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HER Number:MDV525
Name:Buckland Brewer, Enclosure Camp


Prehistoric univallate hill fort surviving as an earthwork in Buckland Wood.


Grid Reference:SS 431 201
Map Sheet:SS42SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBuckland Brewer
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKLAND BREWER

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Prehistoric univallate hillfort and linear north of Buckland Wood

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS42SW/11

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Iron Age - 700 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Parry, J. A., 1867, Ancient Fortifications in the Neighbourhood of Bideford, 102 (Article in Serial). SDV16205.

Wall, J. C., 1906, Ancient Earthworks, 591-2 (Article in Monograph). SDV341465.

Earthwork camp in Buckland Wood. Sub-rectangular earthwork. An irregular elliptical camp, protected by a double vallum and intermediate fosse. Some distance to the west of the camp, a tunnel running east to west was discovered recently by the soil falling into it leaving some 7.5 meters with the roof intact (see PRN 11760). Description of site, plan and section given. Other details: Plan & Section.

Allcroft, A. H., 1908, Earthwork of England, 193 & 195 (Monograph). SDV11975.

The overlap at the entrance is as much as 200 feet, further complicated by the hollow mound in the middle. Other details: Plan.

Doe, G. M., 1925, Encampments in Buckland Brewer and Frithelstock Parishes (Article in Serial). SDV18765.

The earthwork is still surrounded by its aggers and double fosse and is tolerably perfect (citing Parry).

Royal Air Force, 1947, CPE/UK 1989, 2020-2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV336892.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1953, SS42SW3 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV336890.

Earthwork situated on eastern end of a ridge with land falling away on all but the west side. Almost ploughed out, now consists of glacis type bank whose lower slopes fade into natural slope of the hill. In the north-west corner, a hollow east to west loop may be part of a natural landfault. No trace of entrance or of habitation sites. Not visible on aerial photographs. Other details: Plan & section.

Hogg, A. H. A., 1979, British Hillforts: An Index, 192 (Monograph). SDV7953.

NMR, 1980, SS4320, 1/400-3 & 3-18 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV336891.

The earthwork has been eroded since the revision of 1953. The outer face of what was the inner rampart is a smoothed change of slope rather than a scarp & this fades away at the southeast angle. There is now no evidence of a double rampart & ditch as noted by Parry & it seems that only a medieval ditch was visible in 1906. If Wall is correct it seems that it was deliberately slighted during its conversion to arable. Univallate hill fort covering 1 hectare (citing Hogg).

Horner, B., 1992, DAP/VO, 00-1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV122355.

Horner, B., 1992, DAP/VP, 34-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV336893.

Miller, A., 1995, Untitled Source (Interpretation). SDV237339.

Dated 22nd November 1995.

Wessex Archaeology, 2007, Historic Environment Audit of Devon County Farms. Pilot Project. Results of North Hele Farm, Buckland Brewer, Bideford, 6 (Report - Assessment). SDV338478.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV11975Monograph: Allcroft, A. H.. 1908. Earthwork of England. Earthwork of England. Unknown. 193 & 195.
SDV122355Aerial Photograph: Horner, B.. 1992. DAP/VO. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 00-1.
SDV16205Article in Serial: Parry, J. A.. 1867. Ancient Fortifications in the Neighbourhood of Bideford. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 2 Part 1. Unknown. 102.
SDV18765Article in Serial: Doe, G. M.. 1925. Encampments in Buckland Brewer and Frithelstock Parishes. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 57. A5 Hardback.
SDV237339Interpretation: Miller, A.. 1995. RCHME Aerial Photograph Primary Recording Project. Digital.
SDV336890Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1953. SS42SW3. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV336891National Monuments Record Database: NMR. 1980. SS4320. NMR Index. Card Index. 1/400-3 & 3-18.
SDV336892Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. CPE/UK 1989. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2020-2.
SDV336893Aerial Photograph: Horner, B.. 1992. DAP/VP. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 34-6.
SDV338478Report - Assessment: Wessex Archaeology. 2007. Historic Environment Audit of Devon County Farms. Pilot Project. Results of North Hele Farm, Buckland Brewer, Bideford. Wessex Archaeology Report. 64350.12. A4 Stapled + Digital. 6.
SDV341465Article in Monograph: Wall, J. C.. 1906. Ancient Earthworks. Victoria History of the County of Devon. Hardback Volume. 591-2.
SDV7953Monograph: Hogg, A. H. A.. 1979. British Hillforts: An Index. British Hill-forts: An Index. 62. Unknown. 192.

Associated Monuments

MDV11760Related to: Buckland Brewer, Tunnel (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Mar 31 2017 11:59AM