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HER Number:MDV5294
Name:Hut circle settlement at Hickaton Hill, Dean Prior

Summary

Enclosed settlement comprising enclosure with three hut circles and two hut circles outside the enclosure, on Hickaton Hill. This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 672 665
Map Sheet:SX66NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDean Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishDEAN PRIOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Walling remains of a Bronze Age settlement comprising an enclosure with a number of hut circles and a Prehistoric stone circle on Hickaton Hill

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66NE15
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NE/77
  • Pastscape: 441393
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, NMR SX6766 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147534.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure shown on 19th century map with three 'Hut Circles' inside.

Royal Air Force, 1946, CPE/UK 1890, 4271 (Aerial Photograph). SDV140289.

Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2494, 4115-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147533.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1977, SX66NE15, SX66NE15 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV147532.

Enclosed settlement containing enclosure with three hut circles and two hut circles outside the enclosure, on Hickaton Hill. The enclosure wall is constructed of turf and heather covered stones, with an entrance at the east. Three hut circles are recorded within the enclosure of small turf covered stones with no visible entrances. (1950)
Enclosure with three hut circles inside. The general condition of the site is poor. Entrances of hut circles recorded to the south. (1977)

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

No hut circles seen outside of enclosure.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 164-5, Map 58 ,Figur.2.1es 58.2 & 58 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Single enclosure 'Crad Hole Ring' is isolated from other Avon settlements at the haed of an east facing combe overlooking Brockhill Mires. Large boulders compose the circuit wall mainly spread to 3.0 metres but defined in places by slabs set on edge about 2 metres apart. A line of blocks separates a small part of the north-western interior. Of the several breaks in the wall only that on the south-east side shows signs of being an original entrance for the walls curve in slightly towards it. At the centre of the pound are two pairs of huts in fair condition and entered from the south. Originally there seems to have been a third pair with the larger hut converted into a cairn with stones piled into the interior and a small pillar erected in the centre.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

'Settlement' shown on modern mapping.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 441393, SX66NE15 (Website). SDV363416.

Field Investigation on 21st July 1977. At SX 67246650 there is an enclosed hut group and one external hut all on a south facing slope at 411 metres OD. The sub circular enclosure is of 0.25 hectares and has tumbled walling of small stones and double orthostats. The walling is 2.0 metres wide and 0.7 metres high with possible entrances on the south-west and eastern sides. The general condition is poor. All the huts are of Type 1. The majority have levelled interiors with entrances on the south. The internal diameters are from 2.0 metres to 7.5 metres with a mean of 5.5 metres and walling averaging 1.5 metres thick and 0.6 metres high.
The hut at SX 67206647, outside the enclosure, utilises a very large in situ boulder as part of its walling.
At SX 67226649 is a hut, infilled as if from field clearance, with an eastern annex. A somewhat purposeless upright stone, 1.3 metres high, is in the centre of the hut with a kerb of stones 1.2 metres in diameter, around it. This is probably a recent structure.
At SX 67246650 and SX 67256649 are two huts, the latter being subsequent and attached to the other. The pair at SX 67246651 and SX 67256651 are also joined, the hut at SX 67246651 being the later. The hut at SX 67276650 is built into the enclosure wall.
At SX 67226653 a yard is attached to the inside of the enclosure. From the west side of the enclosure a ruined and perhaps partly
robbed wall extends for 10.0 metres inwards and then fades.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV140289Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. CPE/UK 1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4271.
SDV147532Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1977. SX66NE15. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. SX66NE15.
SDV147533Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2494. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4115-6.
SDV147534Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. NMR SX6766. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 164-5, Map 58 ,Figur.2.1es 58.2 & 58.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #94497 ]
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 441393, SX66NE15.

Associated Monuments

MDV129289Parent of: Curved feature creating a yard within enclosed hut settlement on Hickaton Hill, Dean Prior (Monument)
MDV129286Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed hut settlement on Hickaton Hill, Dean Prior (Monument)
MDV129287Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed hut settlement on Hickaton Hill, Dean Prior (Monument)
MDV129288Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed hut settlement on Hickaton Hill, Dean Prior (Monument)
MDV5295Related to: Hut circle outside settlement on Hickaton Hill, Dean Prior (Monument)
MDV5260Related to: Possible stone circle on Hickaton Hill, Dean Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 19 2020 12:55PM