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HER Number:MDV53384
Name:Structure in enclosure north of Cholwichtown Clay Works

Summary

One of five hut circles recorded by Gerrard (1993) within the western enclosure on the south-west facing slopes of Lee Moor, north of Cholwichtown Clay Works. Ground survey in 2002 cast doubt on this identification; thought to be contemporary or later activity on the site, subdividing the enclosure, rather than huts.
The feature is visible as an earthwork under vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946, remains visible on as a stony bank on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 and is identifiable on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 585 633
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 34
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/18/1
  • Old SAM Ref: 10793(P)
  • Pastscape: 439205

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • STRUCTURE (Constructed, Early Bronze Age to Late Medieval - 2200 BC to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks under vegetation.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133411, 18/05/1994 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

SX 5849 6339 Gerrard's Hut A. Conjoined plan and double orthostat walling type. Interior measures 6.0 metres in diameter and is defined by a 2.0 metre wide wall standing up to 0.9 metres high. Attached to the inner face of the enclosure and Hut C.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 166-9, Map 51.7, Fig 51.9 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Butler's hut circle 1. Measures 5.9 metres and is attached to the western wall of the enclosure and adjoined on the southern side by a small enclosure or unroofed pen.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear stony banks are visible as earthworks.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(23/05/2005) Only one hut was recorded associated with this enclosure; these features are thought to represent a combination of original and later walls, subdividing the enclosure.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as earthworks.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A curvilinear bank up to circa 2m wide is visible as an earthwork under vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946, as a stony earthwork on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 and is identifiable as a subtle earthwork on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.
The bank defines an irregularly shaped enclosure up to 8m across, abutting or partly comprising the internal edge of the north-western boundary bank defining the enclosure MDV53383.
The visible earthwork is interpreted as a hut circle of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date, one of 5 identified within the enclosure. It is abutted to the south by the possible hut circle MDV53386.
The hut circle has been transcribed as part of enclosure MDV53383.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 166-9, Map 51.7, Fig 51.9.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133411, 18/05/1994.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013. [Mapped feature: #122955 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002.

Associated Monuments

MDV53383Part of: Western enclosure and hut circle north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)
MDV53386Related to: Structure in enclosure north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)
MDV2426Related to: Unenclosed hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:May 19 2020 12:00PM