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HER Number:MDV5308
Name:One of four cairns 560 metres east of Hapstead Ford, Holne

Summary

Mardle Valley '1' cairn (Butler). One of four cairns forming part of a cairn cemetery in the Mardle Valley.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 675 693
Map Sheet:SX66NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHolne
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHOLNE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66NE66
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NE/90
  • Old SAM Ref: 28766
  • Pastscape: 441542

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 1501 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 1890 4365 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Photograph taken on 10th December 1946.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible and recorded on aerial photogrpah.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 64, 70, b11 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

An embanked stone circle; an annular bank of earth and/or stone with an inner edge of orthostats. Much disturbed. Internal diameter 6.5 metres with bank 1.2 metres wide and 0.4 metres high.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 152229
MPP
(Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 19th May 1999. Cairn forming part of a cairn cemetery in the Mardle Valley.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 172. Map 58, Figure 58.8 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Mardle Valley '1' cairn at SX67526935 of 12.0 metres diameter by 0.3 metres high is deformed by a saucer shaped deprssion in the surface now turfed over and comparatively smooth, the product of some ancient excavation.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Cairn shown on survey.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 441542, SX66NE66 (Website). SDV363416.

Field Investigation on 26th June 1977. Round cairn at SX 67516935 of 13 metres diameter and 0.4 metres high high situated on a moderate south-west facing slope at 395 metres above OD. Three projecting orthostats, within the cairn structure, might be the remains of a circle, though there is little evidence of disturbance.
Field Investigation on 6th January 1997. A flat-topped cairn at SX 67526936 with a disturbed bank around its crest lies on a moderate South-west slope above the left bank of the River Mardle. The feature is circular, 11.8 metres in diameter, and stands a maximum of 0.8 metres high. The stoney ring measures 1.2 metres wide and 0.3 metres high and there are no traces of a cist or kerb in the main structure. The source of the disturbance is unclear though there does not appear to have been an excavation.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Cairn' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1019270 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

The monument, which falls into four areas of protection, includes four cairns, forming part of a cairn cemetery situated on a gentle south facing slope overlooking the valley of River Mardle. The northern example is a ring cairn and survives as a 1.5 metres wide by 0.5 metres high rubble bank surrounding an internal area measuring 7.8 metres in diameter. A number of edge set slabs within this bank may represent a kerb. Hollows and trenches cutting into all four cairns indicate that they have been subjected to early undocumented investigations.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 64, 70, b11.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 152229 MPP.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 172. Map 58, Figure 58.8.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 1890 4365.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 441542, SX66NE66.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #94549 ]
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1019270.

Associated Monuments

MDV5204Related to: Cairn east of Hapstead Ford in the Mardle Valey, Holne (Monument)
MDV24792Related to: Cairn east of Hapstead Ford, forming part of a cairn cemetery, Holne (Monument)
MDV5214Related to: Cairn east of River Mardle, West Buckfastleigh (Monument)
MDV5203Related to: One of a group of cairns east of Hapstead Ford, Holne (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7100 - Holne Moor Survey

Date Last Edited:Mar 7 2021 11:55AM