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HER Number:MDV5253
Name:Michelcombe Arrishes Farmstead on Holne Moor, Holne


Michelcombe Arrishes a deserted medieval farmstead on Holne Ridge with several buildings and a field system


Grid Reference:SX 680 688
Map Sheet:SX66NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHolne
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHOLNE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66NE45
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NE/65
  • Old SAM Ref: 34427
  • Pastscape: 441485

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

'Mitchelcobe Arrishes' shown on 19th century Tithe Map but no buildings or field boundaries shown. The Apportionment for 'Holne' lists Field Number 59 as 'Michelcombe'.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Only the 'Wheal Emma Leat' forming the southern boundary visible on 19th century map.

Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One, 302 (Monograph). SDV1312.

'Holne Moor' is mentioned as 'Sowtholnemore' in the 13th Buckfast.

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 58/1110.0023 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Photograph taken on 5th May 1953.

Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, 10,T able 2 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

Holne Ridge. Three buildings with enclosures.

Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 51, Plan (Un-published). SDV150434.

Site visited on 12th March 1968. A group of two cross-passage longhouses in extensive and very old enclosures at the south east end of Holne Moor. Both longhouses appear to have had internal room-divisions. A small building probably rectangular with one door, is dilapidated and indistinct.

Hills, D., 1983, Holne Moor Settlement (Worksheet). SDV147704.

Site visited on 15th June 1983. Michelcombe Arrishes settlement. The settlement consists of two substantial houses, one refurbished hut circle, and two ancillary buildings, one of which could be a corn dryer. An area of ridge and furrow lies to the east and there are two or three systems of terracing and/or lynchetting. Complex field system of small enclosures. Measured drawings of buildings and sketch plan supplied. The leat that cuts this settlement is the Wheal Emma Leat, constructed in 1859.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Buildings not visible on aerial photograph.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 152621 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 169, Map 58, Figure 58.6 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Medieval farmstead within 'Holy Brook field system' with an associated field system.

Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P., 1997, Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV173671.

Holne Moor Survey with a plan at 1:2500.

White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Holne Moor (Un-published). SDV352501.

Holne Moor deserted farmstead.

Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

'Farmstead' shown on modern mapping as five small buildings with several complete and partial field boundaries.

English Heritage, 2015, National Heritage List for England, 1019591 (National Heritage List for England). SDV357602.

Medieval farmstead and field system, Post-Medieval tinworks, Prehistoric settlements and cairns north and west of Gibby Coombe.

National Monument Record, 2015, Pastscape, 441485, SX 66 NE 45 (Website). SDV357603.

A deserted site, including three buildings together with enclosures at Holne Ridge, Holne.
This deserted Medieval site consists of four buildings, two terraces and associated enclosures, situated upon a small natural terrace on a steep, well drained, south east facing slope.
The buildings comprise two long houses. One 14.4 metres by 3.7 metres internally, has rubble walls 1 metre wide, rounded corners and a cross passage towards the lower, south east end.
The other, 13 metres by 4.2 metres internally, has walling 0.8 metres wide, rounded corners, a cross passage towards the lower east end and evidence of internal divisions.
There are two further rectangular buildings: The first 7.5 metres by 4.4 metres internally, has walls 0.8 metres wide, and the second 9 metres by 6 metres internally, has tumbled walls about 1.5 metres wide. The two terraces measure 14 metres by 5 metres ands 0.6 metres high with a large boulder revettment 1.3 metres wide and 13 metres by 5 metres and 0.4 metreshigh. These may be the sites of previous longhouses.
Enclosures are delineated by walls, 1 metres to 2 metres wide, which abut two of the buildings, and extend over several hectares of the hillside.
A cluster of three Medieval or later buildings and one building platform lie in a sheltered south-east facing combe on the south-east flank of Two Barrows Hill. Only one of these structures, at SX68076883, can be identified as a true longhouse. The long tapering building has been terraced into the slope with a cross-passage slightly off centre making the dwelling larger than the shippon. The dwelling end measures 7.5 metres by 3.9 metres with traces of a lateral sub-division or fireplace at the upper, west end. There are no traces of dividing walls flanking the cross-passage and the shippon measures 6.0 metres by 2.8 metres wide at the lower, east, end. The now bracken covered walls remain around 1.2 metres wide and a maximum of 0.6 metres high. A second large rectangular building lies to the north at SX 68086887. Situated on relatively level ground it too possesses traces of a cross-passage but the interior is divided into three rooms, the largest being in the middle of the building with access from it to the others. In plan this building resembles a small hall with overall internal measurements of 12.5 metres by 3.4 metres. A third very poorly constructed building is situated at SX 68106884. Cut into the gently sloping ground this round-ended structure measures 6.8 metres by 2.7 metres internally with coursed buolder walls 1.0 metres wide and 0.5 metres high. Traces of an entrance lie slightly east of centre in the north side. A possible fireplace is visible in the lower, east,end. The fourth building is very poorly preserved and is probably the result of disturbance to a contemporary field wall by the constructors of the Wheal Emma Leat. The larger of the two platforms centred roughy at SX 68136888 is a lynchet type field boundary beyond the north wall of the site but the smaller, centred at SX 68096885, and approximately 13 metres by 5 metres appears to be genuine and lies in the centre of the settlement.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1312Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback. 302.
SDV147704Worksheet: Hills, D.. 1983. Holne Moor Settlement.
SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 51, Plan.
SDV173671Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P.. 1997. Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 152621.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. 10,T able 2.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 169, Map 58, Figure 58.6.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 58/1110.0023.
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Holne Moor.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #94343 ]
SDV357602National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2015. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1019591.
SDV357603Website: National Monument Record. 2015. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 441485, SX 66 NE 45.

Associated Monuments

MDV62223Parent of: Central Building at medieval farmstead on Holne Moor, Holne (Building)
MDV62222Parent of: Northern building at Farmstead, Holne Moor, Holne (Building)
MDV62221Parent of: Western Building at Farmstead, Holne Moor, Holne (Building)
MDV62031Related to: Building south of medival homestead, Holne (Monument)
MDV62235Related to: Clapper Bridge, Wheal Emma Leat, Holne Moor, Holne (Monument)
MDV62029Related to: Hut circle west of the Gibby Coombe, Holne (Monument)
MDV24755Related to: Medieval field system north and west of Gibby Combe, Holne (Monument)
MDV6268Related to: Wheal Emma Leat (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7062 - Survey of the Wheal Emma Leat, Dartmoor
  • EDV7100 - Holne Moor Survey

Date Last Edited:Jan 6 2021 10:18AM