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HER Number:MDV52358
Name:Farmhouse at Roundy Farm

Summary

Remains of the farmhouse terraced into the hillslope, surviving as a 2-roomed rectangular building defined by a 0.7 metre wide drystone wall standing up to 2.6 metres high. Possibly originally a medieval long house.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 578 701
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/131/1/1
  • Old SAM Ref: 22380

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMHOUSE (Built, Early Medieval to XVII - 1066 AD to 1668 AD (Between))

Full description

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 100 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Linehan, C. D., 1965, Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon, 175 (Article in Serial). SDV217992.

Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 111 (Un-published). SDV150434.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX57SE68 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV240099.

Worth, R. H., 1981, Dartmoor, 153 (Monograph). SDV231173.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133202, 04/05/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

The farmhouse is terraced into the hillslope and survives as a two-roomed rectangular building defined by a 0.7m wide drystone wall standing up to 2.6m high. The upper room measures 5.1m by 3.9m and is separated by a rubble partition wall from the lower room which is 3.9m long and 3.3m wide. Opposed doorways in the long walls of the building are visible within the lower room, although the east facing example is now blocked. This doorway gave access to a small structure which had been excavated into the hillside and now survives as a 0.7m deep drystone lined pit with interior dimensions of 2.44m by 1.37m. According to Haynes (1966) this structure may represent the site of a stairwell. The west facing doorway leads onto a stone revetted passage giving access to the farmyard. This passage would have provided cover against the prevailing westerly winds. It has been suggested that this building was originally a Medieval longhouse. The surviving field evidence, including the opposed entrances, shape and orientation of the building relative to the prevailing slope, would certainly seem to support this identification, although much of the standing fabric may date to the later part of the 17th century. Evidence to support this suggestion is provided by the door lintel stone which bears the letters RC and the date 1668. This stone can no longer be seen at the farm and according to Worth it was removed to Burrator. Crossing considers that the initials RC are those of Richard Crymes, whose family were long seated at Crapstone, in Buckland Monarchorum, and to which the manor was granted at the dissolution.
A barn or shippon is attached to the lower side of the farmhouse and survives as a single roomed rectangular building defined by drystone walling standing up to 1.3m high. The interior of this structure measures 7.62m by 3.05m, doorway faces west and leads directly into the farmyard.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Ruined building visible on the aerial photography.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, WLK-120 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 06/01/2020. Overall condition moderate. Photo x2 taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, WLK-120 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo 1: View of farmhouse looking 170° showing grass/moss and bracken cover with outcrops of reeds. Photo 2: View of shippon looking 310° showing grass/moss and bracken cover with outcrops of reeds.

Historic England, 2019, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV362730.


The farmhouse is terraced into the hillslope and survives as a 2-roomed building defined by a 0.7 metre wide drystone wall standing up to 2.6 metres high. The upper room measures 5.1 metres by 3.9 metres and is separated by a rubble wall from the lower room which is 3.9 metres by 3.3 metres. There were opposed doors in the long walls of the lower room, though the eastern door is now blocked. This originally gave access to a small structure dug into the hillside, surviving as a 0.7 metre deep drystone-lined pit with internal dimensions of 2.44 metres by 1.37 metres. This is interpreted as the base of a stairwell. The west-facing door gives onto a passage leading to the farmyard. It has been suggested that this building was originally a Medieval longhouse, but much of the standing fabric probably dates to the later 17th century and the door lintel bears the date 1668 as well as the initials RC.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 111.
SDV217992Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1965. Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 97. A5 Hardback. 175.
SDV231173Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1981. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. 153.
SDV240099Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX57SE68. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133202, 04/05/1993.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 100.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #94281 ]
SDV362730National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2019. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-120.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-120.

Associated Monuments

MDV5026Part of: Roundy Farmstead, Walkhampton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Feb 28 2020 12:18PM