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HER Number:MDV5254
Name:Ruined farmstead on Scorriton Down, West Buckfastleigh

Summary

Ruined farmstead dates to at least the early-mid 19th century, based on cartographic evidence, but may have earlier origins; possibly in the medieval period. Depicted on the Tithe Map, it was still occupied in the early 19th century but was deserted some time afterwards.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 682 684
Map Sheet:SX66NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWest Buckfastleigh
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishWEST BUCKFASTLEIGH

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 66 NE 49
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NE/66
  • Pastscape: 441491

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (Early Medieval to XIX - 1066 AD? to 1840 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

'Scorraton Down' is depicted on the Tithe Map, consisting of an L-shaped range of buildings around the west and south sides of the yard and a further rectangular building along the northern side of the yard. Number 7 on the apportionment.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Remains of the farm are depicted on the late 19th century historic map, although it is not labelled.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, 5034-5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147275.


Royal Air Force, 1953, RAF/58/1110, 0023 (Aerial Photograph). SDV142083.


Linehan, C. D., 1965, Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon, 172 (Article in Serial). SDV217992.

Scorriton down, ruined farmstead comprising, four buildings, all showing late development and having gardens and enclosure; recently abandoned.


Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, table 2 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.


Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 122, 20/1/1968 (Un-published). SDV150434.

Two dwelling houses, at right angles, with a barn on the north side of the yard. The western house appears to be of cross-passage type with lobby and outshot. This building appears to be of dry stone. The southern house is mortared but so ruined that no internal divisions can be detected. A walled track passes east to west, probably an access road to tin workings.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX66NE49 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV147740.

SX 68286843. This deserted farm consists of three buildings, 22 metres by 4 metres internally, walls 0.5 metres wide on offset footings, probably the farm house; 19 metres by 4.5 metres internally, with outshot, 5 metres by 3 metres internally at rear, walls 0.5 metres wide; and 14 metres by 5.5 metres, walls 0.8 metres wide, one side open; built around a yard. The walls, of coursed rubblestone, bonded by lime mortar, and with dressed quoins, stand to a height of 2.0 metres and are of post Medieval build.
The farm is named as 'Scorriton Down' on the Tithe Award of 1836, when it was inhabited. It is fast becoming an obsolete ruin. Although the farm site may be of Medieval origin, there is no visual evidence to support this view.
1:10 000 survey revised on PFD.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on the aerial photographs used in project.


Gerrard, S., 1993-2002, Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report (Report - non-specific). SDV145710.

Considered under the Monument Protection Programme but not recommended for scheduling.


White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads (Un-published). SDV352501.

Scorriton Down included in list; no further information provided.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

Ruins of the farm are depicted on the modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV142083Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1953. RAF/58/1110. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 0023.
SDV145710Report - non-specific: Gerrard, S.. 1993-2002. Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report. English Heritage. Unknown.
SDV147275Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 5034-5.
SDV147740Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX66NE49. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 122, 20/1/1968.
SDV217992Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1965. Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 97. A5 Hardback. 172.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. table 2.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #94354 ]

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:May 9 2016 10:29AM