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HER Number:MDV52930
Name:Pillbox S.33 to east of Weycroft Mill, Axminster


Hexagonal pillbox above the mill race at Weycroft Mill. Part of the Weycroft defence area on the Taunton Stop Line constructed in 1940.


Grid Reference:SY 307 999
Map Sheet:SY39NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishAxminster
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishAXMINSTER

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks and structures associated with the Weycroft Defence Area on the World War Two 'Taunton Stop Line'

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY39NW/89
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PILLBOX (Built, World War II - 1940 AD to 1940 AD)

Full description

Royal Engineers, 1940, Plans of Taunton Stop Line, Axminster Union & RD (Cartographic). SDV325259.

Pillbox recorded as S.33 on Royal Engineer's plan.

Wills, H., 1985, Pillboxes. A Study of UK Defences 1940, 74 (Monograph). SDV336210.

Wills lists polgonal pillbox of mixed construction facing west at SY308999.

Hayne, D. + Weston, H., 1996, Pillbox, Weycroft Mill (Worksheet). SDV356738.

Pillbox above the mill race at Weycroft Mill. Hexagonal in construction, six sides, each 8 feet in length. Entrance on south side, all others have hole for firing or observation. Interior concrete baffle wall with 'S.33' inscribed. Walls 2 feet thick.

Horner, B., 1997, World War II structures at Weycroft Mill (Personal Comment). SDV325623.

This is one of the few examples of a type 22 pillbox on the Devon stretch of the Taunton stop-line. The other is at Axebridge, Colyton, and is thought to have been for a bridge demolition party. This one overlooks the Weycroft Bridge and may have served the same function. It is of rendered/shuttered concrete on concrete block construction. Sited at the top of the scarp above Weycroft Mill and facing northwest. Internal anti-ricochet wall has stencilled 'S.33' on it.

Dobinson, C. S., 1998, The Taunton Stop Line. Component Listing, 4 (Report - non-specific). SDV109230.

Pillbox of type FW3/22 with 3ft 6in thick walls.

Foot, W., 2005, Defence Areas. A National Study of Second World War Anti-Invasion Landscapes in England, DA03-Weycroft-S0016346, p5, fig. 5 (Report - Survey). SDV360266.

Site visit 14th January 2003. Weycroft defence area. Type 22 pillbox located at the edge of a steep bank above the river Axe to the north of Weycroft Manor House. Faces north-west. One of only two of this type on the Taunton Stop Line. It still has its stencilled reference code, 'S.33' on the interior blast wall. Located by a public footpath, the interior is accessible. In good condition.

Passmore, A. + Passmore, M., 2010, The Taunton Stop Line, 2 (Leaflet). SDV345322.

The photograph shows a pillbox on the hillside behind the former Weycroft Mill, near Axminster. Other details: Photograph.

Powell-Thomas, A., 2017, The West Country's last Line of Defence. Taunton Stop Line, 77 (Monograph). SDV360594.

Unusual Type 22 pillbox comprising a brick structure with a corrugated iron roof covered in concrete blocks. It's original reference code, 'S33' can still be seen stencilled on the wall inside.

Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV109230Report - non-specific: Dobinson, C. S.. 1998. The Taunton Stop Line. Component Listing. Twentieth Century Fortifications in England. AI/S/3. Photocopy. 4.
SDV325259Cartographic: Royal Engineers. 1940. Plans of Taunton Stop Line. Royal Engineers Survey Plan circa July 1940. Unknown. Axminster Union & RD.
SDV325623Personal Comment: Horner, B.. 1997. World War II structures at Weycroft Mill. Not Applicable.
SDV336210Monograph: Wills, H.. 1985. Pillboxes. A Study of UK Defences 1940. Pillboxes. Hardback Volume. 74.
SDV345322Leaflet: Passmore, A. + Passmore, M.. 2010. The Taunton Stop Line. A Brief Introduction to Twentieth Century Military and Civil Defence Archae. 22. A4 Folded + digital. 2.
SDV356738Worksheet: Hayne, D. + Weston, H.. 1996. Pillbox, Weycroft Mill. Defence of Britain Project. Worksheet + Digital.
SDV360266Report - Survey: Foot, W.. 2005. Defence Areas. A National Study of Second World War Anti-Invasion Landscapes in England. Council for British Archaeology/English Heritage. Digital. DA03-Weycroft-S0016346, p5, fig. 5.
SDV360594Monograph: Powell-Thomas, A.. 2017. The West Country's last Line of Defence. Taunton Stop Line. The West Country's last Line of Defence. Taunton Stop Line. Paperback Volume. 77.
SDV360652Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #94490 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV119535Part of: The Taunton Stop Line (Monument)
MDV120385Part of: Weycroft Defence Area on the Taunton Stop Line (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4919 - Site Visit to Pillboxes and Anti-Tank Obstacles Near Axminster

Date Last Edited:Apr 8 2020 2:19PM