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HER Number:MDV5262
Name:Hut 1 in settlement on Dean Moor

Summary

Hut 1. Situated on a little rise in north-west corner of the pound. It had a low external wall on the south side, extending 15 metres downhill towards hut 5a. Not a true circle. Walls were faced with boulders up to 1.22 metres long, laid horizontally and not bedded into the natural soil, with a core of small stones. Entrance on west side, badly ruined by collapse of one of the transverse side-slabs.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 677 654
Map Sheet:SX66NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDean Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishDEAN PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NE/73/2
  • Old SAM County Ref: 282/1

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Fox, A., 1957, Excavations on Dean Moor in the Avon Valley, 1954-1956, 37-9 fig.6-7, pl.111 (Article in Serial). SDV167114.

Hut 1 is situated on a little rise in north-west corner of the pound. It had a low external wall on the south side, extending 15 metres downhill towards Hut 5A. Not a true circle. Walls were faced with boulders up to 1.22 metres long, laid horizontally and not bedded into the natural soil, with a core of small stones.
Entrance on western side, badly ruined by collapse of one of the transverse side-slabs. The entry was cobbled and the approach paved, extending for 1.8 metres outside the hut and screened by three boulders from the north.
Inside the floor deposits were of two kinds: on the upper side beneath peaty soil and stone debris was a 76 millimetre occupation layer above the yellow subsoil with a consolidated surface of small grits, some paving and a patch of cobbling towards the back of the hut, making a fairly clean, firm and level floor. On the lower side the occupation soil deepened, was darker and greasier, containing much charcoal and including paving stones set unevenly at varying levels.
The hearth was placed in south-west quarter of hut, with two shallow pits near it filled with dark soil and small stones. Pit 2 had a posthole (no 4) carefully packed. Pits were not hardened by fire, nor were any stones baked. May have been cooking holes or perhaps soak-aways. In this area a small cupboard or niche had been built into the wall at floor level, built out of three slabs. Its floor was of small granite pebbles. North of the hut door was a second wedge-shaped recess formed by two large slabs set transversely in the wall, no cover stone but not large enough for a sleeping recess. Patch of yellow clay found inside suggested it may have been a store. Similar patches are trodden into the floor. Perhaps potters clay waste or sodden sherds which had returned to clay.
Finds: pottery base (fig.21, no.13) and three small sherds; two grooved and one plain whetstone (fig.23, no.1,2,5); six flints, two worked; thirteen water worn stones from the river and suitable for heating, several scraps of shale.
One flint blade assigned by Dr Stone to secondary Neolithic culture was found under the edge of the hut wall. Red sand-stone whetstone (fig.23, no.5) found resting against the wall base in the north-east corner.
Hut roof carried on ten or eleven uprights; position shown by the postholes. No.8 may have supported a smoke louvre over the hearth, a piece of plain pottery was found at the bottom.


Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, pg. 147-150, Map 57.16 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Hut 1 measures 6.2-7.1 metres in diameter and is connected to 5A by a substantial wall. It has several unusual features, such as the line of slabs protecting the entrance outside and a recess built into the wall left of the doorway on entering, perhaps a clay store as a patch of material was found within. A second smaller cupboard like that found in the Cullercombe Head hut is still visible at ground level on the lower side which the excavator suggested could have been a household shrine.


Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV167114Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1957. Excavations on Dean Moor in the Avon Valley, 1954-1956. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 89. Unknown. 37-9 fig.6-7, pl.111.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. pg. 147-150, Map 57.16.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #94393 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV14799Part of: Hut circle settlement on Dean Moor (Monument)
MDV5273Related to: Hut 5 (a and b) in settlement on Dean Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV3205 - POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2201 BC)

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 9 2015 12:13PM