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HER Number:MDV53383
Name:Western enclosure and hut circles north of Tory Brook Head

Summary

An enclosed hut circle settlement of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date has been recorded by field and aerial survey on the south-west facing slopes of Lee Moor, to the north of Cholwichtown Clay Works. It is the western of two similar enclosures in close proximity.
Five hut circles and a possible stock pound or pen are visible within the enclosure. The enclosure is visible on aerial photographs of 1946 and remains clearly identifiable on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 585 633
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 34
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/18
  • Old SAM Ref: 10793(P)
  • Pastscape: 439205

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as earthworks under vegetation.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SE34, 22/05/1950, plan included (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138923.

One of two enclosures with about 11 huts in and around.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX5863, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV148504.

Visible on aerial photograph.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1977, Field Investigators Comments - Shaugh Prior settlement (Report - Survey). SDV138998.

SX 58516337: An oval enclosure, 50m. by 40m. and of 0.1ha., is built of double orthostatic walling,1.2m. wide. It is cleared and divided by a sinuous wall or clearance bank. It contains two type 2 hut circles, average internal diameter 6.0m., the walls 1.2m. wide and in poor condition. One, terraced against the wall, has a southeast facing entrance opening into a yard, 7m. by 4m., beyond which is another yard 9m. by 3m.

Unknown, 1981, Slide of settlements at Shaugh Prior (Photograph). SDV148505.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Western of two enclosures. Agglomerated and of four elements. Contains four attached hut circles.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133411, 18/5/1994 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Enclosure containing at least five hut circles forms the western part of a large stone hut circle settlement. Enclosure survives as an oval area measuring 50 metres by 36 metres defined by a 2.0 metre wide rubble bank standing up to 0.7 metres high. Within the enclosure two separate lengths of curved rubble walling form two smaller enclosures which may represent stock pens. The northern stock pen measures 16 metres by 13 metres, is defined by a 2.0 metres wide and 0.4 metre high rubble wall and has a south-facing entrance. The southern stock pen is attached to the inner face of the enclosure, measures 18 metres by 12 metres and is defined by a 2.1 metre wide rubble bank standing up to 0.4 metres high.
Four of the hut circles are attached to the inner face of the enclosure and the fifth is linked to the rubble wall forming the northern stock pen. Each hut circle includes a circular bank of stone and earth surrounding an internal area.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as stony earthworks.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as earthworks.

English Heritage, 2015, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV357602.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A bank 2 to 3m wide is visible as an earthwork under scrub vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946 and remains clearly identifiable as a stony bank on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards, defining an oval enclosure up to circa 50m across on the south-west facing slopes of Lee Moor, to the north of Cholwichtown Clay Works.
It is one of two similar enclosures in close proximity, the second located approximately 60m to the east.
At least 5 possible hut circles are visible within the enclosure. A further 7 hut circles are visible to the without the enclosure boundary, between this and the neighbouring enclosure.
These are recorded separately and will not be detailed here.
Walls or sub-dividing banks are visible within the enclosure, possibly forming a central pound or paddock, around which the possible hut circles are arranged.
Two breaks are visible on the south-east side of the enclosure bank, and a hollow immediately within the enclosure might support the interpretation that one of these represents an entrance.
The enclosure and hut circles remain identifiable as subtle earthworks on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138923Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SE34. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 22/05/1950, plan included.
SDV138998Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1977. Field Investigators Comments - Shaugh Prior settlement. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown. Unknown.
SDV148504Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX5863. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1.
SDV148505Photograph: Unknown. 1981. Slide of settlements at Shaugh Prior. Slide.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133411, 18/5/1994.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV357602National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2015. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002.

Associated Monuments

MDV53386Parent of: Hut circle in enclosure north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)
MDV53388Parent of: Hut circle in enclosure north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)
MDV53384Parent of: Hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV53385Parent of: Hut in enclosure north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)
MDV2425Related to: Hut circle settlement north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV63334Related to: Hut circle west of enclosure north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)
MDV53392Related to: Unenclosed hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV2426Related to: Unenclosed hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 19 2019 3:42PM