10.0m across and 2.0 metres high, encompassed by a mass of small stones. Most are piled to the west of the outcrop but overall they form a cairn 16.0 metres in diameter and 1.0 metre high. On the southern side the precise perimeter is difficult to determine since a spread of stone on the surface extends for a further 8.0 metres. The structure is much disturbed but appears to have originally had a flat top with a rim, 2.0 metres to 3.0 metres wide and 0.5 metres high, around the western half. There are five upright slabs on the top angled to blocks of outcrop. They form no particular pattern but are unlikely to be a natural occurence.
Pupers Rock is incorporated in the Pupers Hill reave. This does not encroach upon the body of the cairn but uses the point for a change of alignment.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Pupers Rock Cairn' shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV145368Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. NMR SX6767. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. 1.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 37 69.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 137.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 170-1, Map 58.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 441378, SX66NE10.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #94238 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV13191Related to: Cairn 80 metres north-east of Puper's Rock, West Buckfastleigh (Monument)
MDV13205Related to: Inner Pupers Cairn on Buckfastleigh Moor, West Buckfastleigh (Monument)
MDV13188Related to: Puper's Reave, Buckfastleigh Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Mar 2 2021 10:50AM