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HER Number:MDV52815
Name:Hartland House, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Hartland House also known as 'Hartyland', `Hastiland' or 'Hartland' was first mentioned in 1702 but the present house was built circa 1927

Location

Grid Reference:SX 643 794
Map Sheet:SX67NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of part of the Bronze Age parallel reave system as well as medieval ridge and furrow and leat supplying Hartyland Farm

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 884803
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NW/300

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMHOUSE (Early Medieval to XXI - 1066 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Shillibeer, W., 1818, Map of Dartmoor Freeholds (Cartographic). SDV218725.

Map of customary freeholds and early enclosures on Dartmoor (1805-18) in Duchy of Cornwall Record Office.


Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

'Hartyland' shown on 19th century Tithe Map as a large irregular shaped building. The Apportionment lists Field Number 276 as 'Dwelling House, Court, Mowhay and Garden'.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Hartland' shown on 19th century map as a large irregular shaped building.


Sainsbury, I. S., 1989, Hartland (Report - non-specific). SDV359289.

Site visited on 9th November 1989. Hartyland also known as `Hastiland' or 'Hartland'. It was first mentioned in a 1702 list of 34 of the ancient tenements. Information about the buildings on the tenement and the status of their occupants comes solely from 19th and 20th century sources. Photographs of Hartland farmhouse in 1907 show a thatched dwelling with a thatched porch and a corrugated iron lean-to (citing 'Illustrated Western Weekly' and 'High Dartmoor' (1982) with no further reference). The valuation of 1910 called Hartland a moorland farm of 224 acres with a very bad approach to the premises. The house was said to be very old, stone built with a thatched roof, two rooms and a dairy on the ground floor, two rooms upstairs, no closet, no drains, and the water supply came from a spring. The outbuildings were of granite, their thatched roofs recently replaced by iron and all in good repair. These were shown on the os 1:2500 2nd edition of 1905. There is now no trace of these buildings. The present house, a two-storied building with two south-facing bays and central porch, and a large double garage attached to the east side, was built on the site of the old farmhouse about 1927. If a longhouse existed at Hartyland, photographs of 1906 of the acknowledged `old house' suggest that it had long been rebuilt or undergone conversion to an extended dwelling. Documentation is lacking for the `ancient', presumably Medieval, tenement, but a map of the customary freehold area corresponds with a dozen fields (about 89 acres/36 hectares) clustered about the farmhouse between the East Dart and the Stannon Brook. In-bye might have been the western 60 acres (24 hectares) of small fields where ridge and furrow and 14 slotted gateposts (5 displaced) are perhaps indicative of early enclosures. Notably, an early tinworks, on a narrow strip west of Stannon Brook, is excluded from the freehold.


Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

'Hartland House' shown on modern mapping.


National Monument Record, 2015, Pastscape, 884803 (Website). SDV357603.

Hartyland is likely to date back several centuries before 1702 when as `Hastiland' (or Hartland) it was first mentioned in a list of 34 of the ancient tenements. It was then held by Sir Thomas Leake. Information about the buildings on the tenement and the status of their occupants comes solely from 19th and 20th century sources. Photographs of Hartland Farmhouse in 1907 show a thatched dwelling with a thatched porch and a corrugated iron lean-to. The valuation of 1910 called Hartland a moorland farm of 224 acres with a very bad approach to the premises. The house was said to be very old, stone built with a thatched roof, two rooms and a dairy on the ground floor, two rooms upstairs, no closet, no drains, and the water supply came from a spring. The outbuildings were of granite, their thatched roofs recently replaced by iron and all in good repair. These were shown on the OS 1:2500 2nd edition of 1905. There is now no trace of these buildings. The present house, a two storied building with two south facing bays and central porch, and a large double garage attached to the E side, was built on the site of the old farmhouse about 1927. If a longhouse existed at Hartyland, photographs of 1906 of the acknowledged `old house' suggest that it had long been rebuilt or undergone conversion to an extended dwelling. Documentation is lacking for the `ancient', presumably medieval, tenement, but a map of the Customary Freehold area corresponds with a dozen fields (about 89 acres/36 hectares) clustered about the farmhouse between the East Dart and the Stannon Brook. In-bye might have been the western 60 acres (24 ha) of small fields where ridge and furrow and fourteen slotted gateposts (five displaced) are perhaps indicative of early enclosures. Notably, an early tinworks (SX 67 NW 22), on a narrow strip W of Stannon Brook, is excluded from the freehold. (7)

Sources / Further Reading

SDV218725Cartographic: Shillibeer, W.. 1818. Map of Dartmoor Freeholds. Map of Enclosures on Dartmoor -1805-1818.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #94442 ]
SDV357603Website: National Monument Record. 2015. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 884803.
SDV359289Report - non-specific: Sainsbury, I. S.. 1989. Hartland. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report.

Associated Monuments

MDV113768Part of: Hartyland Farmstead, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 20 2015 12:19PM