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HER Number:MDV53392
Name:Unenclosed hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works

Summary

A hut circle of probable Bronze Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey as an earthwork on the south-west facing slopes of Lee Moor. It is one of 7 unenclosed hut circles probably associated with two prehistoric enclosures north of Cholwichtown Clay Works. The earthwork is clearly identifiable on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 584 633
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 34
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/18/7
  • Old SAM Ref: 10793(P)
  • Pastscape: 439205

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133409, 18/05/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

SX 5846 6334 Two conjoined stone hut circles forming part of a partially enclosed settlement. Both are terraced into the hillslope.
The north-east one is of double orthostatic walling whilst the south-west one is of the single orthostat type. Interior of the north-east one measures 5.0 metres in diameter and is defined by a 2.0 metres wide wall standing up to 0.6 metres high.
The south-west one survives as a 2.5 metre diameter ring of stones protruding through the turf and standing up to 0.5 metres high.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East (Monograph). SDV337765.

Butler depicts one hut at this location; Hut Circle 8.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey, 23/05/2002 (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

Uneclosed hut circle at SX 58476335. A circular hollow 3.4 metres in diameter, edged with a stony bank 0.4 metres high.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as earthworks.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

An irregular bank between circa 1.5m and 5m wide is visible as an earthwork on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013. The bank encloses a roughly oval hollow circa 4.5m across and is interpreted as the spread and damaged remains of a hut circle of probable Bronze Age date.
It is one of 7 unenclosed hut circles probably associated with two prehistoric enclosures north (MDV53383 & MDV2425).
No evidence of a second smaller hut circle visible as a ring of stones terraced into the slope, as described by the above authority (SDV277946), has been noted on any of the sources available to the survey.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133409, 18/05/1993.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown. 23/05/2002.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013. [Mapped feature: #122951 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV2426Related to: Unenclosed hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV53383Related to: Western enclosure and hut circle north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:May 18 2020 3:40PM